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Disaster Preparedness for Earthquakes

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Title: Disaster Preparedness for Earthquakes


1
Disaster Preparedness for Earthquakes
  • Jamaica Ivery-Glover, MPH
  • Walden University
  • PUBH 6165-4
  • Instructor Dr. Robert Marino
  • Winter QTR, 2010

2
Earthquake Preparedness
  • MCS Grades 9-12
  • Inform and Equip students
  • Prepare for
  • Protect against

3
Learning Outcomes
  • Basic earthquake knowledge
  • What actions to take before an earthquake
  • What actions to take during an earthquake
  • What actions to take after an earthquake
  • Emotional, psychological aspects of dealing with
    earthquakes

4
What is an earthquake?
  • An earthquake is what happens when two blocks of
    the earth suddenly slip past one another.

5
Parts of an Earthquake
  • Fault line- the surface where the earth slips
  • Epicenter the location on the surface of the
    earth where the earthquake starts
  • Hypocenter the location below the earths
    surface where the earthquake starts

6
Types of Shocks
  • Foreshocks -relatively smaller earthquakes that
    precede the largest earthquake in a series
  • Aftershocks - earthquakes that follow the largest
    shock of an earthquake sequence
  • Mainshocks- the largest earthquake in a sequence,
    sometimes preceded by one or more foreshocks, and
    almost always followed by many aftershocks.

7
Aftershock Flash Animation
8
New Madrid Earthquake 1811-1812
  • Landslide trench and ridge in the Chickasaw
    Bluffs east of Reelfoot Lake, Tennessee,
    resulting from the New Madrid earthquake.

9
New Madrid Seismic Zone
  • Extends from northeast Arkansas, through
    southeast Missouri, western Tennessee, western
    Kentucky through southern Illinois

10
Wenchuan (Sichuan) China Earthquake (2008)
  • USGS Multimedia Gallery (Video)--Wenchuan
    (Sichuan) China Earthquake filmed by Yingying
    Huang

11
What to do BEFORE an Earthquake
  • Check for hazards in the home
  • fasten shelves to walls
  • place heavy objects on low shelves
  • brace light fixtures that hang overhead
  • repair electrical wiring and deep ceiling or
    foundational cracks
  • FEMA. (2010). What to do Before an Earthquake.
    Accessed January 19, 2011. Retrieved from
    http//www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_before.sh
    tm

12
What to do BEFORE an Earthquake
  • Identify safe places inside and outside
  • under sturdy heavy furniture
  • in the open away from objects that can fall
    on you
  • against an inside wall
  • away from glass or heavy furniture that
    could fall on you
  • FEMA. (2010). What to do Before an Earthquake.
    Accessed January 19, 2011. Retrieved from
    http//www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_before.sh
    tm

13
What to do BEFORE an Earthquake
  • Educate yourself, family and friends
  • Contact the Red Cross or other
    organizations concerning earthquake readiness
  • Develop an emergency plan
  • designate a rally area in case of
    separation
  • designate an out of state family contact

14
What to do BEFORE an Earthquake
  • Make a disaster kit
  • first aid kit and manual
  • flashlights and batteries
  • battery operated radio and batteries
  • food and water
  • cash
  • medications/prescriptions
  • FEMA. (2010). What to do Before an Earthquake.
    Accessed January 19, 2011. Retrieved from
    http//www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_before.sh
    tm

15
What to do DURING an Earthquake
  • Take Cover!
  • If possible, get to your safe place and hold on
    until the shaking stops
  • FEMA. (2010). What to do During an Earthquake.
    Accessed January 19, 2011. Retrieved from
    http//www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_before.sh
    tm

16
What to do AFTER an Earthquake
  • Expect Aftershocks
  • can occur hours, days, weeks, or even months
    after an earthquake
  • Listen for emergency information
  • Stay away from damaged areas
  • Help the injured or trapped
  • Clean up spilled liquids to avoid fire
  • Inspect utilities

17
Emotional /Psychological Aspects
  • Fear is a common response to traumatic events
  • Should only last for a short period of time
  • Some may need to talk with family, friends,
    or a spiritual advisor
  • Some may need to seek professional help

18
Emotional/Psychological Aspects
  • PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • an anxiety disorder that can develop after
    exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which
    grave physical harm occurred or was threatened.

