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Representations of America in 17th and 18th Century French Literature

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Representations of America in 17th and 18th Century French Literature Alyssa Briggs Dr. Nadia Sahely I have le mal du siecle but at least I m bridging the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Representations of America in 17th and 18th Century French Literature


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(No Transcript)
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Representations of America in 17th and 18th
Century French Literature
  • Alyssa Briggs
  • Dr. Nadia Sahely

3
I have le mal du siecle but at least Im
bridging the classical style and the modern
Romantic school
4
Storming of the Bastille July 14, 1789
Dr. Gorse and Max
5
Chateaubriands Imaginary Voyage
  • Landed in Baltimore
  • Philadelphia
  • New York
  • Boston
  • Lexington Battlefields
  • Albany
  • Niagara Falls
  • Pittsburgh
  • Mississippi
  • Florida
  • Back north through mountains

6
Niagara Falls
Lexington
Pittsburgh
Baltimore
Through Natchez Country 40 hours, 20 minutes
    Total Est. Distance 2432.53 miles
Natchez Country
7
European Conquest
Spain
Portugal
8
European Explorers
1492 Christopher Columbus
1000 AD Leif Eriksson
1585 Sir Walter Raleigh
9
First Permanent English and French Cities
  • Jamestown 1607
  • John Smith
  • Quebec City
  • Samuel de Champlain

10
New France
British Colonies
World Events
1500 1550 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800
Mona Lisa 1503
Cartier explores St. Lawrence River 1541-43
Copernicus claims Earth circles Sun 1543
Jamestown, VA founded 1607
Champlain founds Quebec City 1608
Mayflower lands 1620
Jesuit Missionaries arrive 1625
Taj Mahal completed 1643
Louis XIV personal rule 1661-1715
John Locke prints Two Treatises of Government 1690
20 executed for witchcraft in Salem 1690
Mississippi River discovered 1673
Brandenburg Concertos 1721
Seven Years War 1756-1763
Treaty of Paris land east of Mississippi and
Canada goes to British 1763
French Revolution 1789-1799
Revolutionary War 1775-1783
11
Modernity in the New World
  • Sea lanes established
  • Native Americans with
  • European Possessions

12
Colonizing North America
La Nouvelle France
British Land
La Louisiane (France)
13
Establishing New France
A market for Christianity
1534 Jacques Cartier
14
Beaver Hats
Demand for fur in Europe was exploding,
especially for beaver pelts to turn into hats.
15
Methodology to Selecting Sources
  • Geographic Area New France
  • Time Frame 17th and 18th century
  • Type of Literature
  • Focus Native Americans
  • Accessibility
  • Digital Libraries
  • OhioLink and Interlibrary Loan
  • Newberry Research Library in Chicago

16
Native American Focus
  • Mixed feelings
  • They are gracious hosts
  • But they are not Christian
  • Le tien et le mien (yours and mine)
  • Political motives

17
Marc Lescarbot
  • 1570 1642
  • Lawyer from Paris
  • History of New France - 1609
  • Origin of the noble savage concept
  • Propaganda

18
Joseph-Francois Lafitau
  • 1681-1746
  • Jesuit Missionary and Writer
  • Customs of the American Indians compared with the
    Customs of Primitive Times 1724

19
Baron de Lahontan
  • 1666-1716
  • Part of military
  • New Voyages and Memoires of North America- 1703
  • Curious Dialogues with a Savage -1704

20
Pierre François-Xavier de Charlevoix
  • 1682-1761
  • Jesuit Missionary and Writer
  • Journal of a Voyage to North America -1720-22
  • History and General Description of New France
    -1744
  • Ideological enemy to Lahontan
  • One of Lescarbots most ardent admirers

21
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • 1712-1778
  • Philosopher during Enlightenment
  • Discourse on the Origin of Inequality 1754
  • Man is good by nature, when in the state of
    nature, but is corrupted by society.

22
François-René de Chateaubriand
  • 1768-1848
  • Atala 1801
  • René 1802
  • Les Natchez 1826
  • Improves reality
  • Historical novel
  • French romanticism
  • The Revealer

23
Intertextuality
  • Noun the whole network of relations,
    conventions, and expectations by which the text
    is defined the relationship between texts
  • Newness is it possible for something to be
    completely new?

24
Classicism
  • Love of the Greco-Romans
  • Are the Native Americans the last of the
    ancients?
  • Lafitau Finds enough evidence during his
    observations to publish an entire book on the
    subject of Native American customs compared to
    those of the Ancients.
  • Gods of War Areskoui Arès/Aries
  • Many other authors before and after have
    Classical symbols, themes, and styles in their
    Native American writings

25
Chateaubriand
1827
1827 Voyage en Amerique
1826 Les Natchez
1802 Rene
1801 Atala
1800
Second half of the 18th century exploded with
American themed literature
Rousseau Discourse on Inequality 1754
Charlevoix History 1744
Lafitau Customs 1724
Charlevoix Journal 1720-22
Lahontan Dialogues 1704
Lahontan Voyages 1703
1700
Jesuit Missionaries
1600
Lescarbot 1609 History of New France
Champlain
Cartier
Spanish Explorers during Spains Golden Age
26
Chateaubriand was just the tip of the iceberg!
27
Thanks
  • Dr. Nadia Sahely
  • Summer Scholars Program
  • BW Food Services
  • Ohio Link and Ritter Library
  • Deceased French explorers and authors

28
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