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Everything You Wanted to Know about Online Teaching and Learning (but were afraid to ask)

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Everything You Wanted to Know about Online Teaching and Learning (but were afraid to ask) Dr. Dolores Burton, Chair, Teacher Education Dr. Sarah McPherson, Chair ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Everything You Wanted to Know about Online Teaching and Learning (but were afraid to ask)


1
Everything You Wanted to Know about Online
Teaching and Learning (but were afraid to ask)
  • Dr. Dolores Burton, Chair, Teacher Education
  • Dr. Sarah McPherson, Chair, Instructional
    Technology
  • Dr. Michael Uttendorfer, Dean

2
Some Common Questions about Online?
  • Are Online Course Enrollments Still Growing?
  • What Do We Know About Online Students?
  • What Do Online Students Want?
  • What Are the Success Rates?
  • What Skills Do Successful Online Students Need?
  • Whats Different About Teaching Online?

3
Common Questions (Cont)
  • How Much Time Does It Take?
  • Should I Use a Course Management System (CMS)
  • If You Build It Will They Come?
  • How Do You Retain Students Online?
  • How Do You Create a Community of Learners?
  • How Do You Supplement the Course With Your Own
    Material?

4
Are Online Course Enrollments Still Growing?
  • Yes. The evidence (from Sloan-C reports)
  • Over 3.9 million students were taking at least
    one online course during the fall 2007 term a 12
    percent increase over the number reported the
    previous year.
  • The 12.9 percent growth rate for online
    enrollments far exceeds the 1.2 percent growth of
    the overall higher education student population.
  • Over twenty percent of all U.S. higher education
    students were taking at least one online course
    in the fall of 2007.
  • In 2007-2008, 1.03 million U.S. students in K-12
    schools participated in online courses (up 47
    from the previous year)

5
What Do We Know About Online Students?
  • 75 were caring for dependents.
  • Half were working at jobs more than 30 hours per
    week.
  • Half were enrolled part-time compared with only
    10 of other students.
  • Online students were older (mean32) on average
    than on-campus students.
  • 63 of online students were first generation
    college compared with 42 of other students.
  • The majority of online students chose this format
    for reasons of convenience and being able to work
    at their own pace.
  • 2006 National Survey of Student Engagement

6
What Do Online Students Want?
  • Content that they feel is relevant to their needs
  • Clear directions for what the should do at every
    stage of the course
  • As much control of the pace of learning as
    possible
  • A means of drawing attention to individual
    concerns
  • Materials that are useful, active, and
    interesting
  • (Moore, 1998)

7
What Are the Success Rates?
  • Equal to or better than face-to-face classes
  • Why are some online course outcomes better?
  • Syllabi are often revisited and refreshed when
    moving from face-to-face to online formats
    (quality improves)
  • Online format fosters more independent learning
  • Instructor gives more attention to some students
    who might otherwise be ignored
  • Students schedule study time with less
    distractions, greater concentration
  • Students study and interact with anyone rather
    than just who they sit next to in class

8
What Skills Do Online Students Need?
  • A successful online learner should
  • be skilled in the use of online learning
    technologies, particularly communication and
    collaborative technologies.
  • have a strong academic self-concept and good
    interpersonal and communication skills.
  • have a basic understanding and appreciation of
    collaborative learning and develop competencies
    in related skills.
  • acquire self-directed learning skills through the
    deployment of time management and cognitive
    learning strategies.
  • (Dabbagh, 2007)

9
Whats Different About Teaching Online?
  • CONS
  • Theres a learning curve
  • Usually more time-consuming (at least initially)
  • You see less students face-to-face
  • Number of e-mails increases
  • More work must be done up-front
  • You spend a lot of time on the computer

10
Whats Different About Teaching Online?
  • PROS
  • Increased flexibility
  • Ability to teach from any location
  • Building a community of learners is possible!!
  • Can be equally rewarding and enjoyable as
    face-to-face
  • Number of students you can reach individually
    increases
  • Students can collaborate easier
  • Students have greater responsibility for their
    learning

11
Whats Different About Teaching Online?
  • PROS (Cont)
  • Assessments (such as homework quizzes) can be
    automatically graded, saving time
  • Mid-course corrects can be made based on feedback
  • You and your students have more time to think and
    research before answering questions
  • Technology use increases online (by necessity)
  • Supplemental and enrichment materials can be more
    timely and individually focused

