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ADMINISTRATIVE DOCTRINES: FROM THE NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT TO GOOD GOVERNANCE

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ADMINISTRATIVE DOCTRINES: FROM THE NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT TO GOOD GOVERNANCE Unit 9 Abbreviations IMF International Monetary Fund WB World Bank Translation Suvremeni ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ADMINISTRATIVE DOCTRINES: FROM THE NEW PUBLIC MANAGEMENT TO GOOD GOVERNANCE


1
ADMINISTRATIVE DOCTRINES FROM THE NEW PUBLIC
MANAGEMENT TO GOOD GOVERNANCE
  • Unit 9

2
Preview
  • New Public Management definition,
    characteristics, problems
  • Good Governance definition, characteristics
  • Legal terms

3
ADMINISTRATIVE DOCTRINES
  • New public management
  • Good governance

4
New public management definition
  • A management philosophy used by governments since
    the 1980s to modernise the public sector.
  • The wave of public sector reforms throughout the
    world since the 1980s.

5
New Public Management
  • The main hypothesis more market orientation in
    the public sector will lead to greater
    cost-efficiency for governments, without having
    negative side effects on other objectives and
    considerations

6
New Public Management
  • NPM, compared to other public management
    theories, is more oriented towards outcomes and
    efficiency through better management of public
    budget.

7
New Public Management
  • achieved by applying competition, as it is known
    in the private sector, to organizations in the
    public sector, emphasizing economic and
    leadership principles.
  • addresses beneficiaries of public services like
    customers, and citizens as shareholders.

8
Characteristics of NPM
  • Orientation towards economy, efficiency and
    effectiveness
  • Market principles
  • Effort to impose values and techniques of private
    sector management into the public sector

9
Managerial reforms of public administration
  • Structural
  • Functional
  • Personnel oriented
  • Others (financial, political, social etc.)

10
The new public management
  • New Zealand, the UK, Australia, Canada, the USA
  • International organizations World Bank,
    International Monetary Fund

11
Problems
  • Muddled lines of political accountability
  • Poor contacts with the public
  • Decreased transparency
  • Corruption
  • Additional expenses
  • Neglect of citizens rights, etc.

12
Good governance definition
  • Governance process of decision-making and the
    process by which decisions are implemented (or
    not implemented).

13
Good governance
  • public institutions conduct public affairs,
    manage public resources, and guarantee the
    realization of human rights in a manner
    essentially free of abuse and corruption, and
    with due regard for the rule of law

14
Good governance
  • Openess
  • Participation
  • Responsibility
  • Effectiveness
  • coherency

15
Characteristics of good governance
16
Participation
  • Participation informed and organized.
  • Freedom of association and expression an
    organized civil society

17
Rule of law
  • Good governance requires fair legal frameworks
    that are enforced impartially. It also requires
    full protection of human rights, particularly
    those of minorities. Impartial enforcement of
    laws requires an independent judiciary and an
    impartial and incorruptible police force.

18
Transparency
  • Decisions taken and their enforcement done in a
    manner that follows rules and regulations.

19
Transparency
  • information is freely available and directly
    accessible to those who will be affected by such
    decisions and their enforcement.
  • enough information provided it is provided in
    easily understandable forms and media.

20
Responsiveness
  • Good governance requires that institutions and
    processes try to serve all stakeholders within a
    reasonable timeframe.

21
Consensus oriented
  • Good governance requires mediation of the
    different interests in society to reach a broad
    consensus in society on what is in the best
    interest of the whole community and how this can
    be achieved.

22
Good governance
  • requires a broad and long-term perspective on
    what is needed for sustainable human development
    and how to achieve the goals of such development.
    This can only result from an understanding of the
    historical, cultural and social contexts of a
    given society or community

23
Equity and inclusiveness
  • A societys well-being depends on ensuring that
    all its members feel that they have a stake in it
    and do not feel excluded from the mainstream of
    society.

24
Equity and inclusiveness
  • This requires all groups, but particularly the
    most vulnerable, have opportunities to improve or
    maintain their well-being.

25
Efectiveness and efficiency
  • processes and institutions should produce results
    that meet the needs of society while making the
    best use of resources at their disposal.

