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HEALTH MAINTENANCE

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HEALTH MAINTENANCE Recommended Health Screenings Cancer: Breast, Testicular, Cervical, Skin Heart Disease: Blood pressure, Cholesterol Forms of Alternative Medicine ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HEALTH MAINTENANCE


1
HEALTH MAINTENANCE
2
Recommended Health Screenings
  • Cancer Breast, Testicular, Cervical, Skin
  • Heart Disease Blood pressure, Cholesterol

3
Forms of Alternative Medicine
  • Therapeutic Touch
  • Yoga, Meditation, Reiki, Tai Chi
  • Hypnosis
  • Herbs
  • Massage
  • Acupuncture

4
Benefits of Alternative Medicine
  • Increased circulation
  • Relaxation, Stress reduction
  • Decreased Blood pressure, pulse rate and
    breathing rate
  • Pain reduction

5
7 Main Components of Good Nutrition
  • Proteins, Carbohydrates, Fats
  • Vitamins and Minerals
  • Fiber
  • Water

6
Caloric Content per Gram
  • Protein 4
  • Carbohydrate 4
  • Fat - 9

7
Functions of Nutrients
  • Protein Build and Repair
  • Complete 9 essential amino acids
  • Incomplete some essential amino acids plus
    non-essential ones
  • Carbohydrate Immediate Energy
  • Fat Stored Energy and Vitamins

8
Fat and Cholesterol
  • Saturated Fat Solid at room temperature Tend
    to clog arteries
  • Unsaturated Liquid or Soft at room temperature
    Good Fat
  • LDL Bad cholesterol
  • HDL Good cholesterol

9
Water
  • About 65 of body mass
  • Need 6-8 glasses per day
  • Helps maintain electrolyte balance
  • Needed for chemical reactions
  • Aids digestion and waste removal

10
Water Imbalance
  • Dehydration Too little water
  • Symptoms Dry mouth, poor tugor
  • Edema Too much water
  • Symptoms Body pitting
  • Lungs rales

11
Common Diet Therapies
  • Allergies avoid allergen (wheat, milk, eggs and
    chocolate are common)
  • Anemia increase iron, Vit B 12
  • Cancer increase calories and vitamins A, C, D,
    E for tissue repair
  • Diabetes -reduce blood sugar
  • Heart Disease reduce cholesterol, calories and
    fat

12
Stress
  • Benefit motivation to do best
  • Consequences increased risk of
  • Colds/infection, heart disease, diabetes, high
    blood pressure, ulcers, allergies, asthma, cancer
    and autoimmune disorders

13
Stress Reduction
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat properly (avoid caffeine)
  • Get enough sleep
  • Set realistic goals
  • Seek help when needed

14
Heart Disease Risk Factors
  • Cannot be changed heredity, male, increasing age
  • Can be changed smoking, high BP and cholesterol,
    physical inactivity
  • Contributing factors diabetes, obesity, stress

15
Stroke Risk Factors
  • Age incidence doubles every 10 years past age
    55
  • Gender male and women who smoke or take oral
    contraceptives
  • Race African decent
  • Diabetes, Prior stroke, Heredity
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