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FINLAND

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Basic Facts Official Name: Suomen Tasavalta (fin) Republiken Finland (swe) Form of goverment: Republic, 1919 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: FINLAND


1
FINLAND
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Basic Facts
  • Official Name Suomen Tasavalta (fin)
  • Republiken
    Finland (swe)
  • Form of goverment Republic, 1919
  • Capital Helsinki

  • Helsingfors (swe)
  • Origin of State Independent since 1917
  • Population 5 203 800 (2003)
  • Population Density 17 per km²
  • Religion Lutheran 85,6

  • Eastern Orthodox 1,1
  • Official languages Finnish 92

  • Swedish 6

5
Climate
  • The Atlantic Ocean, The Gulf Stream
  • ?Temperate climate
  • Summer Warm, bright
  • Midnight Sun
  • Winter Very cold
  • Twilight season
  • Low humidity
  • ?Temperatures feel warmer
  • Considerable temperature variations
  • Rainfall distributed throughout the year

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Lapland
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The Lakes
  • About 10 of the total area are lakes.
  • There are 187 888 lakes in Finland.
  • And 5 100 rapids.
  • The largest lake is called Saimaa.

8
The Finnish Archipelago
  • 81 000 islands (gt100m²)
  • One of the natural trasures of Finland

9
Breef History
  • Human settlement for more than a 100 000 years
    ago.
  • 1150 1300 Swedish crusades to Finland.
  • Late 13th century 1809 Finland as a part of
    Sweden
  • 1809 Sweden loses Finland to Russia in the
    Finnish War.
  • 1809 1917 Finland as an autonomous part of
    Russia.
  • 1917 Revolution in Russia Finland declares
    itself independent.
  • 1918 Civil War in Finland
  • 1939 The Soviet Red Army attacks Finland.
  • 1939 1948 The Finnish forces fight against the
    Soviet Union.

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Aurora Borealis
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The Finnish People
  • Two genetical groups
  • The Finns
  • The Sami (the Lapps)
  • Origins
  • The Finns The great bend of the river Volga.
  • The Sami Old population, origin not established.

14
  • Genes of the modern Finns
  • 25 50 Baltic
  • 25 Siberian
  • 25 50 Germanic

15
Languages
  • Two official languages
  • Finnish 92
  • Swedish 6
  • Finnish (5 000 000 speakers) Finno-Ugric
    language
  • Other Finno-Ugric languages
  • Hungarian (14 000 000)
  • Estonian (1 000 000)
  • Swedish (9 000 000 speakers) North Germanic
    language
  • Sami (34 000 speakers) Finno-Ugric language

16
Swedish in Finland
  • 294 000 Swedish speakers in Finland (6)
  • Came to Finland during the Swedish era of the
    history of Finland.
  • Official language

17
Finnish Music
  • The Rasmus
  • HIM
  • Bomfunk Mcs
  • Darude

18
Sauna
  • About 2 000 000 saunas in Finland.
  • One sauna for every three inhabitants.
  • 70 to 100 degrees celsius
  • Very healthy

19
Famous Companies
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Sport
  • F1
  • Mika Häkkinen
  • Kimi Räikkönen
  • Soccer
  • Jari Litmanen
  • Sami Hyypiä
  • Mikael Forssell
  • Icehockey
  • Teemu Selänne
  • Saku Koivu

21
Helsinki
  • Capital of Finland
  • Largest city
  • 500 000 inhabitants
  • 1,2 mill. In the captal area
  • Economic and cultural centre

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Finnish Food
  • Combines traditional Finnish country food with
    modern continental cooking
  • Spices from both East and West
  • Light and healthy food
  • Different dishes depending on the season.

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Some facts you possibly didntknow about Finland
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Quality of life
  • Finland is ranked sixth in the latest United
    Nations survey of quality of life

25
Consumption
  • The Finns drink more coffee than any other nation
    in the world
  • 14 kg of coffee anually, per person
  • Ranked third in the world on buying newspapers.
  • 456 newspapers per 1000 inhabitants

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Lifestyle
  • Finland (naturally) tops the list in number of
    saunas
  • Vacation cabins in the archipelago or by a lake

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Forest and paper
  • 70 of the area of Finland is covered by forest
    (highest proportion in the world)
  • Second in the world in production and exportation
    of paper

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  • http//virtual.finland.fi
  • www.visitfinland.com
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