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Biosecurity

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Causative Agent Virus Infects Humans, Birds, Mosquitoes, Horses and Other Mammals Transmission Birds are the reservoir host Mosquitoes become infected when they feed ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Biosecurity


1
(No Transcript)
2
Causative Agent
  • Virus
  • Infects Humans, Birds, Mosquitoes, Horses and
    Other Mammals

3
Transmission
  • Birds are the reservoir host
  • Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on
    infected birds
  • Mosquitoes can then transmit the virus to humans
    and other animals when they bite

4
Clinical Signs in Horses
  • Impaired vision
  • Circling
  • Head pressing
  • Inability to swallow
  • Paralysis
  • Convulsions

5
Diagnosis Treatment for Horses
  • Clinical signs consistent with the disease
  • Serology (blood test)
  • Post-mortem examination (necropsy) if horse
    deceased
  • Symptomatic and supportive treatment by licensed
    veterinarian
  • Treatment is potentially costly and affected
    animals may die despite treatment

6
Prevention
  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis Vaccine
  • Killed product
  • 2 doses
  • 3-6 weeks apart
  • Annual or Semi-Annual Booster
  • Specific vaccination strategy should be sought
    from your local equine veterinarian
  • Vaccination is a highly effective and relatively
    inexpensive way to prevent this potentially
    deadly disease

7
Mosquito Management
  • Source Reduction
  • Minimize mosquito breeding areas
  • Limit standing water
  • Old tires, swimming pools, rain gutters,
    containers that hold water

8
Personal Protection
  • Limit time outside during periods of mosquito
    activity
  • Use mosquito repellant
  • Wear long sleeves and pants when outdoors
  • Make sure window screens are intact
  • Consult health care provider for additional
    information

9
Who should I contact if EEE suspected ?
  • Animals
  • Contact your veterinarian
  • Humans
  • Contact your health care provider

10
For more Information
  • http//www.cfsph.iastate.edu/DiseaseInfo/index.php
  • http//www.cdc.gov/EasternEquineEncephalitis/index
    .html
  • www.vdh.state.va.us
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