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Revolutionary Ideologies: The

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Revolutionary Ideologies: The -isms 1750-1914 Lesson 2 Main Ideas: All revolutions have ideological origins, and as a result are led by intellectual/educated ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Revolutionary Ideologies: The


1
Revolutionary Ideologies The -isms
  • 1750-1914 Lesson 2

2
Main Ideas
  • All revolutions have ideological origins, and as
    a result are led by intellectual/educated groups
  • The late-18th 19th Centuries were characterized
    by ideological transformations influenced by the
    Enlightenment and by economic changes
  • Generally, these ideologies place greater
    emphasis on the common classes than any previous
    intellectual movements

3
Liberalism
  • American, French, Haitian, Information
  • Enlightenment origins
  • natural rights equality
  • supremacy of law
  • govt. by consent
  • Deism
  • Role of the bourgeoisie
  • economics
  • Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, Jefferson, Robespierre

4
Nationalism
  • American, French, Haitian, Iranian, South African
  • Nations Nation-States
  • Fundamentals
  • ultimate loyalty to the nation
  • states should organize according to character of
    the nation
  • Nationalism vs. Patriotism
  • Pros Cons
  • power of emotion
  • Hamilton, Napoleon, Bolívar, Zapata, Mussolini,
    Hitler

5
Capitalism
  • Industrial, Information
  • Economic liberalism
  • Fundamentals
  • Law of Supply Demand
  • laissez faire
  • markets controlled by individuals (not govt.)
  • Pros cons
  • entrepreneurs vs. workers
  • Smith, Ricardo, Malthus

6
Socialism
  • Industrial, South African, Mexican
  • When capitalism runs amok
  • Fundamentals
  • Critical resources controlled by govt.
  • Lifes essentials distributed equitably
  • Pros cons
  • The Welfare State
  • Fourier, Saint-Simon, Owen, Zapata Villa,
    Khomeini

7
Communism
  • Russian, Chinese
  • Marx the dialectic
  • Fundamentals
  • History a story of class struggles
  • Capitalism naturally erodes itself
  • Proletariat rises at critical point to create
    classless society
  • No property, only the State
  • Pros cons
  • Communism vs. Individualism
  • Role of violence weaknesses
  • Inefficiency
  • Marx, Engels, Lenin, Mao

8
Fundamentalism
  • Iranian
  • Fundamental The Basics typically associated
    with religion
  • Fundamentals
  • Scriptural/philosophical sources to be taken
    literally
  • Society reorganized along religious/ideological
    doctrine
  • Purification through religious/ideological
    fervor
  • Pros cons
  • Power of belief
  • Khomeini, Koresh, bin Laden

9
A Modern Perspective
  • Jihad vs. McWorld (Benjamin Barber)
  • Thesis modern shift toward globalism is
    disintegrating the nation-state and driving
    people into two camps
  • McWorld identification through corporatism
    mass consumer culture
  • Jihad those who cant enter McWorld organize in
    a tribalist manner along fundamentalist lines
    (nationalist/cultural, religious, etc.)
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