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Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth 10-14*

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Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth 10-14* Family Living Programs, Cooperative Extension, University of WI-Extension * Developed by Iowa State ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth 10-14*


1
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
Family Living Programs, Cooperative Extension,
University of WI-Extension
Developed by Iowa State University, University
Extension
2
UW-Extension Mission
  • Bringing university research
  • to the people of Wisconsin

3
Family Living Programs Mission
  • Responding to Wisconsin family and community
    needs with research-based education and
    partnerships

4
Evidence-based Programs
  • Years of research have demonstrated that some
    programs can reduce problem behaviors enhance
    positive developmental outcomes among youth
  • The most effective programs and practices are
    termed evidence-based

5
Evidence-based Programs
  • A program is judged to be evidence-based if
    research shows
  • that the program produces the expected positive
    results, and
  • these results can be attributed to the program
    rather than to other extraneous factors

6
Definition of Evidence-based Programs
  • Evidence-based programs are approaches that have
    been developed and evaluated using scientific
    processes. These programs are grounded in a clear
    theoretical foundation and have been carefully
    implemented and evaluated. The evaluation
    findings have been subjected to critical review
    by other researchers and the program has been
    replicated in a variety of settings. Programs and
    approaches that are evidence-based have
    produced desired results in a number of different
    settings.
  • Central Center for the Application of Prevention
    Technology, "What is Scientifically-Defensible
    Prevention?" Minneapolis, MN, 2000.

7
Strengthening Families Program for Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Recognized as exemplary and evidence-based by
  • Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency
    Prevention
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • US Department of Education
  • Substance Abuse Mental Health Services
    Administration

8
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Special Features of the Program
  • Timing the transition to the teen years
  • Parents and youth learn together
  • Videos portray parent-child interaction
  • User friendly materials
  • Fun, interactive projects and activities
  • Families eat meal together
  • Child care provided
  • Rigorously evaluated

9
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Program Format
  • Developed for parents and youth 10-14
  • Designed for 7-10 families per series
  • Seven two-hour sessions with graduation
  • Four booster sessions to be held 3-12 months
    later

10
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Program Format
  • First Hour
  • Parent group
  • Youth group
  • Second Hour
  • Parents and youth together
  • Facilitators
  • 1 for parent sessions
  • 2 for youth sessions
  • All 3 facilitate the family sessions

11
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Program Materials
  • 415page leader guide with masters for handouts
  • 215page leader guide with masters for Booster
    Sessions 1-4
  • 11 videotapes
  • -Present information and illustrate skills
  • -Actors are African-American, Hispanic and white
  • -8 parent videos
  • -1 youth video for 2 sessions
  • -2 family videos
  • Love and Limits magnets for home practice

12
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Program Activities
  • Short lectures
  • Videos
  • Discussions
  • Skills practice
  • Learning games
  • Family projects

13
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Core Themes
  • Using Love and Limits
  • Empathy, Parent ? Youth, Youth ? Parent
  • Rules/Responsibilities to Reach Goals
  • Expressing Appreciation to Family Members
  • Open and Clear Communication
  • Protecting against Substance Abuse

14
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • SESSION ONE
  • Parent Session
  • Showing love and setting limits
  • Supporting youths dreams and goals
  • Youth Session
  • Goal setting
  • Family Session
  • Connecting as a family

15
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • SESSION TWO
  • Parent Session
  • What youth this age are like
  • Need for house rules
  • Communication through I statements
  • Youth Session
  • Whats good and whats hard about being a youth
    or a parent
  • Why parents are stressed
  • Gifts
  • Family Session
  • Make a family tree together

16
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • SESSION THREE
  • Parent Session
  • Watching for good things youth do
  • Learning a point chart for behavior
  • Youth Session
  • Understanding stress
  • Family Session
  • Family meetings

17
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • SESSION FOUR
  • Parent Session
  • Giving small consequences and staying calm
  • Big penalties for big problems
  • Youth Session
  • Everyone has rules and responsibilities
  • Things go better if rules are followed
  • Family Session
  • Understanding what family values are

18
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • SESSION FIVE
  • Parent Session
  • Learning to listen to problems
  • Listening for feelings
  • Meeting basic needs
  • Youth Session
  • Keeping out of trouble with friends
  • Drugs and alcohol hurt
  • Practice skills for resisting peer pressure
  • Family Session
  • Practicing listening to each other
  • Joint problem solving

19
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • SESSION SIX
  • Parent Session
  • Protecting against alcohol, tobacco and drug
    abuse in youth
  • Risk and protective factors
  • Supporting youth in school
  • Monitoring youth
  • Youth Session
  • Dealing with peer pressure and friends
  • What good friends are like
  • Family Session
  • Reaching goals
  • Parents helping youth with peer pressure
  • Sharing refusal skills
  • Sharing of parental dreams and expectations

20
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • SESSION SEVEN - Optional
  • Parent Session
  • Stress and family needs
  • Getting families the help they might need
  • Using community resources
  • Youth Session
  • Service to others
  • Interacting with positive older teen role models
  • Family Session
  • Celebration and review
  • Letters to one another
  • Graduation

21
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Youth Risk Factors
  • Aggressive or withdrawn behavior
  • Negative peer influence
  • Poor school performance
  • Lack of prosocial goals
  • Poor relationship with parents
  • Youth Protective Factors
  • Positive future orientation
  • Peer pressure resistance skills
  • Prosocial peer relationships
  • Positive management of emotions
  • Empathy with parents

22
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Parental Risk Factors
  • Demanding and rejecting behavior
  • Poor child management
  • Harsh and inappropriate discipline
  • Poor communication of family rules
  • Parental Protective Factors
  • Positive parent-child affect
  • Supportive family involvement
  • Age-appropriate expectations
  • Appropriate parental monitoring
  • Clear expectations regarding substance use

