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Using Context Clues to Predict the Meanings of Unfamiliar Words

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Using Context Clues to Predict the Meanings of Unfamiliar Words Time to Practice Overcrowding, fetid air, poor circulation, and lack of drainage created breeding ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Using Context Clues to Predict the Meanings of Unfamiliar Words


1
Using Context Clues to Predict the Meanings of
Unfamiliar Words
2
Strategies
  • How to figure out unfamiliar words
  • Look them up in the dictionary and find the
    definition that makes the most sense.
  • Use word parts (prefixes, root/base words,
    suffixes).
  • Use context clues.

3
Pre-Assessment Results
  • breadwinner (3 of 7)
  • magistrate (3 of 12)
  • skilly (0 of 5)
  • fetid (0 of 1)
  • typhus (4 of 4)
  • No one could list the six methods.
  • You rated your context clues skills as 3.27.

4
Gist (General Idea) Clue
  • Method
  • Look at other words and sentences around the
    unknown word for clues.
  • Then, use your general knowledge to put the clues
    together to figure out the unknown words
    meaning.
  • Example The wedding reception meal was a
    disaster. The potatoes were too briny, and the
    punch was too sour to quench my thirst.
  • Definition of briny salty

5
Unfamiliar Words
Word Sentence What I think it means Clues that helped me Dictionary Definition
breadwinner Ordinarily, a family applied to enter the workhouse when the chief breadwinner was sick or injured, and all other resources had been exhausted. The primary person who works to earn money for a family family chief workhouse sick or injured
a person who earns a livelihood, especially one
who also supports dependents
6
Unfamiliar Words
Word Sentence What I think it means Clues that helped me Dictionary Definition
magistrate He was arrested, taken before the magistrate the next day, and committed to 14 days hard labor for the crime of attempting to feed his children. Judge or court official arrested taken before crime
a public officer concerned with the
administration of law
7
Unfamiliar Words
Word Sentence What I think it means Clues that helped me Dictionary Definition
skilly One dish was skilly, a foul concoction of cornmeal boiled in water. A nasty soup-like mixture made from cornmeal foul dish concoction cornmeal boiled water
a thin soup or gruel or porridge
8
Six Types of Context Clues
  • Triple C RED

C comparison (synonym) C contrast (antonym) C
cause and effect R restatement E example D
definition
9
Six Types of Context Clues
  • Triple C RED

C comparison (synonym) C contrast (antonym) C
cause and effect R restatement E example D
definition
10
Comparison (Synonym) Clue
  • Suggests the meaning of the word by telling what
    it is like

11
Comparison (Synonym) Clue
  • Signal words like, as, similar to, not unlike,
    resembling, reminiscent, similarly
  • Punctuation none
  • Example Like the chirps from a bird, the
    sopranos notes twittered above the orchestra.
  • Definition of twittered to utter a succession
    of small, tremulous (quivering trembling)
    sounds, as a bird

12
Six Types of Context Clues
  • Triple C RED

C comparison (synonym) C contrast (antonym) C
cause and effect R restatement E example D
definition
13
Contrast (Antonym) Clue
  • Suggests the meaning of the word by describing
    what it is unlike

14
Contrast (Antonym) Clue
  • Signal words unlike, but, in contrast to,
    different from, instead, on the other hand,
    except for
  • Punctuation none
  • Example When faced with last minute changes, Tom
    is flexible, but Li is doctrinaire and wont
    accept them.
  • Definition of doctrinaire unyielding,
    inflexible, rigid

15
Six Types of Context Clues
  • Triple C RED

C comparison (synonym) C contrast (antonym) C
cause and effect R restatement E example D
definition
16
Cause and Effect Clue
  • Describes the cause or effect related to the word

17
Cause and Effect Clue
  • Signal words since, because, so, as a result,
    due to, thus
  • Punctuation
  • Comma ,
  • Colon
  • Example Because Gary looked so sullen, we asked
    how we might improve his mood.
  • Definition of sullen showing irritation or ill
    humor by a gloomy silence

18
Six Types of Context Clues
  • Triple C RED

C comparison (synonym) C contrast (antonym) C
cause and effect R restatement E example D
definition
19
Restatement Clue
  • Restates the meaning of the word in easier
    language

20
Restatement Clue
  • Signal words is, are, meaning, in other words
  • Punctuation Comma , Dash Parentheses ( ) Colon
  • Example The business downturn of the Great
    Depression was pervasiveit affected all sectors
    of the economy.
  • Definition of pervasive spread throughout,
    widespread

21
Six Types of Context Clues
  • Triple C RED

C comparison (synonym) C contrast (antonym) C
cause and effect R restatement E example D
definition
22
Example Clue
  • Suggests a word meaning with one or more examples

23
Example Clue
  • Signal words such as, especially, like, for
    instance, for example, including
  • Punctuation
  • Dash
  • Colon
  • Example At the old house, signs of dilapidation
    included a sagging porch, broken windows, and
    flaking paint.
  • Definition of dilapidation disrepair or ruin,
    shabbiness

24
Six Types of Context Clues
  • Triple C RED

C comparison (synonym) C contrast (antonym) C
cause and effect R restatement E example D
definition
25
Definition (Explanation) Clue
  • Directly tells the meaning of the word in the
    sentence

