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Industrial Ecology, Pollution Prevention and the New York/New Jersey Harbor

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Industrial Ecology, Pollution Prevention and the New York/New Jersey Harbor Kathleen C. Callahan Deputy Regional Administrator, EPA Region 2 State-EPA Symposium on – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Industrial Ecology, Pollution Prevention and the New York/New Jersey Harbor


1
Industrial Ecology, Pollution Prevention and the
New York/New Jersey Harbor
  • Kathleen C. Callahan
  • Deputy Regional Administrator, EPA Region 2
  • State-EPA Symposium on
  • Environmental Innovation and Results
  • January 25, 2006

2
NY/NJHarbor Watershed
3
History of the Harbor Project
  • EPA developed the concept of conducting an
    industrial ecology (IE) project in the NY/NJ
    Harbor (1998)
  • NYAS convened workshop to explore industrial
    ecology as tool for developing P2 recommendations
    for the Harbor (1998)
  • NYAS initiated the IE/P2 and the NY/NJ Harbor
    Project (1999) as a cooperative agreement with
    EPA funding.
  • NYAS formed a multi-stakeholder Consortium (2000)
  • Project goals
  • Explore the use of industrial ecology on a
    regional scale
  • Reduce flows of Hg, Cd, PCBs, Dioxins PAHs to
    the Harbor environment through generating
    targeted pollution prevention recommendations

4
Industrial Ecology at a Regional Scale
The Environment
Waste Output

Air
The Economy
Commercial Industrial Household Sectors
Material Input
Product
Land
Production (Ind./Comm. Services)
Waste Output
Water
Reuse/recycle
Harbor
5
Process Overview
  • Process
  • Select contaminants of concern to the Harbor
  • Consortium votes on selection
  • Conduct research on mass balance and material
    flows into and out of the Harbor
  • Harbor Project staff perform research and also
    hire consultants
  • Develop pollution prevention recommendations
    based on findings
  • Consortium reviews and selects and supports
  • Reports generated summarize the results of the
    research and P2 action plans

6
NYAS Decision Tree
7
Why Engage a Consortium?
  • Emphasizes public involvement and communication
  • Open process acts as an educational forum
  • Generates an open dialogue on stakeholder values
    and interplay with science
  • Diversity of sponsors allows for wider
    implementation and support

8
Members of the Consortium
  • Includes over 50 members from the following types
    of institutions -
  • Academic institutions
  • Non-profit organizations
  • Business organizations
  • Consultants
  • Local, state and federal governments
  • Interstate organizations
  • Sewerage Commissions
  • Labor organizations

9
Funders
  • Environmental Protection Agency (Region 2,ORD,
    OPPT)
  • Port Authority of NY/NJ
  • Abby R. Mauzè Trust,
  • Anonymous (through Rockefeller Financial
    Services)
  • ATT Foundation
  • Commonwealth Fund
  • J.P. Morgan
  • NYC Environmental Fund

10
Mercury
11
Releases of Hg to the Watershed
12
Hg Key Finding
  • IE inventory helpful to identify all contaminant
    sources, including the cumulative effect of
    numerous Small Quantity Generators (SQGs) which
    are not usually the focus of regulations, but,
    which cumulatively can have a large impact.

13
Cadmium
14
Estimated Cadmium Releases for the NY/NJ Watershed
  • Products (kg/yr) Confidence Release
  • Metal Plating Production 400
    L air, water
  • Plastic Additives Production 80 M air
  • Secondary Steel Production 40 M air
  • MSW Incineration 40 H air
  • Battery disposal 120,000
    L air/ landfills
  • Other products disposal 40,000
    L air/ landfills  
  • Processes (kg/yr)
    Confidence Release
  • Phosphate Fertilizer 500 M soil
  • Sewage Sludge Land App 500
    M soil
  • Cement Production 300 M air
  • Fossil Fuel Combustion 200 M air
  • Tires 100 L soil
  • Petroleum Refineries 50 M air

15
Cadmium - Key Findings
  • Pathways to the harbor (from primary release
    source) are not always easily quantified
  • Data gaps are a challenging issue for
    industrial ecology analyses
  • Impacts on Harbor depend on current management
    practices
  • (ex. Solid Waste Management incineration vs.
    landfills export vs. local management)

16
PCBs
17
PCB Legacy
  • PCBs are a legacy pollutant
  • Production generally prohibited since 1977
  • Banning production but not the use of a substance
    can present materials flow tracking problems
  • Despite intense scrutiny by Federal and State
    agencies, our knowledge of material flows of PCBs
    is limited

18
PCBs - Key Findings
  • Opportunities for P2/BMPs
  • Small Quantity Generators cumulative impact of
    small capacitors disposal overlooked by
    regulations
  • Inadvertent production of PCBs PCBs generated
    inadvertently end up in products without
    intentional addition by the manufacturer 10 of
    current PCB loadings
  • Challenging Issues
  • Uneven reporting requirements on usage/disposal
  • Regulatory gap (small quantity generators, no
    post-ban tracking requirements)
  • Limited recycling opportunities

19
Results and Next Steps
  • Results
  • NYAS has conducted follow-up outreach and
    implementation where feasible
  • Other stakeholders can utilize the P2
    recommendations to motivate independent action.
    Implementation is voluntary
  • EPA has used results to guide the selection
    of regional pollution prevention opportunities
    and target priority areas for grant funding
  • Next Steps
  • Project process can serve well in a national
    case study
  • NYAS received a grant of 144,000 from ORD in
    2005 to use their combined Industrial Ecology/
    Collaborative Decision-Making approach to develop
    watershed-wide strategies for pollution
    prevention of dioxin and PAH's in the New York
    New Jersey Harbor
  • Replicate and expand upon the NYAS IE/P2
    project model where appropriate
  • ORD/OPEI/OEI/Region 2 Workgroup being formed
    to explore further industrial ecology
    opportunities and challenges on a national level
  • Continue to support work of Multi-Media
    Materials Management Workgroup at EPA to identify
    additional case studies and pilot projects

20
Concluding remarks
21
Concluding Remarks
  • Industrial Ecology provides an important set of
    tools as part of the Environmental Stewardship
    Framework for EPA
  • Materials accounting is crucial to encourage the
    sustainable outcomes sought by the Stewardship
    Framework
  • More Industrial Ecology case studies needed that
    can inform management decisions

22
For copies of documents and more information
about the project
  • http//www.nyas.org/programs/harbor.asp
  • Pollution Prevention and Management Strategies
    for Mercury in the NY/NJ Harbor
  • Pollution Prevention and Management Strategies
    for Cadmium in the NY/NJ Harbor
  • Pollution Prevention and Management Strategies
    for PCBs in the NY/NJ Harbor
  • COMING SOON!!
  • Pollution Prevention and Management Strategies
    for Dioxins in the NY/NJ Harbor
  • Pollution Prevention and Management Strategies
    for PAHs in the NY/NJ Harbor
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