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American Indian Strengthening Families Program

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Strengthening Families Program An evidence-based, family skills training program that has been found in research to significantly reduce problem behaviors in children ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American Indian Strengthening Families Program


1
Strengthening Families Program
An evidence-based, family skills
training program that has been found in research
to significantly reduce problem behaviors in
children, improve school performance, and reduce
delinquency and alcohol and drug use in youth.
2
Strengthening Families Program
  • DEVELOPED BY
  • Karol L. Kumpfer, Ph.D.Professor
  • Dept of Health Promotion and Education
  • University of Utah
  • 1901 East South Campus Drive, Room 2142
  • Salt Lake City, Utah 84112
  • Phone (801) 581-7718

3
LutraGroup
Henry O. Whiteside, Ph.D. Managing Partner,
LutraGroup 5215 Pioneer Fork RoadSalt Lake
City, UT 84108-1678 Phone 801.583.4601Fax
801.583.7979 hwhiteside_at_lutragroup.com
4
Ceceilia TsoNAVAJO American Indian Trainer of
Trainers 801.577.2668 ctso2001_at_yahoo.com
Strengthening Families Program TRAINER OF GROUP
LEADERS
5
SFP An Evidence-based Practice
  • NIDA Red Book
  • OJJDP Strengthening Americas Families
  • CSAP Model Program
  • CMHS Model Program
  • ONDCP Model Program
  • International Cochrane Collaboration (Foxcroft,
    et al, 2003)

6
Strengthening Families Program
  • NIDA (1982-1986) research and 15 SFP replications
    found positive results
  • Improved parenting knowledge skills
  • Improved family relationships
  • Improved childrens social skills and
    behavior

7
SFP Important Points
  • SFP is three skills courses Parenting,
    Childrens, Family Skills.
  • SFP skills are for all families they are not
    special skills for deficient families.
  • SFP does make learning Life Skillseasier for
    high-stress families.
  • SFP a family is one or more adults with
  • long-term responsibility for one or more
    children a parent has that responsibility.

8
Family Life Risk Factors
  • Family conflict
  • Lack of love, care and support
  • Weak, severe or inconsistent discipline
  • Lack of family traditions, rituals, ceremonies
  • Low expectations for school success
  • Poor family management
  • Lack of communication
  • Sexual, physical or emotional abuse

9
Biological Risk Factors
  • Genetically Inherited Risks
  • Difficult Temperament
  • Rapid Tempo
  • Autonomic Hyperactivity
  • Lower Verbal IQ
  • Rapid Metabolism of Alcohol
  • Fetal Alcohol Drug Syndrome

10
What is Resiliency?
  • Why does one child in a family or one
  • family in a community do well despite
    adversity?
  • Resilient youth do well despite family and
    personal problems or set-backs.
  • Resilient youth learn from failures and
    bounce-back.
  • Resilient youth are capable of positive change
    after life stress.

11
Seven Resiliency Characteristics
  • Caring and Empathetic
  • Respect
  • Wise and Insightful Wisdom
  • Happy, Optimistic
  • Balance
  • Intelligent and Competent Clever
  • High Self-esteem Walking Tall
  • Direction, Mission or Purpose in Life Right
    Path
  • Determination and Perseverance Hard Worker

12
SFP Teaches Resiliency Skills
  • Speaking and Listening
  • Planning Organizing (family meetings)
  • Problem Solving
  • Peer Resistance
  • Restoring Self-Esteem
  • Identifying Feelings, Taking Criticism
  • Managing Feelings, Coping with Anger

13
SFP Development and History
  • 1st research-based family program for substance
    abusing parents and their children
  • 1982-1984 Developed on NIDA grant for elementary
    school-aged children, ages 6-11
  • Adapted for universal families with children
    ages 10-14
  • 2004 Adapted for at-risk families with children
    ages 12-16
  • Adapted for at-risk families with children ages
    3-5
  • Proven effective with universal and at-risk

14
SFP Cultural Adaptations
  • African-American, rural and urban
  • Spanish language translation
  • Pacific Islander version
  • Canadian version
  • Australian version
  • American Indian versions
  • Swedish, English, Dutch, Spanish versions
  • Similar results for culturally adapted versions,
  • but 40 better recruitment and retention