23
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Universal Prevention
  • Economically disadvantaged white families
  • African-American families
  • Inner-city racially diverse families
  • Court-ordered families
  • Families already in family therapy
  • Non-English-speaking Hispanic families
  • Hmong Families (non video version)
  • Scientifically-tested, longitudinal studies

24
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Trained facilitators in over 40 WI counties
  • Hmong families (Eau Claire)
  • Hispanic families (Door County)
  • American Indian families (Mole Lake, Potawatomi)
  • White families (throughout the state)

25
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • The most valuable thing parents have learned
  • to listen to my child and their feelings
  • to not criticize my child personally when Im
    angry
  • to set rules and consequences and still show
    love
  • reminded to show love and listen with respect to
    my child

26
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • The most valuable thing youth have learned
  • to deal with peer pressure
  • that my parents have stress too
  • how to talk to mom and dad
  • how to solve problems
  • do things together more
  • consequences when I get in trouble
  • my parents love me

27
Strengthening Families Program 10-14 Reduces
Aggressive and Hostile Behaviors
of Adolescents Displaying Aggressive or Hostile
Actions
Spoth, R., Redmond, C., Shin, C. (2000)
Reducing adolescents' aggressive and hostile
behaviors Randomized trial effects of a brief
family intervention four years past baseline.
Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
154, 1248-1257.
28
Strengthening Families Program 10-14 Reduces
Alcohol Initiation (Alcohol Use Without Parental
Permission)
of Students Using Alcohol for First Time
Spoth, R., Redmond , C., Shin, C. (2001)
Randomized trial of brief family interventions
for general populations Adolescent substance use
outcomes 4 years following baseline. Journal of
Consulting and Clinical Psychology 69(4), 627-642.
29
Why is it important to prevent and delay underage
alcohol use?(Age of First Use Predicts
Alcoholism)
National Institutes of Health, News Release,
January 1998
30
Strengthening Families Program 10-14 Leads to
Lower Adolescent Cigarette Use
of Students Smoking Cigarettes During Past Month
Spoth, R., Redmond, C., Shin, C. (2000)
Reducing adolescents' aggressive and hostile
behaviors Randomized trial effects of a brief
family intervention four years past baseline.
Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
154, 1248-1257.
31

Strengthening Families Program 10-14 Reduces
Rates of Marijuana Initiation
of New Users
Adapted from Spoth, R.L. Redmond, C. Shin, C.
(2001) Randomized trial of brief family
interventions for general populations Adolescent
substance use outcomes 4 years following
baseline. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
Psychology 69(4)627-642.
32
Strengthening Families Program 10-14 Reduces
Meth Use (2 randomized studies of 1,300
students in rural Iowa)Study 1 Among 12th
graders who received SFP 10-14 in 6th grade, 0
reported meth use whereas 3.21 of the control
group reported meth use
Spoth, R., Clair, S., Shin, C., Redmond, C.
(2006) Long-term effects of universal preventive
interventions on methamphetamine use among
adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics Adolescent
Medicine, 160, 876-882.
33
Strengthening Families Program 10-14 Reduces
Meth Use(2 randomized studies of 1,300 students
in rural Iowa)Study 2 Among 12th graders who
received SFP 10-14 and Life Skills Training as
7th graders, 2.63 reported meth use whereas
7.61 of the control group reported ever using
meth
Spoth, R., Clair, S., Shin, C., Redmond, C.
(2006) Long-term effects of universal preventive
interventions on methamphetamine use among
adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics Adolescent
Medicine, 160, 876-882.
34
Strengthening Families Programfor Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Positive Changes in Parenting Behaviors
  • (Sustained through the 6 years of study)
  • Communicating specific rules and consequences for
    using substances
  • Controlling anger when communicating with the
    child
  • Positive involvement with the child
  • Better communication with the child

Spoth, R., Randall, G.K., Shin, C. Redmond, C.
(2005) Randomized study of combined universal
family and school preventive interventions
Patterns of long-term effects on initiation,
regular use, and weekly drunkenness. Psychology
of Addictive Behaviors, 19(4), 372-381. Spoth,
R., Redmond, C., Shin, C., Azevedo, K (2004)
Brief family intervention effects on adolescent
substance initiation School-level curvilinear
growth curve analyses six years following
baseline. Journal of Consulting and Clinical
Psychology, 72(3), 535-542.
35
Long Term Cost Saving of SFP 10-14
  • For every 1 dollar invested

Spoth, R.L., Guyll, M., Day, S. Journal of
Studies on Alcohol. Universal family-focused
interventions in alcohol-use disorder prevention
cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis of
two interventions. March 2002 v63, i2 p219 (10).
36
Getting Started
  • Website available
  • http//www.uwex.edu/ces/flp/families/strengthening
    .cfm
  • Partners to teach sessions
  • Facility
  • Transportation
  • Meals, child care
  • Incentives
  • Costs involved

37
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38
Conclusion from World Health Organization
Sponsored Review
  • Disappointing results from school-based
    programmes have encouraged interest in family
    interventions. The one with the best track record
    is the US Strengthening Families Programme, an
    approach now being tried in Britain.
  • David Foxcroft, Oxford Brookes University
  • (Cochrane Collaboration Systematic Review,
    2002)
  • Foxcroft, Ireland, Lister-Sharp, Lowe and
    Breen

39
Strengthening Families Program for Parents and
Youth 10-14
  • Summary
  • Evidence of effectiveness
  • Improved parenting skills
  • Increased life skills in youth
  • Enhanced family bonds
  • Long-term prevention
  • Cost benefit savings
  • Family fun and learning
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