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Shape of the Australian Curriculum December 2010


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Title: Shape of the Australian Curriculum December 2010

Shape of the Australian CurriculumDecember 2010
The Australian Curriculum
  • sets what all students are to be taught (content)
    and the quality of learning expected by years or
    bands of schooling (achievement standards)
  • affirms the central importance of
    discipline-based knowledge and skills as well as
    general capabilities and cross-curriculum

  • The Australian Curriculum aims to
  • help to ensure all young Australians are equipped
    with the skills, knowledge and capabilities that
    provide a foundation for successful and lifelong
    learning and participation in the Australian
  • make clear to teachers what is to be taught
    across the years of schooling
  • make clear to students what they should learn and
    the quality of the learning expected of them

Catering for the diversity of students
  • There is flexibility for teachers to shape
    classroom programs to take into account
  • the different rates at which students develop
  • the diverse range of learning needs in the class
  • Schools and teachers will continue to apply their
    professional judgment about how to best reflect
    local and regional circumstances, educational
    philosophies and learning environments

Students with special education needs
  • Most students with special education needs can
    engage with the Foundation to Year 10 curriculum
    content provided age-appropriate adjustments are
    made to content, complexity and pace of the
    curriculum and/or pedagogical approach
  • For students not able to access the Foundation to
    Year 10 curriculum, even with adjustments, ACARA
    is developing additional curriculum content and
    achievement standards

Students for whom English is another language or
dialect (EAL/D)
  • Development of statements for inclusion in each
    learning area which describe who EAL/D learners
    are and the language requirements of the learning
  • Identification of the language, literacy and
    skills demands in the curriculum to address
    specific needs of EAL/D learners
  • ACARA will continue to work with jurisdictions in
    provision of further advice and guidance

Australian Curriculum Development
  • There are four stages in the development of the
    Australian Curriculum
  • Curriculum shaping
  • Curriculum writing
  • Implementation
  • Evaluation and review

Australian Curriculum Development
Phase 3 development 2011-2013
Phase 2 development 2010-2012
Shape Papers
Phase 1 development 2008-2010
Design Paper
Development of the Learning Areas
Learning areas Timeline
English 2008-2010
Mathematics 2008-2010
Science 2008-2010
Humanities and social sciences History Geography Economics, Business, Civics and citizenship 2008-2010 2010-2012 2011-2013
The arts 2010-2012
Languages 2010-2012
Health and physical education 2011-2013
Design and the technologies 2011-2013
Shape of the Australian Curriculum v2.0
  • provides a context for the Foundation to Year 10
    Australian Curriculum for English, mathematics,
    science and history and guides the next stage of
    curriculum development
  • describes what has been agreed about the
    structure and development of the Australian
  • will be progressively revised to reflect the
    ongoing development of the Australian Curriculum
  • available at

Shape of the curriculum
  • There are three core areas of the Australian
  • Learning areas
  • (content descriptions and achievement standards)
  • General capabilities
  • Cross-curriculum priorities

Curriculum content Foundation to Year 10
  • Rationale and aims
  • outline the purpose and structure of the learning
  • Content descriptions
  • core knowledge, understandings and skills what
    students will be taught
  • accompanied by content elaborations that
    illustrate and exemplify content
  • Achievement standards
  • describe the quality of learning typically
    expected of students
  • accompanied by work samples that illustrate and

Teaching time allocations
  • The Australian Curriculum is designed to be
    taught within the overall teaching time and
    resources available to teachers and students
  • School systems, sectors and schools determine
    time and other resource allocations for delivery
    of curriculum

General capabilities
  • The general capabilities in the Australian
    Curriculum are
  • Literacy
  • Numeracy
  • Information and Communication Technology
  • Critical and creative thinking
  • Ethical behaviour
  • Personal and social competence
  • Intercultural understanding
  • The general capabilities are incorporated into
    learning area content in ways that are
    appropriate to each learning area

Cross-curriculum priorities
  • Three cross-curriculum priorities
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories
    and cultures
  • Asia and Australias engagement with Asia
  • Sustainability
  • The cross-curriculum priorities are embedded in
    all learning areas as appropriate
  • They are designed to support relevance and
    address contemporary issues

Assessment and Reporting
  • The Australian Curriculum achievement standards
    provide a basis for assessment and reporting
  • ACARA is working with states and territories
    towards a nationally-consistent approach to
  • States and territories will continue to determine
    assessment and reporting approaches until there
    is a nationally-consistent approach