15
SFP in Indian Country
  • Feb 2008 Mashentucket Pequot Tribe Hartford,
    CT
  • Sept 2007 Manitoulin Island, Canada
  • July 2007 Sioux Tribe, Sioux City, Iowa
  • May 2007 First Nations (3), British Columbia
  • Mar 2007 Pojoaque Pueblo - Santa Fe, NM
  • Mar 2007 Hoonah Tribe, Hoonah, Alaska
  • Mar 2007 Mashentucket Pequot Tribe Hartford,
    CT
  • Feb 2007 Utah American Indian Tribes (IWIC) SLC
    UT
  • July 2006 Sechelt Indian Reservation British
    Columbia
  • Apr 2006 Flathead ReservationPolson, MT
  • Mar 2006 Mashentucket Pequot Tribe Hartford,
    CT
  • Mar 2006 Chippewa-Lac du Flambeau, WI
  • Feb 2006 Coeur du Lain, Idaho
  • Dec 2005 Wind River Tribe, Wind River
    Reservation, ID
  • Nov 2005 Santee Sioux Santee Sioux Tribe,
    Nebraska
  • Apr 2005 NICWA Conference - Albuquerque, NM
  • Apr 2005 Lil Wat Tribe Whistler, B.C.
  • Feb 2005 Southern Ute Indian Tribe - Ignacio, CO
  • Oct 2004 Acoma Pueblo - Acoma, NM

16
Research on SFP in Indian Country
  • Five Feathers SFP in Ft. Hall Shoshone-Bannock
    (CSAP)
  • (Dr. Collette Evans)
  • Strengthening Ojibwa Families (Dr. Les Whitbeck
    June Smith, 2000)
  • Big Lake Project, Indian Walk-In Center, Salt
    Lake City, CSAP
  • Raindancer Youth Services (CSAT) Utah and New
    Mexico
  • First Nations, British Columbia

17
Canadian First Nations Study Family Outcomes
(Smith, 2004)
  • Parental Involvement
  • Positive Parenting
  • Family Cohesion
  • Family Conflict

18
SFP in Practice
  • SFP 3 Life Skills Courses Parents, Childrens
    Family Skills
  • All three are taught together, typically over
    14 weeks
  • Courses can be unbundled, but are most
    effective when taught together

19
SFP Typical Class Session

FAMILY STYLE MEAL
1 Hour Simultaneously 1 Hour
PARENT GROUP
CHILD GROUP
FAMILY GROUP
20
A Typical Weekly Session
  • Dinner - families sit together, with other
    families Group Leaders
  • 1st Class Hour Parents Group and Childrens
    Group
  • 2nd Class Hour families rejoin divide into
    two Family Groups
  • Baby-sitting for children under 6
    children
    11 trained, paid as aides

21
Staffing Requirements
  • 4 Group Leaders 2 for Parent Group, 2 for
    Childrens Group
  • Top Qualifications for Leaders
  • sincere desire to help families learn SFP
  • personal skills one-to-one group
  • understanding why and how SFP works
  • Group Leaders mix salaried and hourly contracted
    staff to balance teams to include men women,
    ethnicities.

22
SFP Course Materials
  • 3 Group Leader Manuals Parents, Childrens
    Family Groups - including complete lessons for
    all classes
  • 2 Handbooks or Handouts Parents and Childrens
    - worksheets, lessons
  • 1 Implementation Manual - including outcome,
    process fidelity checks
  • Handbooks are included, chapter by chapter, in
    Group Leader Manuals

23
SFP Parent Results Across Five Multicultural
Studies (Kumpfer, Alvarado, Smith, Bellamy,
2002)
  • ?Increased Parenting Efficacy
  • ?Increased Parenting Skills
  • ?Increased Communication
  • ?Decreased Stress
  • ?Decreased Depression
  • ?Decreased Substance Use

24
SFP ResultsChild
  • ? Decreased depression
  • ? Decreased conduct disorders
  • ? Decreased aggression
  • ? Decreased tobacco, alcohol, drug use
  • ? Increased cooperation
  • ? Increased number of pro-social friends
  • ? Increased social competencies
  • ? Increased school grades

25
How to Contact Us
  • American Indian Strengthening Families Program
  • Ceceilia Tso, Navajoctso2001_at_yahoo.com
  • Strengthening Families Program
  • Karol Kumpfer, PhDkarol.kumpfer_at_health.utah.edu
  • LutraGroup
  • Henry Whiteside, PhD
  • hwhiteside_at_lutragroup.com

26
Thank You
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