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DEPARTMENT OF PESTICIDE REGULATION:

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The PHAER Zone System Pesticide Hazard And Exposure Reduction California Sustainability Conference August 1 Phil Boise Urban Ag Ecology Gaviota CA – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: DEPARTMENT OF PESTICIDE REGULATION:


1
The PHAER Zone System Pesticide Hazard And
Exposure Reduction
California Sustainability Conference August 1
Phil Boise Urban Ag Ecology Gaviota
CA Ken Brown City of Santa
Barbara Parks
2
The UC Project Management Institute is a
Registered Provider with The American Institute
of Architects Continuing Education Systems.
Credit earned on completion of this program will
be reported to CES Records for AIA members.
Certificates of Completion for non-AIA members
are available upon request (emily.montan_at_ucop.edu)
. This program is registered with the AIA-CES
for continuing professional education. As such,
it does not include content that may be deemed or
construed to be an approval or endorsement by the
AIA of any material of construction or any method
or manner of handling, using, distributing, or
dealing in any material or product. Questions
related to specific materials, methods and
services will be addressed at the conclusion of
this presentation.
This is the first slide
3
Phil Boise Urban-Ag Ecology
  • IPM
  • Rangeland / Watershed Stewardship
  • Training
  • School / Park Consultant
  • Regional IPM Coalition
  • US EPA, CA Department of Pesticide Regulation
  • CA School IPM Advisory Committee
  • DPR School IPM Training
  • Green Gardener Certification Program
  • Green Child Care Program
  • County Department of Ag.
  • Licensed Pest Control Advisor
  • Farm Manager

Innovate-Collaborate-Demonstrate-Educate
4
Integrated Pest Management Integrated pest
management (IPM) is an ecosystem-based strategy
that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or
their damage through a combination of techniques
such as biological control, habitat manipulation,
modification of cultural practices, and use of
resistant varieties. Pesticides are used only
after monitoring indicates they are needed
according to established guidelines, and
treatments are made with the goal of removing
only the target organism. Pest control materials
are selected and applied in a manner that
minimizes risks to human health, beneficial and
nontarget organisms, and the environment.
UC Integrated Pest Management
Program (UC IPM)
Define IPM
5
Integrated Pest Management
  • IPM defines the process of controlling pests
  • Physical
  • Mechanical
  • Cultural
  • Biological
  • Educational
  • Chemical
  • Inspections
  • Monitoring
  • Structural improvement

6
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7
Integrated Pest Management
  • IPM does
  • Define the steps to solving pest problems with
    the least risk
  • IPM does not
  • Set risk reduction goals and measure progress
  • Communicate pesticide hazard or stewardship to
    public
  • IPM is Process based
  • PHAER is Results based

8
PHAER Zone Goal
  • Human and environmental exposure

9
What Is Risk?
Risk Exposure X Hazard
10
Children and Pesticides
  • Exposure to herbicides (weed killers) linked to a
    459 increase in childhood asthma.
  • Exposure to lawn and garden pesticides associated
    with an approximate 40 increased risk in
    developing cancer
  • Exposure to pesticides demonstrate
  • an inhibited ability to learn
  • decreased stamina
  • problems with gross and fine eye-hand
    coordination and 30-minute memory
  • reduced thyroid hormone levels

11
Childrens Safety, Health Wellness
  • Asthma, bronchitis, autism, cancers are
    increasing
  • Asthma alone accounts for 14 million lost school
    days annually.
  • An estimated 3.2 billion is spent every year to
    treat asthma in children under 18 years old.

12
Pesticide
  • Any substance, or mixture of substances, used
    for defoliating plants, regulating plant growth,
    or for preventing, destroying, repelling, or
    mitigating any pest, which may be detrimental to
    vegetation, humans, or animals.