12
How Much Time Does It Take?
  • Time required is greater than or equal to
    face-to-face classes
  • To minimize that
  • Dont reinvent the wheel. Use a Course
    Management System (CMS)
  • Share online material with other faculty in your
    department
  • Link to quality online resources instead of
    making your own
  • Discourage the use of e-mail AND
  • Encourage use of the discussion board
  • Build a FAQ section to respond to common questions

13
Should I Use a Course Management System (CMS)?
  • It does not makes sense to reinvent the wheel.
  • Using a CMS saves time and effort. It allows you
    to focus on good instruction instead of focusing
    on getting the materials online.
  • Check for available resources FREE from a variety
    of publishers pre-loaded with textbook-specific
    content and numerous features (e.g., course
    cartridges).
  • Some popular systems include Angel Learning,
    Blackboard, Desire2Learn, eCollege, Moodle and
    Sakai.

14
If You Build It, Will They Come?
  • Online programs/courses are no Field of Dreams.
  • Build it!
  • Publicize it!
  • Promote it!
  • Support it!
  • Evaluate it and Improve it!

15
How Do You Retain Online Students?
  • Build a Community of Learners
  • Your participation is key
  • Students will follow your lead
  • Require a student intro be posted the first week
  • Discourage other forms of communication and focus
    on the Discussion Board
  • Visit Discussion Board daily, before you open
    your e-mail, before you check voicemail
  • Thank students by name, acknowledge their
    involvement, provide positive reinforcement

16
How Do You Create a Community of Learners?
  • Reach Out at regular intervals to individual
    students
  • Send an email to all registered students before
    class begins
  • Send e-mail to all students 1-2 weeks after
    semester starts
  • Send e-mail 1-2 weeks later, to students with
    little or no activity, asking how you can help
  • Send e-mail before the Midterm, with study
    suggestions and wishing them luck
  • Send e-mail before drop deadline encouraging
    catch-up and offering help

17
How Do You Create a Community of Learners?
  • Encourage student-to-student interaction
  • Form groups
  • Homogeneous or random?
  • Assign peer-evaluated projects or papers
  • Praise students for helping each other (public
    acknowledgement on the Discussion Board or
    privately in an e-mail)
  • Choose a student or group of students to be in
    the hot seat for a question in the discussion
    board

18
How Do You Create a Community of Learners?
  • Post items that invite and encourage students to
    visit the Discussion Board, such as
  • Extra credit problems first-come, first-served
  • Hints to succeed in the class
  • Hot tips for studying for exams
  • Current articles or other items of interest
  • Comics, puzzles and cartoons
  • Helpful links

19
Supplement the Course with Your Own Material
  • Some suggested products
  • Microsoft PowerPoint
  • Screen capture programs like Camtasia and SnagIt
    at www.techsmith.com or Jing (www.jingproject.com)
  • Movie-making software like Movie Maker or
    PhotoStory plus a webcam, digital video cam, or
    your digital still camera and a microphone
  • Create a video in your own studio or a podcast
    from home
  • Use a Tablet PC to ink your lectures and review
    sessions
  • Include live web conferencing technology like
    Elluminate , DimDim or Adobe ConnectPro for
    instructional sessions, office hours or extra
    help.

20
References
  • Allen, I. Seaman, J. (2008). Staying the
    Course Online Education in the United States,
    2008. Available http//www.sloan-c.org/publicati
    ons/survey/pdf/staying_the_course.pdf
  • Dabbagh, N. (2007). The online learner
    Characteristics and pedagogical implications.
    Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher
    Education Online serial, 7(3). Available
    http//www.citejournal.org/vol7/iss3/general/artic
    le1.cfm
  • Moore, M. (1998). Introduction. In C. Gibson
    (Ed.), Distance Learners in Higher Education
    Institutional responses for quality outcomes.
    Madison, WI Atwood Publishing.
  • National Survey of Student Engagement (2006).
    Available http//www.assessment.ilstu.edu/activit
    ies_services/nsse.shtml
  • Picciano, A. Seaman, J. (2009). K-12 online
    learning. Available http//http//www.sloan-c.org
    /publications/survey/pdf/k-12_online_learning_2008
    .pdf

21
Other Questions?
  • Contact Us
  • Dolores Burton (dburton_at_nyit.edu)
  • Sarah McPherson (smcphers_at_nyit.edu)
  • Michael Uttendorfer (muttendo_at_nyit.edu)
  • Other Resources
  • Sloan-C (http//www.sloan-c.org)
  • NYSTC Online Academy (http//eeznt3.nyiteez.org/ol
    acatalog/)
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