26
Definition (Explanation) Clue
  • Signal words this means, that is, or, also,
    known as , also called, defined as
  • Punctuation
  • Comma ,
  • Dash
  • Example Nanotechnology, or the process of
    creating microminiature equipment by manipulating
    atoms and molecules, is fascinating.
  • Definition of nanotechnology process of
    creating microminiature equipment by manipulating
    atoms and molecules

27
Six Types of Context Clues
  • Triple C RED

C comparison (synonym) C contrast (antonym) C
cause and effect R restatement E example D
definition
28
Unfamiliar Words
Word Sentence What I think it means Clues that helped me Dictionary Definition
bread-winner Ordinarily, a family applied to enter the workhouse when the chief breadwinner was sick or injured, and all other resources had been exhausted. The primary person who works to earn money for a family family chief workhouse sick or injured a person who earns a livelihood, especially one who also supports dependents
Which of the six context clues methods (Triple C
RED) and/or gist was used to determine the
meaning of breadwinner?
29
Unfamiliar Words
Word Sentence What I think it means Clues that helped me Dictionary Definition Type of context clues Comparison Contrast Cause /effect Restatement Example Definition Gist
bread-winner Ordinarily, a family applied to enter the workhouse when the chief breadwinner was sick or injured, and all other resources had been exhausted. The primary person who works to earn money for a family family chief workhouse sick or injured a person who earns a livelihood, especially one who also supports dependents Cause / effect Gist
30
Unfamiliar Words
Word Sentence What I think it means Clues that helped me Dictionary Definition
magistrate He was arrested, taken before the magistrate the next day, and committed to 14 days hard labor for the crime of attempting to feed his children. Judge or court official arrested taken before crime a public officer concerned with the administration of law
Which of the six context clues methods (Triple C
RED) and/or gist was used to determine the
meaning of magistrate?
31
Unfamiliar Words
Word Sentence What I think it means Clues that helped me Dictionary Definition Type of context clues Comparison Contrast Cause /effect Restatement Example Definition Gist
magistrate He was arrested, taken before the magistrate the next day, and committed to 14 days hard labor for the crime of attempting to feed his children. Judge or court official arrested taken before crime a public officer concerned with the administration of law Cause / effect Gist
32
Unfamiliar Words
Word Sentence What I think it means Clues that helped me Dictionary Definition
skilly One dish was skilly, a foul concoction of cornmeal boiled in water. A nasty soup-like mixture made from cornmeal foul dish concoction cornmeal boiled water
a thin soup or gruel or porridge
Which of the six context clues methods (Triple C
RED) and/or gist was used to determine the
meaning of skilly?
33
Unfamiliar Words
Word Sentence What I think it means Clues that helped me Dictionary Definition Type of context clues Comparison Contrast Cause /effect Restatement Example Definition Gist
skilly One dish was skilly, a foul concoction of cornmeal boiled in water. A nasty soup-like mixture made from cornmeal foul dish concoction cornmeal boiled water definition
a thin soup or gruel or porridge
34
Time to Practice
  • Overcrowding, fetid air, poor circulation, and
    lack of drainage created breeding grounds for
    diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and typhus.

Word What I think it means Clues that helped me Type of context clues Comparison Contrast Cause /effect Restatement Example Definition Gist
fetid
typhus
35
What type of context clue can you use?
  • p. 653 The common welfare was my business
    charity, mercy, forbearance, benevolence, were,
    all, my business.
  • What is the meaning of forbearance?

Definition patience leniency
Which context clue type did you use?
Comparison (synonym)
36
What type of context clue can you use?
  • p. 673 I aint so fond of his company that Id
    loiter about him for such things.
  • What is the meaning of loiter?

Definition hang around
Which context clue type did you use?
Cause and effect
37
Six Types of Context Clues
  • Triple C RED

C comparison (synonym) C contrast (antonym) C
cause and effect R restatement E example D
definition
When Triple C RED doesnt work, try to find the
gist (general idea).
38
Using Gist (General Idea) Clues
  • p. 645 - I present him to you Ebenezer
    ScroogeEnglands most tightfisted hand at the
    grindstone. Scrooge! A squeezing, wrenching,
    grasping, clutching, covetous, old sinner!
  • What does covetous mean?

greedy envious
39
Using Gist (General Idea) Clues
  • p. 645 The cold within him freezes his old
    features, nips his pointed nose, shrivels his
    cheek, stiffens his gait makes his eyes red, his
    thin lips blue and speaks out shrewdly in his
    grating voice.
  • What is the meaning of (a) shrewdly and (b)
    grating?
  1. sharply piercingly
  1. harsh rasping

40
Time to Practice
  • Overcrowding, fetid air, poor circulation, and
    lack of drainage created breeding grounds for
    diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and typhus.

Word Actual Definition Clues that helped me Type of context clues Comparison Contrast Cause /effect Restatement Example Definition Gist
fetid having an offensive odor stinking overcrowding poor circulation lack of draining diseases commas cause / effect comparison gist
typhus an acute infectious disease characterized by high fever, skin rash, and severe headache diseases such as commas example

41
Exit Slip (Post-Assessment)
  • On the back of the index card
  • List the six context clues types.
  • If these six dont work, use ________.
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