13
Are All Pesticides Hazardous?
  • Vegetable Oil (Soybean Oil and/or Canola Oil),
    Water,
  • Vinegar, Romano Cheese (Pasteurized Milk, Cheese
    Cultures, Salt, Enzymes),
  • Salt, Contains 2 or Less of
  • Garlic Powder, Sugar, Spices, Barley Malt
    Extract, Anchovies,
  • Citric Acid, Hydrolyzed Soy Protein, Xanthan Gum,
    Paprika,
  • Molasses,
  • Corn Syrup, Caramel Color,
  • Onion Powder, Tamarind, Natural Flavor

14
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15
Collaborators
  • Cal. Dept. Pesticide Regulation
  • US EPA / National Foundation for IPM Education
  • City of Santa Barbara
  • Santa Monica Parks
  • Ventura City Parks
  • County of Santa Barbara Parks
  • Santa Maria Parks
  • San Francisco Parks
  • Ventura Unified School District
  • Santa Barbara City College
  • UC Santa Barbara Maintenance Department
  • Californians for Pesticide Reform
  • UC IPM program

16
GREEN Zones
  • Areas of greatest sensitivity
  • Managed with Green Materials

17
GREEN Materials
  • 27 Data Points
  • Government Data
  • HUMAN HAZARD CHRONIC
  • Cancer (known, likely, probable, possible)
  • Endocrine disruptors
  • Reproductive toxicants
  • HUMAN HAZARD ACUTE
  • Oral, dermal, ocular

18
GREEN Materials
  • ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD
  • Water pollution potential
  • Persistence
  • Mobility
  • Eco-toxicity (non-target)
  • US EPA REGISTRATION EXEMPT
  • Food/ household grade

19
YELLOW Zones
  • Limited exposure
  • If you cant do it all now Transition speed
    based on resources, standards

20
Prioritize Limited Resources
21
PHAER System DOES NOT
  • Limit your materials list
  • Allow more pesticides
  • Eliminate pesticides
  • Require the IPM decision-making process

22
PHAER system DOES
  • Highest Standard of Safety
  • in Areas of Greatest Need
  • Prioritize Limited Resources
  • Incremental/ Measurable /Accountable
  • Pesticide Use Communication Tool/
  • Signage for Public
  • Public Education through Demonstration
  • Clearly Demonstrates Good Stewardship

23
Process PHAER Zones
  • Map all sites
  • Areas of highest sensitivity
  • Areas where yellow / red pesticides used
  • Habitat modifications to eliminate the need for
    pesticides
  • Cost
  • Prioritize
  • Set risk reduction goals

24
Ventura Unified School District Challenges
  • Campuses built in era of pesticides as management
  • Fencelines in turf
  • Turf and landscape beds
  • Aging of assets
  • Reduction of staff resources

25
1o Problem Fencelines
No action
Potential Pesticide exposure
Fenceline mow strip 35 / linear foot Payback lt
15 years compared to current weed-whipping
26
1o Problem Turf margin
No action
Potential Pesticide exposure
Concrete mow strip 15 / linear foot Payback lt
15 years compared to current weed-whipping
27
1o Problem Picnic tables
Potential Pesticide exposure
Concrete pad 15 / square foot Payback lt 4 years
compared to current
28
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29
Maramonte Park, Santa Maria CA
30
Maramonte Park, Santa Maria CA
31
Options
Prioritize resources to make whole park GREEN
(GREEN LIST only), or
Communicate to public YELLOW pesticides might
be used
32
Central Park NYC
  • Baseline
  • 0 G

T-5 85 G 50k 1 fte
Example only
33
Cal Poly Field Exercise
34
  • PHAER Zone Model
  • for
  • City of Santa Barbara

35
Parks and Recreation
  • 49 Parks
  • 4 Ball Fields
  • Golf Course

36
City of Santa Barbara IPM
37
SB City IPM Practices
38
City Parks
1,450 Acres (98)
26 Acres (2)
1,476 Acres Parkland Total (Includes 486 Acres
Previously Designated as Pesticide Free)
39
Dwight Murphy Park
98.8
1.2
40
Mission Historical Park A.C. Postel Rose Garden
41
Golf Course
96.3
42
  • Cost of habitat modifications for sustainable
    Green management
  • Mow strips 30 / linear foot
  • Landscape bed 0.48 / square foot

43
  • Map for exposure
  • Management overlay
  • Cost out habitat modifications
  • 4. Establish Transition-To-Green timeline
    based upon resources

44
Pesticide Hazard And Exposure Reduction (PHAER)
Zones
  • www.home.earthlink.net/phaerzones
  • Phil Boise
  • Pboise.ipm_at_earthlink.net
  • Ken Brown
  • KBrown_at_SantaBarbaraCA.gov

45
QUESTIONS?
  • This concludes the American Institute of
    Architects Continuing Education Systems Program.
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