19
Reactions to look for
  • Irritability
  • Lack of sleep
  • Lack of interest in things that used to be of
    interest
  • Lack of responsiveness or numbness
  • Poor concentration
  • Suicidal thoughts

20
Resources for obtaining help
  • Mental health facilities
  • Privately owned psychiatric practices
  • Primary care physicians
  • Community health clinics/facilities

21
Presentation overview
  • Basic earthquake knowledge
  • What to do before, during and after an earthquake
    has occurred
  • Emotional/ psychological aspects of dealing with
    trauma from earthquakes

22
References
  • USGS. (2006)ID. Fuller, M.L. 353. USGS
    Photographic Library. Retrieved from
    http//libraryphoto.cr.usgs.gov/cgi-bin/show_pictu
    re.cgi?IDID.Fuller,M.L.353
  • FEMA. (2010). What to do Before an Earthquake.
    Accessed January 19, 2011. Retrieved from
    http//www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_before.sh
    tm
  • FEMA. (2010). What to do During an Earthquake.
    Accessed January 19, 2011. Retrieved from
    http//www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_before.sh
    tm
  • FEMA. (2010). What to do After an Earthquake.
    Accessed January 19, 2011. Retrieved from
    http//www.fema.gov/hazard/earthquake/eq_before.sh
    tm
  • American Red Cross.(2010). Recovering
    Emotionally. Retrieved January 19, 2011 from
    http//www.redcross.org/portal/site/en/menuitem.d2
    29a5f06620c6052b1ecfbf43181aa0/?vgnextoidffd3f20f
    5fcb5210VgnVCM10000089f0870aRCRDcpsextcurrchannel
    1
  • UALR. Introduction to the New Madrid Seismic
    Zone. Accessed January 19, 2011. Retrieved from
    http//www.eas.slu.edu/Earthquake
    Center/SEISMICITY/NewMadridGeneral.html
  • Encyclopedia of Arkansas. (2010) New Madrid
    Seismic Zone. Accessed January 19, 2011.
    Retrieved from http//www.encyclopediaofarkansas.n
    et/encyclopedia/media-detail.aspx?mediaID-6440
  • Huang, Y. (2009) Wenchuan (Sichuan) China
    Earthquake. USGS . Accessed January 23, 2011
    from http//gallery.usgs.gov/videos/272


23
References
  • USGS. (2009) Earthquake Glossary Aftershocks.
    Accessed Januray19, 2011 from http//earthquake.us
    gs.gov/learn/glossary/?termaftershocks
  • USGS. (2009) Earthquake Glossary Foreshocks.
    Accessed Januray19, 2011 from http//earthquake.us
    gs.gov/learn/glossary/?termforeshocks
  • USGS. (2009) Earthquake Glossary Mainshocks.
    Accessed Januray19, 2011 from http//earthquake.us
    gs.gov/learn/glossary/?termmainshocks
  • USGS. (2009) The Science of Earthquakes. Accessed
    January 19, 2011 from http//earthquake.usgs.go
    v/learn/kids/eqscience.php
  • USGS. (2009) Foreshocks, Mainshocks and
    Aftershocks Accessed January 19, 2011 from
    http//earthquake.usgs.gov/learn/animations/animat
    ion.php?flash_titleAftershockFlashAnimationfla
    sh_fileaftershockflash_width400flash_height27
    5
  • NIMH.(2006) Helping Children and Adolescents Cope
    with Violence and Disasters What Parents Can Do.
    National Institutes of Health. No. 07-3518.
    Accessed January 23, 2011 from http//www.nimh.nih
    .gov/health/publications/helping-children-and-adol
    escents-cope-with-violence-and-disasters-parents/h
    elping-children-and-adolescents-cope-with-violence
    -and-disasters-what-parents-can-do.pdf
  • NIMH.(2011) Post Traumatic Stress
    Disorder.(PTSD). Accessed January 23, 2011
    fromhttp//www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/post-tra
    umatic-stress-disorder-ptsd/index.shtml

24
Additional resources
  • www.Redcross.org earthquake safety checklist
  • www.Ceri.memphis.edu- center for earthquake
    research and information at the Univ. of Mem.
  • www.Hud.gov - provides information on disaster
    preparedness and recovery programs
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