Chapter 17 Becoming a World Power - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Chapter 17 Becoming a World Power PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 4b16a1-Yjc4Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Chapter 17 Becoming a World Power

Description:

Chapter 17 Becoming a World Power Section 2 The Spanish-American War The Coming of War Cuba, a Spanish colony, provided wealth for Spain with sugarcane plantations ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:61
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: podcastsS2
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Chapter 17 Becoming a World Power


1
Chapter 17 Becoming a World Power
  • Section 2
  • The Spanish-American War

2
The Coming of War
  • Cuba, a Spanish colony, provided wealth for Spain
    with sugarcane plantations.
  • 1868 Cuban rebels declared independence and
    began a guerilla attack against Spanish
    authorities.
  • Attack failed, and rebels fled to U.S.

3
(No Transcript)
4
Jose Marti
  • Exiled leader of the revolution fled to NYC.
  • Raised money from Americans and began purchasing
    weapons and training troops to prepare for an
    invasion of Cuba.

5
Americans support the Cubans
  • 1894 U.S. imposed new tariffs on sugar, and the
    Cuban economy was devastated.
  • Marti began a new rebellion in Feb. 1895.
  • They seized control of eastern Cuba, declared its
    independence, and set up the Republic of Cuba in
    Sept. 1895.

6
Americans Support the Cubans
  • At the start of the revolution America was
    neutral.
  • After reports in two newspapers by William
    Randolph Hearst (New York Journal) Joseph
    Pulitzer (New York World) Americans began to side
    with the rebels.
  • They used yellow journalism, exaggerated stories,
    to try to outdo each other.

7
Hearst (NY Journal)
  • Reported that the Spanish were feeding Cubans to
    the sharks and dogs.

8
Pulitzer (NY World)
  • Described Cuba as a place with blood on the
    roadsides, blood in the fields, blood on the
    doorsteps, blood, blood, blood!

9
Calling Out For War
  • The Cuban rebels attacked and destroyed, American
    property hoping for American intervention.

10
Calling Out for War
  • Spanish appointed Gen. Valeriano Weyler to serve
    as governor.
  • Sent tens of thousands of Cubans to their deaths
    in reconcentration camps.
  • This led to Americans to call for intervention.

11
Calling Out for War
  • Spanish ambassador to the U.S., Enrique Dupuy de
    Lome, wrote a private letter, describing Pres.
    McKinley as weak and seeking admiration of
    Americans.
  • The NY Journal printed the letter.

12
Calling Out for War
  • Feb. 1898, the U.S.S. Maine, anchored in Havana,
    Cuba, exploded, killing 266 American officers and
    sailors.
  • Most blamed the Spanish.

13
(No Transcript)
14
(No Transcript)
15
(No Transcript)
16
Calling Out for War
  • Pres. McKinley didnt want to intervene fearing
    it would cost the U.S. too many lives and hurt
    the economy.
  • However, within the Republican party, jingoism,
    or aggressive nationalism, was strong, and the
    president declared war on April 19, 1898.

17
A War on Two Fronts
  • The U.S. Navys North Atlantic Squadron blockaded
    Cuba.
  • An American fleet in British Hong Kong was
    ordered to attack the Spanish fleet in the
    Phillipines a Spanish colony.

18
(No Transcript)
19
(No Transcript)
20
U.S. Takes the Philippines
  • May 1898, Commodore George Dewey led a squadron
    that destroyed Spanish warships in Manilla Bay.
  • Sent 20,000 troops, and along the way, seized
    Guam.

21
(No Transcript)
22
U.S. Takes the Philippines
  • Dewey contacted Emilio Aguinaldo while waiting
    for American troops.
  • Aguinaldo quickly launched a new guerrilla war.
  • This led the way for America to seize the
    Philippines.

23
American Forces Battle in Cuba
  • June 1898, American troops advanced toward
    Santiago Harbor in Southern Cuba.
  • Among the troops were the Rough Riders led by
    Colonel Leonard Wood, with Theodore Roosevelt as
    second in command.
  • Both were American victories.

24
(No Transcript)
25
American Forces Battle in Cuba
  • Spanish resistance ended with the surrender of
    Santiago on Aug. 12, 1898 with a cease-fire.

26
An American Empire is Born
  • Dec 10, 1898 U.S. Spain signed the Treaty of
    Paris.
  • Cuba became an independent country.
  • U.S. acquired Puerto Rico Guam and paid 20
    million for the Philippines.
  • Made the U.S. an imperial power.

27
Rebellion in the Philippines
  • Emilio Aguinaldo ordered an attack on American
    soldiers stationed in the Philippines.
  • Gen Arthur MacArthur was forced to set up
    reconcentration camps resulting in thousands of
    deaths.

28
William H. Taft
  • 1st U.S. civilian gov. of Philippines.
  • Introduced reforms in education, transportation,
    and health care.
  • Lessened the Filipino hostility toward America.
  • April 1902, Philippines were granted independence.

29
Governing Puerto Rico
  • 1900 Foraker Act made Puerto Rico an
    unincorporated territory.
  • 1917 Puerto Ricans were made citizens of the
    U.S.
  • 1947 Island allowed to elect its own governor.

30
Cuba and the Platt Amendment
  • After the war, the U.S. set up a military
    government.
  • Platt Amendment (repealed in 1934)
  • Cuba couldnt make a treaty w/ another nation
    that would weaken its power or allow another
    foreign power to gain territory in Cuba.
  • Cuba had to allow the U.S. to buy or lease naval
    stations in Cuba.
  • Cubas debts had to be kept low to prevent
    foreign countries from landing troops to enforce
    payment.
  • U.S. would have the right to intervene to protect
    Cuban independence and keep order.

31
End of Section 2
  • Next Section 3
  • New American Diplomacy
About PowerShow.com