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Los verbos reflexivos

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How to conjugate reflexive verbs Start with the verb. 1 Drop se 2. ... Put the appropriate -ar, -er or -ir ending of the verb 4. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Los verbos reflexivos


1
  • Los verbos reflexivos
  • Objective
  • To talk about your daily routine.
  • Getting ready for a special event.

2
Reflexive verbs
  • In this presentation, we are going to look at a
    special group of verbs called reflexive verbs
  • Lets start out by thinking of the English verb
    to wash.

3
Huh?
  • There are two ways to talk about washing in
    Spanish
  • First, to wash something else
  • I wash my clothes
  • I wash the car
  • Second, to wash part of ones body.
  • I wash my hands
  • I wash my hair

4
To wash the Car
  • I can wash things that are not part of me.
  • In Spanish, we say
  • Yo lavo el carro.

The action of the verb goes to the car.
5
and
  • I also wash my body and things on my body hands,
    face, hair
  • I wash my hands.
  • In spanish we say
  • Me lavo las manos.

6
The point is
  • If you are washing something that is attached to
    your body, you need to use reflexive pronouns.

7
What are the reflexive pronouns?
me nos
te os
se se
8
Lets conjugate Lavarse
me lavo nos lavamos
te lavas os laváis
se lava se lavan
The endings are still the same. In this case
these are endings for regular ar verbs in the
present tense.
9
Notice the placement of the reflexive pronouns in
Spanish
Sue bathes herself.
reflexive pronoun
subject
Sue
Sue se baña.
reflexive pronoun
subject
10
Notice the placement of the reflexive pronouns in
Spanish
Joe shaves himself.
Joe
reflexive pronoun
subject
Joe se afeita.
reflexive pronoun
subject
11
  • The reflexive pronouns go before the conjugated
    verb.

12
  • How to conjugate reflexive verbs
  • Start with the verb.
  • 1 Drop se
  • 2. Determine what kind of verb it is ar, er,
    or ir
  • 3. Put the appropriate -ar, -er or -ir ending
    of the verb
  • 4. Put the correct reflexive pronoun in front
    of the conjugated verb.

13
Dormir vs. Dormirse
  • The verb forms are the same duermo, duermes,
    duerme, dormimos, duermen
  • The difference in form is the addition of the
    reflexive pronouns me, te, se, nos, se
  • The difference in meaning is
  • Dormir to sleep
  • Dormirse to fall asleep

14
DORMIR DORMIRSE TO SLEEP TO FALL ASLEEP
duermo me duermo dormimos nos dormimos
duermes te duermes dormís os dormís
duerme se duerme duermen se duermen
15
A morning routine
  • Todos los días, yo _________ (levantarse) a las
    700. ____________(lavarse) la cara, y _________
    (afeitarse). Luego ____________ (vestirse (e-i))
    y ___________(comer) un poco de desayuno. Por
    fin, ________ (cepillarse) los dientes.

16
Respuestas
  • Todos los días yo me levanto a las 700. me lavo
    la cara y me afeito. Luego me visto y como un
    poco de desayuno. Por fin, me cepillo los dientes

17
  • A verb followed by a reflexive verb
  • Remember that in a sentence when there are 2
    verbs next to each other, you conjugate the first
    verb and leave the second verb in its infinitive
    form.
  • EX Yo necesito estudiar.
  • The rule is a little different when a verb is
    followed by a reflexive verb.
  • Instead of placing the reflexive pronoun in front
    of the verb, you will leave it attached to the
    infinitve, BUT CHANGE IT to AGREE with the
    subject.

18
  • Some examples
  • Yo necesito levantarme.
  • Tú necesitas despertarte.
  • Nosotros tenemos que bañarnos.

19
  • Place the reflexive pronoun BEFORE the CONJUGATED
    verb
  • OR
  • ATTACHED to the INFINITIVE
  • When you have two verbs next to each other
    conjugate the first one only.
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