Senior secondary courses
  • ACARA is responsible for developing curriculum
    content and achievement standards for certain
    senior secondary courses (currently English,
    mathematics, science and history courses are
    under development)
  • States and territories will continue to offer
    subjects that do not overlap significantly with
    the Australian Curriculum subjects
  • The list of Australian Curriculum courses may
    grow in time if there is national agreement
  • Curriculum, assessment and certification
    authorities will be responsible for determining
    the assessment, certification and quality
    assurance requirements of Australian Curriculum

Recognition of Alternative Curricula
  • Until a national recognition process for
    alternative curricula is developed by ACARA and
    agreed by education ministers, schools that offer
    well established alternative curricula, such as
    Steiner, Montessori and International
    Baccalaureate, will continue to have their
    curriculum approved under state and territory
    registration arrangements

Quality assurance and review
  • The Australian Curriculum has been established on
    a strong evidence base, including what works in
    professional practice
  • The Australian Curriculum will continue to be
    benchmarked against the curricula of countries
    leading the world in excellence and performance
  • The Australian Curriculum will be subject to
    evaluation and validation during initial

The Foundation to Year 10 learning areas
English Foundation to Year 10
  • Three interrelated strands (Language, Literature,
  • Each strand focuses on reading, writing, speaking
    and listening
  • Teaching of literature in primary years
  • Grammar focus from Foundation to Year 10

Mathematics Foundation to Year 10
  • Organised around three content strands (Number
    and Algebra, Measurement and Geometry, Statistics
    and Probability)
  • Content descriptions are grouped into sub-strands
    to illustrate sequence and development of
    concepts in each strand
  • The proficiencies are incorporated into the three
    strands (Understanding, Fluency, Problem Solving
    and Reasoning)

Science Foundation to Year 10
  • Three interrelated strands (Science
    understanding, Science as a human endeavour,
    Science inquiry skills)
  • Focus on inquiry-based approaches
  • Development of key science concepts from
    Foundation to Year 10 that relate to contemporary
    applications of science
  • Overarching ideas that represent key aspects of

History Foundation to Year 10
  • Two interrelated strands historical knowledge
    and understanding historical skills
  • A world history approach personal/family to
  • A focus on historical inquiry
  • Overviews and depth studies
  • A focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
    histories and cultures, Asia and Australias
    engagement with Asia

Consultation and revision process
Consultation process
  • ACARA manages the consultation process that
    informs Australian Curriculum shaping and writing
  • All members of the community are encouraged to
    engage in the consultation process via the
    Australian Curriculum website (click on
  • This website provides key information about what
    is open for consultation and how and when
    feedback can be provided
  • As they become available, reports of consultation
    activities will be published on the website

Consultation occurs on
  1. Initial Advice Paper
  2. Draft Shape Paper
  3. Final Shape Paper
  4. Draft curriculum outline
  5. Draft curriculum
  6. Responses to major feedback
  7. Revised curriculum
  8. Penultimate/final curriculum

Consultation processes
  • State/territory consultation forums (teachers,
    academics, authorities, associations)
  • National panel meetings (experts teachers,
    academics, authorities, associations)
  • Meetings with state and territory authorities and
    major professional associations
  • Web surveys and written submissions
  • Participation of trial schools and teachers
  • Critical readers and reviewers

Australian Curriculumwebsite digital resources
Digital curriculum and resources
  • The Australian Curriculum is published online
  • ACARA has worked with Education Services
    Australia to make adjustments to the online
    curriculum based on consultation feedback
    regarding layout and functionality
  • The Australian Curriculum Connect project will
    link state/territory digital resources to support
    the teaching of the curriculum

Online delivery
  • The delivery of the Australian Curriculum within
    an online environment enables
  • the curriculum to be dynamic, multidimensional
    and more easily updated
  • teachers to use the online facility to design
    their teaching programs
  • teachers to integrate ICT within their classrooms

National digital learning resources
  • There are over 11,000 national digital learning
    resources available through the Learning
  • More than 80 of current resources are in
    English, mathematics, science and history.
  • The Australian Curriculum Connect Pilot is
    testing a new way of linking digital resources
    (whether national or local) to the Australian
  • making it easier for users to search
  • more flexible and durable
  • providing access to a greater range of digital