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End of WWI

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Weimar Republic signs armistice & Versailles Treaty = blamed for accepting defeat IV. Paris Peace Conference 27 nations (no Germany or Russia) Big Four Lloyd ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: End of WWI


1
End of WWI The Peace Settlements
2
I. Important Dates
  • Armistice
  • 11/11/1918 _at_ 11 a.m.
  • Paris Peace Conference
  • January 1919

3
II. What factors contributed to the end of WWI?
  • war weariness
  • strikes in Germany
  • Russian Revolution
  • US entry
  • 2nd Battle of the Marne

4
III. What happened in the German Revolution of
1918?
  • Events
  • July 1917 moderates pass peace resolution
  • July 1918 2nd Battle of the Marne
  • Oct kaiser forms new govt. to sue for peace
  • Nov working class / army revolts ?

German Empire Kaiser Wilhelm II
overthrow kaiser establish Weimar
Republic (Nov. 9)
Weimar Republic Friedrich Ebert
5
III. What happened in the German Revolution of
1918?
  • Who gained power
  • liberals socialists Social Democrats
  • communists unsuccessful

Friedrich Ebert
Karl Liebknecht
Rosa Luxemburg
6
III. How will the German Revolution of 1918 open
the door for Hitler?
  • Weimar Republic signs armistice Versailles
    Treaty blamed for accepting defeat

7
IV. Paris Peace Conference
  • 27 nations (no Germany or Russia)
  • Big Four
  • Lloyd George (GB)
  • Clemenceau (Fr)
  • Wilson (US)
  • Orlando (It)

Lloyd George, Orlando, Clemenceau, Wilson
8
IV. Paris Peace Conference
  • Agendas of the Big Three
  • Wilson just peace
  • 14 Points self-determination League of Nations
  • Lloyd George moderate peace
  • voter pressure for harsh peace
  • Clemenceau harsh peace
  • Franco-Prussian War (1871) harsh peace

9
IV. Paris Peace Conference
  • 5 treaties
  • Versailles (Germany)
  • St. Germain (Austria)
  • Trianon (Hungary)
  • Sèvres, 1920 / Lausanne, 1923 (Turkey)
  • Neuilly (Bulgaria)
  • 2 main issues
  • territorial changes based on self-determination
  • reparations

10
V. Treaty of Versailles (28 June 1919)
  • Terms
  • ? military
  • ? land
  • war guilt
  • reparations (33b)
  • US did not ratify
  • Henry Cabot Lodge
  • League of Nations

11
VI. Postwar Territorial Changes
Germany
12
(No Transcript)
13
  • Which countries in Europe were born out of WWI?
  • Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia
  • Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Finland,
    Bessarabia (Moldova)

14
  • Which countries in the ME were born out of WWI?
  • Lebanon, Syria (France)
  • Palestine, Transjordan, Iraq (GB)
  • Turkey (ind.)

15
  • League of Nations Mandates
  • (Middle East Africa)
  • French Mandate of Syria
  • French Mandate of Lebanon
  • British Mandate of Palestine
  • British Mandate of Transjordan
  • British Mandate of Iraq
  • British Togoland
  • French Togoland
  • British Cameroon
  • French Cameroon
  • Ruanda-Urundi
  • Tanganyika
  • South-West Africa

16
  • Was the Versailles Treaty a just peace????
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