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What can Slovenia learn from abroad? Policies and practices in Europe

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What can Slovenia learn from abroad? Policies and practices in Europe Roger Spear Chair Co-ops Research Unit & ICA RC 6yrs Founder member of EMES network – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What can Slovenia learn from abroad? Policies and practices in Europe


1
What can Slovenia learn from abroad? Policies
and practices in Europe
  • Roger Spear
  • Chair Co-ops Research Unit ICA RC 6yrs
  • Founder member of EMES network
  • Joint Coordinator of Third System in Europe
    Project
  • Member Ciriec Scientific Commission on Social
    Economy
  • EMES Network Projects and Books
  • See www.emes.net
  • Social enterprise projects

2
Overview
  • Big picture trends big society, philanthropy,
    giving
  • Lessons from Social economy in Europe
  • Europe social economy policy
  • Beyond WISE Welfare Service provision
    Ecological Fairtrade.
  • Policy and support measures

3
Big picture trends
  • Big society - Cameron criticised "years and
    years of big government" taking away "more and
    more things that people should and could be doing
    for themselves. Feb2011
  • The UK Government will bolster the Big Society
    scheme with a series of new initiatives,
    including a 100m transition fund to help
    charities and social enterprises bid for new
    government contracts to provide services.

4
Big Society themes
  • Increased social responsibilities for individuals
    and families our ambition is for every adult in
    the country to be a member of an active community
    group
  • Localism power decentralised to the lowest
    possible level empowering communities to take
    over local amenities such as parks and libraries
    that are under threat
  • Greater responsibility for civil society and a
    focus social action projects a society where
    people come together to solve problems and
    improve life for themselves and their
    communities
  • A smaller national and local State with the
    consequent need for lower taxes and with State
    monopolies being broken.
  • Fostering a culture of philanthropy and
    voluntarism
  • Increased accountability of Government including
    a right to know and a right to data
  • Some greater sphere of activity being undertaken
    by the third sector and wider civil society our
    public service programme will enable social
    enterprises, charities and voluntary groups to
    play a leading role in delivering public services
    and tackling deep-rooted social problems Ref
    H Barnard, City University.

5
Philanthropy and Giving
  • Jeffrey Sachs recently noted that, the
    Rockefeller Foundation was the world's most
    important development institution of the 20th
    century, and the Gates Foundation can be that of
    the 21st century.
  • Philanthro-capitalism new attempts to help the
    great and the good do more for society.

6
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7
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8
Country Co-operatives FTE Mutual companies FTE Associations FTE TOTAL FTE FTE employment
Austria 52 373 7 325 173 964 233 662 8.08
Belgium 33 037 11 230 161 860 206 127 7.13
Denmark 78 160 p. m. 211 322 289 482 13.85
Finland 75 896 p. m. 62 684 138 580 8.18
France 293 627 91 200 830 000 1 214 827 6.81
Germany 448 074 130 860 1 281 927 1 860 861 6.46
Greece 11 861 884 56 025 68 770 3.31
Ireland 32 018 1 000 118 664 151 682 15.89
Italy 479 738 p. m. 667 230 1 146 968 8.23
Luxembourg 1 979 28 4 733 6 740 4.6
The Netherlands 109 000 p.m. 660 000 769 000 16.64
Portugal 48 750 1 042 60 892 110 684 3.50
Spain 403 233 1 425 473 750 878 408 9.97
Sweden 90 718 6 991 83 084 180 793 5.83
United Kingdom 127 575 22 387 1 473 000 1 622 962 8.42
TOTAL 2 286 039 274 372 6 319 135 8 879 546 7.92
9
Country Typology of organizations Size
Czech Republic Associations Co-operatives PBC Total 54,964 1,831 1,158 56,852
Estonia Associations and Societal Organizations Consumer/agricultural coops Housing co-ops/associations Total 12,000 200 8,000 20,200
Poland Associations and Foundations Co-operatives Social Integration Centres and Clubs Social Co-operatives Coops for the handicapped Vocational Centres for the Handicapped Total 52,000 10,585 135 30 350 25 63,125
Slovenia NP Societies and associations Companies for the disabled Co-operatives Private Not-for-profit Institutes Foundations Total 21,131 150 437 1000 176 22,894
10
EU policy for social economy
  • Overall view
  • contributing to efficient competition in the
    markets
  • potential for job creation and new forms of
    entrepreneurship and employment
  • being largely founded on membership-based
    activities
  • meeting new needs
  • favouring citizen participation and voluntary
    work
  • enhancing solidarity and cohesion
  • building social capital
  • contributing to the integration of the economies
    of the candidate countries.
  • (Toby Johnson)

