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Integrating the National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library Into Undergraduate Science Education by Creating a Collaborative Learning Environment

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Title: Integrating the National Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology Education Digital Library Into Undergraduate Science Education by Creating a Collaborative Learning Environment


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Data From Tenopir King
  • 18,000 scientists and social scientists
  • 1977 to present
  • University and non-university workplaces
  • Mostly North America
  • Recent studies of Astronomers, Medical faculty,
    faculty and students at several universities

5
Three Types of Data
  • Demographic
  • Estimates of behavior
  • Details of last reading

6
Articles
can include those found in journal issues, Web
sites, or separate copies such as preprints,
reprints, and other electronic or paper copies.
7
Readings
going beyond the table of contents, title, and
abstract to the body of the article.
8
Average Articles Read per Scientist
www.dlib.org/dlib/october03/king/10king.html
Average number of articles read per scientist
Year of Studies
9
Scholarly Article Reading
Work Field Articles Read (Per Year) Time Spent (Hours) Time Per Article (Min)
Univ. Med. 322 118 22
Chemists 276 198 43
Life Scientists 239 104 26
Physicists 204 153 45
Soc Sci/Psych 191 121 38
Engineers 72 97 81
10
Average Annual Amount of Reading
11
Average Annual Amount of Time (Hours) Spent
Reading
(Hrs)
12
Purpose and Ranking of Importance University
Medical

Primary Research 29.9
Current Awareness 22.1
Teaching 16.9
Writing 11.7
Other Purpose 9.0
Background 6.5
Consulting/Advising 3.9

13
Average Number of Personal Subscriptions to
Scholarly Journals
14
Personal Subscriptions
  • All studies average 2.2
  • All UT science faculty average 3.8
  • Medical faculty average 6.3

15
Sources of Readings
21.4
36
42.9
49
35.7
15
15.6
Astronomers
Universities
22.1
62.3
Medical Faculty
16
Print or Electronic
20
37
63
80
25
Astronomers
Universities
75
Medical Faculty
17
Means of Learning About Articles Read
21
37
39
Astronomers
Universities
Medical Faculty
18
Format of Reading
Educational Degree Print Electronic
M.D., only 33 1
Ph.D., only 18 17
Both M.D. and Ph.D. 1 0
Neither degree 4 0
Total 56 18
19
Astronomy Articles Read per Month vs. Productivity
20
Awareness and Use of ADS by Productive PhD
Astronomers
21
Awareness and Use of ADS by not-Productive PhD
Astronomers
22
Average Time Spent Reading Per Article by
Astronomers
  • U.S. astronomers (n306) average 36 minutes
  • Non-U.S. astronomers (n83) average 43 minutes

23
Source of Reading by Astronomers
24
Tenopir and King, Communication Patterns of
Engineers, NY IEEE/Wiley, 2004
25
Use and Users of Electronic Library Resources An
Overview and Analysis of Recent Research Studies
www.clir.org/pub/reports/pub120/pub120.pdf
26
Patterns of Journal Use by Faculty at Three
Diverse Universities. October 2003 http//www.dli
b.org/dlib/october03/king/10king.html
27
Future Studies
  • Pediatricians
  • University faculty and students in Australia
  • University faculty and students in Finland
  • Scientists in Chile and Brazil
  • Tenopir King surveys also being replicated in
    Cuba and Argentina
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