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World History II SOL Review

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World History II SOL Review Use these s like flash cards to study for the SOL test WHII.11 WHII.12 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World History II SOL Review


1
World History II SOL Review
  • Use these slides like flash cards to study for
    the SOL test
  • WHII.11 WHII.12

2
Outbreak of World War II
  • What were the major causes for WWII?
  • Aggression by totalitarian powers.
  • Germany, Italy, Japan
  • Nationalism
  • Failures of WHAT treaty?
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • Appeasement
  • Weaknesses of League of Nations
  • Isolationism and Pacifism

3
Major Events of WWII
  • What event marks the beginning of WWII?
  • Germanys invasion of Poland
  • Germanys invasion of what allied nation gave
    them control of both East and West Europe?
  • France

4
(No Transcript)
5
A World Divided
  • Who were the Allied Powers?
  • Great Britain
  • France
  • Soviet Union (after Germany broke their
    non-aggression pact and invaded)
  • The United States
  • Who were the Axis Powers?
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • USSR (until Germany broke their non-aggression
    pact and invaded)

6
Major Events of WWII
  • How did Germany void the Nazi-Soviet
    Non-Aggression Pact?
  • By invading the Soviet Union, August 1943
  • What event brought the US into the war?
  • Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941
  • What was the major blitzkrieg attack of Britain?
  • The Battle of Britain RAF were able to keep the
    Luftwaffe at bay.

7
Major Events of WWII European Theater
  • Hitler invades Soviet Union (1941) Operation
    Barbarossa
  • Battle of Stalingrad (1942) German troops
    weakened and pushed back to the west.
  • What do we call the Allied invasion of Europe?
  • D-Day, Invasion of Normandy (June 6, 1944) the
    Allies liberated France
  • The war in Europe officially came to an end May
    8, 1945, known as _____.
  • VE Day Hitler committed suicide in April,
    1945 and Germany agreed to unconditional
    surrender

8
Major Events of WWII Pacific Theater
  • What battle of the Pacific was a major turning
    point in the war (for the Allies)
  • The Battle of Midway
  • How did the war in Japan end?
  • Atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and
    Nagasaki
  • Which American President made the decision to
    drop the bombs?
  • Harry S. Truman

9
What was The Holocaust?
  • The Nazi controlled killing of more than 6
    million Jews
  • How did the Nazis first suspend the rights of
    Jews?
  • Nuremberg Laws
  • How did the Germans exterminate the Jews?
  • Concentration Camps poison gas
  • The Holocaust is an example of the physical
    extermination of a people what is this called?
  • Genocide

10
What are other examples of 20th-Century Genocide?
  • WHO did the Turkish (Ottoman) government kill
    millions of during WWI??
  • Armenians
  • WHO is responsible for the murder 1 million of
    his own people in Cambodia??
  • Pol Pot
  • WHO engineered the mass killing of Tutus in
    Rwanda?
  • Hutus

11
Post War International Organizations
  • WHAT organization replaced the ineffective League
    of Nations?
  • United Nations
  • WHAT is the name of the strong executive branch
    of the UN?
  • Security Council with 5 permanent members
  • WHY did the UN create the World Bank?
  • Help stabilize world economies

12
Rebuilding Germany
  • HOW did the Allies attempt to de-Nazify Germany?
  • Divided the occupation of Germany amongst the 4
    allies
  • WHAT was the result?
  • A western pro-democracy Germany in the West and
    an eastern-communist Germany in the East
  • WHERE were Nazis tried for crimes against
    humanity?
  • Nuremberg Trials

13
Rebuilding Europe
  • WHAT does USSR gain at the conferences of Tehran,
    Yalta and Potsdam?
  • Allowed to dominate Eastern Europe
  • WHAT was the result?
  • An iron curtain falls between East and West
    Europe (Churchill)
  • WHAT was the US plan for rebuilding Europe and
    stopping the spread of Communism?
  • Marshall Plan

14
Rebuilding Japan
  • Tojo is executed for war crimes
  • Hirohito allowed to keep throne, but no longer
    divine ruler
  • American troops occupy Japan under General
    MacArthur they can have NO military
  • RESULT?
  • Japan transforms into major global economic power

15
What is the COLD WAR?
  • Competition between the two new post-war super
    powers.
  • WHO are these super powers?
  • The US (Truman) and the USSR (Stalin)
  • WHAT Eastern European countries became the USSRs
    buffer states?
  • Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary,
    Poland and Romania

16
COLD WAR alliances and policies
  • WHAT military alliance did the West form after
    WWII?
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
  • What did the Eastern Bloc countries form in
    response?
  • Warsaw Pact
  • As the US and her Allies became concerned about
    communism, they came up with what policy?
  • The Truman Doctrine of Containment

17
COLD WAR cold conflicts
  • WHAT did the USSR do in opposition to the
    creation of a pro-West German state?
  • The Berlin Blockade
  • What was the Wests response?
  • Berlin Airlift
  • As the US and her Allies became concerned about
    communism, they came up with what policy?
  • The Truman Doctrine of Containment
  • How does USSR prevent people from fleeing East
    Berlin to the West?
  • The Berlin Wall the symbol of the Cold War

18
Cold War in Asia
  • WHAT COUNTRY?
  • 1949 Civil War
  • Communists led by Chairman Mao Tse-Tung (Zedong)
  • Nationalists led by Chiang Kai-shek who was
    forced to flee to Taiwan
  • Tension still exists between the Communist
    country and Taiwan
  • CHINA

19
Cold War HOT Conflicts
  • WHAT conflict?
  • Above the 38th Parallel was Communist, below was
    pro-west
  • The North invaded the South in an attempt to
    spread communism
  • The US sent troops to repel invaders
  • It ended in a stalemate.
  • THE KOREAN WAR still divided

20
Cold War HOT Conflicts
  • WHAT conflict?
  • The US was concerned about this conflict because
    of the Domino Theory
  • Ho Chi Minhleader of Communist Nationalists
  • LBJ escalated US involvement in the conflict
    Nixon removed the troops
  • The entire country falls to communism
  • VIETNAM CONFLICT all communist

21
Cold War HOT Conflicts
  • WHAT country?
  • Communist Leader Fidel Castro, supported by the
    Soviet Union (Khrushchev)
  • CIA trained former citizens attempted to
    overthrow Castro at the Bay of Pigs
  • Soviet missiles found in the country prompted
    fear of a nuclear war!
  • Soviet leader Khrushchev backed down to Kennedys
    demands
  • CUBA Cuban Missile Crisis

22
How did the Cold War End?
  • Soviet economy failed
  • Mikhail Gorbachevs (1985-1991) reforms
  • Ban intermediate-range missiles
  • Perestroika economic reforms
  • Glasnost openness
  • What symbolizes the end of the Cold War?
  • Fall of the Berlin Wall
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