11
Social Economy
  • CMAF co-ops, mutuals, associations,
    foundations/trusts
  • Fields
  • Advocacy
  • Self-help
  • Service Provision
  • Delivering welfare services e.g. welfare
    services, childcare, community services,
    regeneration
  • Providing employment for disadvantaged and
    disabled people
  • And sometimes mix of both
  • New sectors Ethical, fairtrade, eco-markets,
    microfinance, agro/eco-tourism etc

12
Ecological products/services
13
Community Devt Bromley by Bow Adult education,
Health promotion, Env design, Arts
14
Health
15
Welfare childcare, proximity services
16
Models No Need to Re-invent the wheel! Every
Country should have one
  • Homeless newspapers The Big Issue
  • Community Development
  • Homecare/Childcare social co-ops
  • Recycling Terre (unique TSO capacity to build on
    civil society initiatives)
  • Housing and housing-based services
  • Agro-tourism
  • Community energy (eg windfarms/turbines) CAT
  • Financial mutuals microcredit and credit unions

17
Principles of support
18
Institutional Framework Required for Social
Economy
  • legal framework which does not disadvantage SE
    compared to business organizations not
    over-restrictive or over-regulated, for flexible
    entrepreneurial activity.
  • fiscal measures social dimension of the
    activities carried out by SE supported.
  • Market access the same (financial, products and
    services) markets as SMEs, including public
    procurement markets
  • equitable institutional framework - business
    support, coherent policy frameworks
  • Intermediary bodies
  • to represent the interests of the sector with
    good government linkages
  • for financial and business support to increase
    the capacity and effectiveness of social economy.
  • Co-governance in policy process

19
Current development themes
  • Improving institutions and social economy
    capacity
  • Professional development SE managers
  • Developing Support structures development
    workers
  • Asset base transfers
  • Consorzi/groups
  • Franchises/replication
  • Specialist institutions social investment
  • Peer learning, mentoring and support
  • Good access to procurement markets
  • Measuring social value SORI

20
Some intermediary models
  • Consorzi model 10,000 Italian social co-ops
    late 1970s Initial social co-ops in Trieste 1981
    law proposed, but not passed till 1991 several
    hundred SCo-ops first consorzi (Brescia) 1984
    Federation CGM founded 1987 virtually no
    failures
  • Training good practice
  • School for social entrepreneurs Co-op colleges,
    etc
  • Federal/academic partnerships - specialist MBAs
  • Community business holding structure
  • Central development function separate community
    business
  • Supported Incubator/workshop model Randers, DK.

21
END
  • QUESTIONS?

22
Social Enterprise Legislation (Ref Roelants,
Cecop 2006)
  • Italy Social cooperative (1991 AB) 7000
  • Portugal Social solidarity cooperative (1996/8
    B) 500
  • Spain Social initiative cooperative (1999 AB)
  • Spain Work integration enterprise (2007)
  • Greece Limited liability social co-operative
    (1999 B mental health)
  • France Collective interest cooperative society
    (2002 A) 94
  • Poland Social cooperative (2006 B)
  • Belgium Social finality enterprise (1996
    All) 400
  • Finland Social enterprise (2004 B) 69
  • UK Community Interest Company (2004 All) 2000
  • Italy Social enterprise (2005/2006 All)
  • South Korea (2007 All) 214
  • Japan planned legislation South America?

23
UK Policy framework social enterprise
  • Create an enabling environment for social
    enterprise
  • Government role (interdept, enabling, direct
    support to 3rd)
  • Legal and regulatory issues
  • Public procurement
  • Make social enterprises better businesses
  • Business support and training
  • Finance and funding
  • Establish the value of social enterprise
  • Establish the knowledge base (research)
  • Recognise achievement and spread the word
  • Create trust social audit and quality metrics
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