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An Overview of Southern Literature

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Southern Literature A distinct type of American Literature. Written by authors who were born in or spent most of their lives in the South. Tells us what the author ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Overview of Southern Literature


1
An Overview of Southern Literature
2
Southern Literature
  • A distinct type of American Literature.
  • Written by authors who were born in or spent most
    of their lives in the South.
  • Tells us what the author perceived life to be
    like, or would have liked life to be like.
  • The qualities that distinguish Southern
    Literature from the rest of American Literature
    is primarily the cultural differences from other
    parts of the country, mainly the North.

3
Southern Writers
  • Strong sense of history
  • Strong sense of belonging to a place
  • Where he/she comes from is of great importance.
  • A religious base
  • There is a feeling about moral absolutes that run
    through the novel.
  • Language that is rich and ornamental
  • A belief in the importance of the community
  • In many southern novels, the people tend to get
    measured by their relationship to the community.

4
Common Southern Literature Themes
  • Racism
  • The Conservative Culture
  • The significance of family, religion, and
    community in ones life.
  • A sense of social class and place
  • Persistence of the past
  • Importance of ritual
  • Exploration of character

5
Elements of a Novel
  • Everything in Literature Happens for a Reason!

6
Genres
  • Fiction (Not Real)
  • Non-Fiction (Real)
  • Drama
  • Poetry
  • Fairy Tales
  • Short Story
  • Realistic Fiction
  • Historical Fiction
  • Novels
  • Essays
  • Biography
  • Autobiography
  • Speeches

7
The Narrator (Point of View)
  • The lens through which a reader views a story.
  • Point of view is the way the author allows you to
    see and hear whats going on.
  • See handout on Point of View.

8
The Setting
  • Where the story takes place is of great
    importance to understanding a novel.
  • The setting is where the novel takes place.
  • It may include historical background, time, local
    color.
  • Local color is characteristics that set the place
    apart from other places.
  • The author doesnt always state the setting of a
    novel, instead they provide details describing
    the location and/or time period.
  • This allows a reader to paint a picture in their
    mind. (The use of imagery or sensory details.)

9
Characters
  • Static/Flat Characters
  • Characters that do not change throughout the
    novel.
  • Usually minor characters
  • Dynamic/Round Characters
  • Characters will undergo some kind of change in
    the course of the story.
  • Usually major characters

10
Plot (definition)
  • Plot is the organized pattern or sequence of
    events that make up a story. Every plot is made
    up of a series of incidents that are related to
    one another.

11
Plot Diagram
3
4
2
1
5
12
1. Exposition
  • This usually occurs at the beginning of a novel.
    Here the characters are introduced. We also
    learn about the setting of the story. Most
    importantly, we are introduced to the main
    conflict (main problem).

13
Conflict
  • The dramatic struggle between two forces in a
    story .
  • Without conflict, there is no plot.

14
Types of Conflict
  • Internal
  • External
  • A struggle that takes place in a characters
    mind.
  • Character vs. Self
  • A struggle between a character and an outside
    force.
  • Character vs. Character
  • Character vs. Society
  • Character vs. Nature

15
2. Rising Action
  • This part of the story begins to develop the
    conflict(s). A building of interest or suspense
    occurs.

16
3. Climax
  • This is the turning point of the story. Usually
    the main character comes face to face with a
    conflict. The main character will change in some
    way.

17
4. Falling Action
  • All loose ends of the plot are tied up. The
    conflict(s) and climax are taken care of.

18
5. Resolution
  • The story comes to a reasonable ending.

19
Theme
  • A theme is a main idea, moral, or message
    portrayed throughout a novel.
  • Themes often explore timeless and universal
    ideas.
  • There will be many themes in a novel.
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