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Safety in Clinical Laboratory Sciences

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Safety in Clinical Laboratory Sciences Portable appliance testing (commonly known as PAT or PAT Inspection or PAT Testing) is a process in the United Kingdom, New ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Safety in Clinical Laboratory Sciences


1
Safety in Clinical Laboratory Sciences
2
Clinical Laboratory Professional
  • Clinical laboratory professionals analyze
    blood, body fluids, tissues and cells to
    determine the presence or absence of disease
  • They are highly skilled in the use of the latest
    in biomedical techniques and instrumentation
  • Clinical laboratory professionals are vital
    members of the health care team

3
Prepare red blood cells, platelets, plasma for
safe transfusion Use techniques to detect
antibodies to Strep Infections, Lyme Disease,
Infectious Mono, and many other diseases And
Many other work .. You Need to Perform Safely
in Safety Environment
4
Lab Hazards
  • The chemical reagents that are use can be
    dangerous if not used properly
  • Caustic / corrosive
  • Patient specimens must be handled with caution
    due to the possibility of infectious agents
  • HIV, Hepatitis B and C, meningitis, antibiotic
    resistant pathogens, etc

5
Laboratory Safety
  • Laboratory safety is the key to reducing injury
    and illness.
  • There are many exposures in the laboratory that
    pose a hazard to your health and you may have
    never considered them as a hazard before.
  • It is important to have proper training so you,
    are aware of the potential dangers that may
    threaten your health or life.

6
Why does it matter?
  • Safe working protects
  • You
  • Other lab workers
  • Cleaners
  • Visitors
  • Your work

7
Protecting yourself
  • Wear the clothing and protective wear identified
    in your risk assessment
  • Laboratory coats must be kept fastened.
  • Dont wear sandals or open shoes
  • Long hair must be tied back
  • Wear cloves when handling samples and reagent.
  • Remove your gloves before using instruments,
    telephone, and leaving the laboratory

8
Laboratory hygiene
  • Never eat, drink or smoke in a laboratory
  • Never apply cosmetics
  • Never touch your face, mouth or eyes
  • Never suck pens or chew pencils
  • Always wash your hands before you leave and
    especially before eating

9
Personnel Safety Practices
  • Always wash your hands thourougly before leaving
    the laboratory
  • Disinfect your workspace before starting work and
    when finishing
  • Read the labels of chemicals carefully
  • Read procedures before performing them and
    visualize hazardous steps
  • Minimize use of sharp objects (needles, broken
    glass) and know how to dispose of them
  • Clean up spills and pick up any dropped items
    immediately
  • Label everything clearly
  • Use a fume hood for chemicals and solvents that
    you can smell, has known toxic properties, or is
    unfamiliar to you.
  • Record everything in your lab notebook
  • Always report accidents, however minor.

10
What are the general hazards in a laboratory?
  • Fire
  • Breakage of glassware
  • Sharps
  • Spillages
  • Pressure equipment gas cylinders
  • Extremes of heat cold
  • Chemical hazards
  • Biological hazards
  • Radiation
  • And many more!

11
Avoiding Fires
  • Flammable substances
  • Use minimum quantity
  • Store in special storage cabinet.
  • Use temperature-controlled heating sources
  • (eg water-bath rather than hot-plate or Bunsen
    burner)

12
Minimise fire damage
  • Make sure corridor fire doors and laboratory
    doors are kept shut at all times

13
Fire Safety
  • Make sure that you know what to do
  • If you have a fire
  • If you hear a fire alarm
  • If you are a member of staff you must attend fire
    training annually. Post graduates should also
    seriously consider doing so.

14
Glassware
  • Use correct techniques for the insertion of
    tubing onto glassware
  • Never use glassware under pressure or vacuum
    unless it is designed for the job and suitably
    shielded
  • Dispose of chipped or broken glassware it is a
    risk to you and others
  • Always dispose of broken glass in a glass bin or
    sharps bin and not in a general waste bin

15
Spillages
  • Clear up spillage promptly
  • Dispose of any hazardous material as toxic waste

Messy workers are usually poor workers!!
16
Activity
  • What are the Spillages can be occurred in the
    lab, and how we clean up these spillages?

17
Cryogenics
  • Liquid gasses are extremely cold and can cause
    burns
  • Liquid gases evaporate and many can cause
    asphyxiation
  • If you need to take cryogens in a lift, there are
    special procedures to follow speak to your
    supervisor or a senior member of technical staff
  • You must have special training to use them

18
Electrical Equipment
  • Always do a visual check on electrical equipment
    before use, looking for obvious wear or defects
  • All portable electrical equipment must have a
    current PAT test sticker
  • NEVER use defective equipment

19
General Tidiness
  • Keep your workplace tidy
  • Clear up waste, deal with washing up and put
    things away as you finish with them
  • Make sure everything is safe before you leave
    things unattended
  • A tidy laboratory avoids accidents to everyone

X
20
Laboratory Equipment
  • Never use any laboratory equipment unless you are
    trained have been authorised to do so
  • As well as injuring yourself you may cause very
    costly damage

21
First Aid
  • All laboratory workers should undergo simple
    first aid training
  • For ALL chemical splashes, wash with plenty of
    water for 10 minutes
  • Control bleeding with direct pressure, avoiding
    any foreign bodies such as glass
  • Report all accidents to your teaher or
    departmental safety officer

22
Protecting your health
  • If you have an allergy to lab materials or suffer
    from a medical condition which may affect you in
    the laboratory (eg diabetes or epilepsy), ensure
    that your supervisor knows

23
Waste Materials
  • Part of your risk assessment will be to determine
    how to dispose of waste lab materials safely
  • Solvents and oils must be segregated into the
    correct waste bottle or drum
  • Your teacher will help you determine what to do
    with chemical or biological materials
  • Do not put materials down the drain or in with
    normal waste unless authorised to do so.

24
When in doubt ASK!!!
  • Do not carry out a new or unfamiliar procedure
    until you have been fully trained understand
    the precautions necessary for safe working
  • DO NOT GUESS!!!!

25
Thank you
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