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International Achievements in Women

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International Achievements in Women s Human Rights What they are and why they matter BUT WHAT ARE RIGHTS? You can t make me do that! Human rights are the rights a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: International Achievements in Women


1
International Achievements in Womens Human Rights
  • What they are and why they matter

2
I KNOW MY RIGHTS!
You cant make me do that!
  • BUT WHAT ARE RIGHTS?

3
What Are Human Rights?
  • Human rights are the rights a person has simply
    because he or she is a human bring. Human Rights
    are
  • Universal every human has them, no matter what
    race, age, language, sex, or social distinction
  • Inalienable you cannot lose them any more than
    you can cease being human
  • Indivisible you cannot be denied a right because
    it is less important or non-essential

4
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • Most important human rights document
  • Was written in 1948, following the horrific
    experiences of the Holocaust and World
    War II
  • Many people sought to create a document that
    prevent future human rights atrocities from
    taking place and to ensure a world in which every
    human has and knows their rights.
  • Fundamental consensus on what rights all human
    beings should have

5
Basic human rights
  • As articulated by the Universal Declaration for
    Human Rights

6
Equality
  • Everyone is entitled to all the rights and
    freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without
    distinction of any kind, such as race, color,
    sex, language, religion, political or other
    opinion, national or social origin, property,
    birth or other status.

7
Life
  • Everyone has the right to life, liberty and
    security of person

8
Freedom from Slavery and Torture
9
Freedom of expression, opinion, belief, and
religion.
10
But what about women?
  • Do they enjoy these basic human rights?

11
Private vs. Public Threat to Womens Human Rights
  • The pervasive division of life into "public" and
    "private" spheres has its roots in the desire to
    limit the jurisdiction of the government.
  • In many countries, this has meant that what
    individuals do in the "public" sphere is subject
    to regulation, while activities taking place in
    the "private" sphere are thought to be exempt
    from governmental scrutiny.
  • Human rights were traditionally seen as applied
    only to public sphere

12
Private vs. Public Threat to Womens Human Rights
  • Women have traditionally been relegated to the
    "private" sphere of the home and family
  • the typical citizen has been portrayed as male,
  • Thus the dominant notions of human rights have
    historically had men as the center
  • Women have been marginalized in the human rights
    discussion because they are seen outside the
    public sphere

13
Private vs. Public Threat to Womens Human Rights
  • Therefore, abuses done to women in the name of
    family, religion, and culture have been hidden by
    the sanctity of the so-called private sphere, and
    perpetrators of such human rights violations have
    enjoyed immunity from accountability for their
    actions.
  • Examples rape, wife murder, FGM, reproductive
    rights
  • Bottom line women have not historically not
    enjoyed their due human rights

14
What does it mean that Womens Rights are Human
Rights?
  • Its the revolutionary notion that women are
    human beings
  • It declares, quite simply, that as human beings
    women have human rights.
  • On the other hand, womens human rights is a
    revolutionary notion states that women can no
    longer be marginalized in the human rights
    discourse.

15
What are womens human rights?
  • Basic human rights for women
  • Equality before the law
  • Life
  • Freedom of expression, political participation,
    religion
  • Freedom from torture and slavery
  • Important womens human rights issues
  • Violence against women (esp. in conflict)
  • Equality under the law and at home

16
Womens Human Rights AchievementsThe UN
  • United Nations Decade for Women (1976-1985)
    women from many geographical, racial, religious,
    cultural, and class backgrounds took up
    organizing to improve the status of women.
  • The United Nations-sponsored women's conferences
    Mexico City(1975,) Copenhagen (1980,) and
    Nairobi(1985, )
  • convened to evaluate the status of women and to
    formulate strategies for women's advancement.

17
Womens Human Rights AchievementsThe UN
  • The UN issues more Conventions or international
    treaties regarding womens human rights for
    countries to sign
  • Convention on the Elimination of all forms of
    Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (1979)
  • Currently, 185 countries - over ninety percent of
    the members of the United Nations - are party to
    the Convention.
  • Declaration on the Elimination of Violence
    Against Women (1995)

18
Womens Human Rights AchievementsCivil Society
  • More civil society NGOs (Non-governmental
    organizations) take on the issue of womens human
    rights.

Ex Amnesty International once said that
violence against women is not a human rights
issue. Now they have a Stop Violence Against
Women Campaign.
19
More Womens Human Rights Organizations
20
Human Rights for Women Human Rights for All
  • Women play a vital role it fighting for
    realization of all human rights

21
This photograph was taken at a demonstration
against the White government, during the singing
of the ANC anthem, NKosiSikele Africa. At one
stage, NKosiSikele Africa was banned and singing
it publicly was a criminal offense. Today it is
the New South Africa's national anthem.
Women helped end apartheid in South Africa
22
Women fight for equal rights and democracy in Iran
23
Mary Robinson, Irelands first female president
  • Women bring peace to Northern Ireland

24
Threats to Womens Human Rights
  • religious or cultural fundamentalisms of
    different kinds
  • power of ultra-conservative forces within
    governments and their influence on foreign and
    domestic policies
  • backlashes in the media, judiciary, public
    opinion
  • an increase in violence, conflict and war

25
Its up to all of us to promote gender equality!
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