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Political Parties

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Geographic Region White Southerners in the Bible Belt are more likely to be Republican. Political Ideology: Demographics Political Ideology: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political Parties


1
Chapter 16
  • Political Parties

2
Liberal Conservative
  • Left Right

3
Political Spectrum
4
Political Ideology Liberalism
  • What is a Liberal? (The Left)
  • Supports active federal government in promoting
    individual welfare and supporting civil rights,
    and accepts peaceful political social change
    within the existing political system

5
Political Ideology Conservatism
  • What is a Conservative? (The Right)
  • Promotes a limited government role in helping
    individuals economically, supports traditional
    values and lifestyles, favors a more active role
    for government in promoting national security,
    and approaches change cautiously

6
General Characteristics
  • Liberal
  • People are basically good
  • Progressive
  • Personal freedom/choice
  • Interested in social issues/programs
  • Economic equality
  • Advocates government involvement
  • Permissive
  • Community responsibility
  • Not so religious
  • Spirit of the Law
  • Conservative
  • People are flawed
  • Hold to traditional values
  • Promotes self-reliance
  • Interested in business/entrepreneurship
  • Advocates less government involvement
  • Prescriptive
  • Individual responsibility
  • Religious
  • Letter of the Law

7
Where do your beliefs come from?
8
Factors that affect political attitudes
  • 1. Family
  • The majority of young people identify with their
    parents political party
  • 2. Religion
  • Unreligious people, Catholics, and Jews are more
    likely to be democrats than traditional
    Protestants.
  • Christian Coalition- activists closely linked to
    Republican party (conservative)
  • 3. Gender
  • Men are more likely to be republicans.
  • Why? Men are more conservative in their social
    views
  • 4. Education
  • College graduates are more likely to be democrats
  • Why? Professors are known to be extremely liberal

9
Factors that affect political attitudes
  • 5. Occupation/Social Class
  • Blue collar workers tend to be democrats
  • Business owners/Professionals tend to be
    Republican
  • 6. Race/Ethnicity
  • African Americans are overwhelmingly democrat (80
    - 90)
  • Latinos are usually Democrat (except for Cubans)
  • Asians are usually Republican
  • 7. Age
  • Young people are more likely to be Democrats
  • 8. Geographic Region
  • White Southerners in the Bible Belt are more
    likely to be Republican.

10
Political Ideology Demographics
11
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Representative Party
  • Liberal
  • Democratic Party
  • Conservative
  • Republican Party

12
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Role of Government
  • Liberals
  • Big national government
  • More government involvement
  • Provide for poor/disadvantaged
  • Conservatives
  • Small national government
  • Less government involvement
  • Stay out of the way of citizens

Bill Clinton
Ronald Reagan
13
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Personal Responsibility
  • Liberals
  • Believe government sometimes needs to protect us
    from ourselves
  • Conservatives
  • Believe people are responsible for their own
    misfortune
  • Should not rely on government for handouts

14
Gun Control
15
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Gun Control
  • Liberals
  • Guns kill people
  • Government should restrict ownership and use of
    firearms to protect citizens
  • Gun owners are not always responsible and hurt
    others
  • Conservatives
  • Right to bear arms is a constitutional right
  • People should make their own choices about
    responsible gun ownership
  • More guns less crime

16
Abortion
17
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Abortion
  • Liberals
  • Pro Choice (For)
  • Conservative
  • Pro Life (Against)

18
Death Penalty
19
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Death Penalty
  • Liberals
  • Against it (Anti)
  • Would like to see it banned by the national
    government
  • Conservatives
  • For it (Pro)
  • Eye for an eye

20
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Religion
  • Liberals
  • Want to keep clear and strict separation of
    church and state
  • No religion in government policy
  • Conservatives
  • Would like to implement more religion into
    government policy
  • Views largely based on religion

21
War
22
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatism Foreign Relations
  • Liberals
  • (Doves)
  • Negotiate first
  • If U.S. in imminent danger, take action with
    allied support after all alternatives have been
    rejected
  • Conservative
  • (Hawks)
  • Negotiate first
  • If U.S. is in imminent danger, take pre-emptive
    action, even if allies do not support us

23
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Same Sex Marriage
  • Liberals
  • Believe it should be legal
  • Not a moral issue, but an equality issue and it
    is protected by the Constitution
  • Conservatives
  • Believe it should not be legal
  • Support a Constitutional Amendment to define
    marriage
  • Is a moral issue tied to religion

24
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Attitude Towards Criminals
  • Conservatives
  • Want rights of victims protected first and
    foremost
  • Not concerned with why person committed crime
  • Liberals
  • Want rights of accused protected first and
    foremost
  • Interested in finding out why person committed
    crime

25
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Taxes and Social Spending
  • Liberals
  • Should be increased
  • Used to support social programs in the states
    like
  • Welfare
  • Medicaid and Medicare
  • Homeless shelters
  • Free clinics
  • Shelters for battered women
  • Soup kitchens
  • Conservatives
  • Should be decreased
  • Social programs in the states should be supported
    through charities state taxes
  • Trickle Down Economics

26
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Business
  • Liberal
  • Some government regulation of business needed
  • Agrees with the following
  • Affirmative Action
  • Labor Unions
  • Conservative
  • Little government regulation
  • Pro Business
  • Does not agree with the following
  • Affirmative Action
  • Labor Unions

27
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Health Care
  • Liberals
  • Should be 100 provided by the national government
  • Conservatives
  • Should continue to be de-regulated and left in
    the hands of independent, competing health care
    providers

28
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Defense Spending
  • Conservative
  • Should increase/maintain
  • Important to maintain strength through
  • power
  • Liberals
  • Should be decreased
  • Use savings for more social spending

29
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Minimum Wage
  • Liberals
  • For it would like to see it increased
  • Believe national government should set it to
    protect workers
  • Conservatives
  • Against it would like to see it end
  • Believe it is too much regulation on business

30
Political Ideology Liberals vs.
Conservatives Social Security
  • Liberals
  • Believe it should be left in the hands of the
    federal government
  • Conservatives
  • Believe it should be privatized
  • Allow people to save for their own retirement

31
Where do you stand?
32
Politopia Self-Quiz
  • www.politopia.com
  • Liberal and conservative viewpoints

33
Conservative eye..
34
If the other party wins
35
Libertarians vs. Populists
  • Most people dont classify themselves as ALL
    conservative or ALL liberal
  • Libertarians
  • Economically conservative, but socially liberal
    (personal and economic freedom)
  • Ex Against government spending and against the
    death penalty
  • Populists
  • Economically liberal, but socially conservative
    (personal and economic control)
  • Ex Wants Universal Healthcare, but against gay
    rights

36
Ron Swanson - Libertarian
37
Political Viewpoints
38
Personal Poster Assignment
  • Using your notes and the textbook create a
    mini-poster about your own personal political
    beliefs.
  • Use more symbols than words
  • Use at least 4 colors
  • Use the whole paper be creative
  • Make sure that it is school appropriate
  • Be sure that your name is somewhere on your
    poster.
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