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The American Revolutionary Experience

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The American Revolutionary Experience John Trumbull, Death of General Montgomery African-American Experiences African-American Experiences A numerically significant ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The American Revolutionary Experience


1
The American Revolutionary Experience
John Trumbull, Death of General Montgomery
2
John Trumbull, Death of General Montgomery
3
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4
African-American Experiences
5
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6
African-American Experiences
  • A numerically significant portion of the
    population
  • Concerns and goals inherently different from
    those of free white Americans
  • Mixture of voluntary and forced participation
  • Second-class participants

7
American Indian experiences Drawn into the
conflict
  • American Indians control interior and frontier
  • Neutrality was first choice of most leaders
  • Leaders had limited control
  • Dependence on Euro goods
  • British gain more allies
  • Colonists perceived as the larger
    threatencroaching on lands
  • Colonists launch preemptive strikes
  • British offer better and more material goods
  • Chance to settle old scores
  • Civil wars and wars of independence

8
The wars worst losers
  • Early turnouts for Britain severely punished
    (Cherokee)
  • British abandon in 1783
  • Indians had been winning
  • Peace treaty makes provisions for loyalists,
    Africans, but not Indians
  • Left out of negotiations just like the French did
    in 1763
  • British hand over the interior to U.S.
  • Left to face the United States alone.
  • U.S. wants vengeance
  • Amerindian communities in disarray

"The Death of Jane McCrea"by John Vanderlyn,
9
The American loyalists
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The American loyalist experience
  • Americas civil war
  • Serious problem with neutrals
  • 20,000 colonists enlisted on British side.
  • War between Americans is most brutal
  • Ideological
  • The declaration came from an unelected, partisan
    body.
  • Conservative loyalty to king
  • Practical
  • Assumed British would win
  • Chance to seek revenge against old enemies.
  • British system worked
  • Who was to say Congress could do a better job?

12
Womens experiences
  • In the army
  • Rarely combatants
  • Camp women
  • At home
  • Victims of occupying armies
  • Disease
  • Increasingly political

13
The patriot experience
14
Competing for the LegacyKey question was
Who played the most important role in the
revolution, and, in consequence, who were its
protectors, interpreters and heirs?
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Competing legacies
17
Competing views
  • Federal vs. State
  • Continental army men Alexander Hamilton, George
    Washington
  • Civilians Jefferson and Adams
  • Clashes on issues such as the
  • Constitution (Continental Army veterans
    overwhelmingly supported it)
  • Taxation
  • Standing army
  • Federalists won. We live in Hamiltons vision,
    not Jefferson, but that is another story . . .

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Washingtons Crossing of the Delaware (painted
1851)
20
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