26
Efectiveness and efficiency
  • The concept of efficiency in the context of good
    governance also covers the sustainable use of
    natural resources and the protection of the
    environment.

27
Accountability
  • Accountability - key requirement of good
    governance.
  • Not only governmental institutions but also the
    private sector and civil society organizations
    must be accountable to the public and to their
    institutional stakeholders.

28
Accountability
  • An organization or an institution is accountable
    to those who will be affected by its decisions or
    actions. Accountability cannot be enforced
    without transparency and the rule of law.

29
Focus
  • The role of citizens and civil society
  • Transparency
  • Legitimacy
  • Efficiency
  • Human and citizens rights

30
Focus
  • The rule of law
  • Better quality of public services
  • Modern information and communication technologies
  • Better human resources management

31
Citizens
  • Partners who contribute to results of activities
    in public administration
  • Should be informed and consulted
  • Participate in the creation of public policies
    and administrative and other public processes

32
Legal terms
  • Coherency
  • Dosljednost, razumljivost, povezanost
  • Legitimacy
  • Zakonitost

33
Abbreviations
  • UN
  • United Nations
  • EU
  • European Union
  • OECD
  • Organisation for Economic Cooperation and
    Development

34
Abbreviations
  • IMF
  • International Monetary Fund
  • WB
  • World Bank

35
Translation
  • Suvremeni razvoj uprave karakteriziraju dvije
    utjecajne doktrine nov javni management i dobro
    upravljanje.

36
Translation
  • Doktrina novog javnog menadžmenta vrlo je
    utjecajna od 1980. Karakterizira je orijentacija
    prema ekonomiji, uspješnosti i ucinkovitosti,
    nastojanja da se državna uprava i javni sektor
    podvrgnu tržišnim nacelima metodama koje
    razvijaju poduzetnicko ponašanje, te, opcenito,
    nastojanjem da se vecina vrijednosti i tehnika
    upravljanja privatnim sektorom nametne javnom
    sektoru.

37
Translation
  • Mjere i ucinci menadžerskih reformi javne uprave
    su strukturalni, funkcionalni, usmjereni prema
    osoblju i drugi (financijski, politicki,
    usmjereni prema osoblju itd.)

38
Translation
  • Nova javna uprava široko je prihvacena na Novom
    Zelandu, Ujedinjenom kraljevstvu, Australiji,
    Kanadi i SAD-u. Menadžerski pristup proširio se u
    Europi i drugim kontinentima razlicitom brzinom i
    u razlicitom stupnju. Medunarodne organizacije
    kao Svjetska banka i Medunarodni monetarni fond
    zagovaraju menadžerski pristup.

39
Translation
  • No, od 1990-ih godina primjecuju se i neki
    nepovoljni ucinci minimalizirajucih i tržištu
    usmjerenih reformi javne uprave. Nejasne linije
    politicke odgovornosti, loši kontakti s javnošcu,
    smanjena transparentnost, korupcija, dodatni
    troškovi, ponovno jacanje regulacije,
    zanemarivanje prava gradana neki su od njih.

40
Translation
  • Pod tim uvjetima, UN, EU, OECD, Medunarodni
    monetarni fond i Svjetska banka poceli su
    zagovarati dobro upravljanje.

41
Translation
  • Medu nacelima dobre uprave, EU naglašava
    otvorenost, sudjelovanje, uspješnost i
    razumljivost. Nova doktrinarna orijentacija
    naglašava ulogu gradana i civilnog društva,
    transparentnost, legitimitet, ucinkovitost,
    ljudska i gradanska prava, pravnu državu, bolju
    kvalitetu javnih službi, uvodenje moderne
    informacijske i komunikacijske tehnologije i
    bolje upravljanje ljudskim resursima.

42
Translation
  • Gradani se smatraju partnerima koji znacajno
    pridonose krajnjim rezultatima aktivnosti javne
    uprave. Gradane treba informirati i konzultirati,
    moraju sudjelovati u stvaranju javne politike i
    upravnim i drugim javnim procesima.
  • Sve u svemu, dobro upravljanje jekombinacija
    demokratskog i ucinkovitog upravljanja
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