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Road Information System / Road Data Bank 10 April 2013 Lars Bergman M. Sc. In Civil Engineering Long Term Planning

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Road Information System / Road Data Bank 10 April 2013 Lars Bergman M. Sc. In Civil Engineering Long Term Planning Swedish Transport Administration – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Road Information System / Road Data Bank 10 April 2013 Lars Bergman M. Sc. In Civil Engineering Long Term Planning


1
Road Information System /Road Data Bank10
April 2013Lars BergmanM. Sc. In Civil
EngineeringLong Term Planning
Swedish Transport Administration
2
  • Contents
  • Swedish Transport AdministrationFacts about the
    Swedish transport networkOrganisation of the
    Transport Administration
  • Road Data BankVision and strategyStructureRefer
    encing systemActions to taken and establishment
    of a plan
  • The use and benefits of a RDBDaily activities
    using a Road Data BankApplicationsGeographic
    Information SystemBenefit of the Road
    Information System
  • IT strategy

3
Facts about the Swedish Transport net work
Population 9 500 000 inhabitants Country size
410 000 km² Density of population 23 inhabitants
/ km²
Railways 11 000 km public transportation Of
which 7 800 km are electrified Roads 98 400 km
state roads 41 000 km municipality streets and
roads 76 100 km private roads with state
subsidies Air 52 approved airports Maritime 70
0 fairways 50 public ports
4
Organisation of the Transport Administration Divid
ed into six regions with region offices and local
offices
5
Road Information System vision
  • A Road Information System / Road Data Bank
  • Is the basis for a national road information
    system where amongst others transport companies
    can plan for best use of the available road
    network and thereby reducing total cost for
    transportation.
  • would form part of the transport layer in a
    geographic information system for nationwide
    physical planning.

6
Road Information System
  • A Road Information System is
  • a structured set of data describing a well
    defined road network and related items,
  • necessary tools to supply and maintain these data
  • sophisticated analysis instruments to retrieve
    information in order to make better use of the
    road transport system.
  • The aim of a Road Information System is to
    provide
  • proper knowledge about current road conditions
  • good knowledge on cost and effects from actions
  • proper tools to analyze the effects of actions in
    order to prioritize and plan for the best use of
    available funds.

7
Road Information System strategy
  • By using a Road Information System based on
  • Necessary organization
  • Cost effective IT-infrastructure
  • Structured sets of high quality data describing a
    well defined road network and related items
  • Necessary tools to supply and maintain data
  • Sophisticated analysis instruments to retrieve
    information
  • Available funds would come to better use.

8
Concept of the Road Information System
Bridge- data
Traffic- data
Paving data
Accident data
RST- data
Road data
Road Net
Common platform for all road-related information
9
Road Information System
10
Road Information System vision
Design
Data Input
Data Input
Data Input
Planning
Construction
Result Analysis
Maintenance
Data Input
Data Input
11
Referencing System
  • A need for a road network referencing model
  • Need to be stable over time in order to compare
    data and support benchmarking from one year to
    another
  • Make it easy for data collection, storing of data
    as well as analysing of data
  • A various ways Link Node concept (good for
    a Road Administration) KM-Post concept (good
    for a Road Administration) Road by road (good
    only for road inventories) XY-coordinates (good
    only for mapping) etc

12
Referencing System continue
Main road
Link Node
KM-post
1 km length
Junctions at Main roads
Node (Link Node, junctions to other roads)
KM-post (1 km section)
13
Road Information System referencing
Long section
Node - Link
Milestones/ KM-post
14
Road Information System referencing
15
Road Information System actions
  • A Road Information strategy
  • with attached vision and plans in order to have
    documents agreed by the management that determine
  • what are the goals
  • how to reach there
  • what funds and resources are available to get
    there.

16
Road Information System actions
  • A road referencing system
  • where all involved parties agree upon a
    persistent addressing scheme for relating items
    to the road network.
  • Where all collected road data must be related to.

17
Road Information System actions
  • A data catalogue where agreed definitions of road
    related items can be stored.
  • Solid definitions of every item that is going to
    be stored in the Road Information System.
  • An implemented data model that support for the
    proper connection between road network
    description and items related to the road network.

18
Road Information System actions
  • The proper software tools for establishment,
    maintenance, update and retrieval of road network
    description and related items.
  • A solid description of data collection routines
    and quality measures for every item that is going
    to be stored in the Road Information System.
  • An organization responsible for data collection,
    data maintenance and quality measure for all data
    that is going to be stored in the Road
    Information System.

19
Road Information System actions
  • An IT infrastructure for resource and data
    sharing which in reality translates into a
    computer network with common servers for all
    levels of the Ministry organization where data is
    secured and made available by means of Ministry
    standards.
  • An organization responsible for the development,
    operation and maintenance of IT strategy, road
    network, road referencing and IT infrastructure
    in order to cater for long term availability of
    road related information.

20
Road Information System plan
  • Road network description and road referencing are
    the first steps in the development of a road
    information system and have to be established
    before any programming and data collection of
    road items starts.
  • IT strategy can, and always will, be an ongoing
    effort but Organization and IT infrastructure can
    be introduced in steps and has to be fully
    established when the first version of the road
    information system is to be released.

21
Road Information System plan
  • Make it simple
  • Involve management
  • Integrate organization
  • Test before release
  • Be aware of critical choices
  • Support from the start

22
Relation to daily activities
23
Applications
Traffic Safety Road and Bridge design Routine
road maintenance Pavement maintenance Road
inspections Quality Control / Follow Up Work
Planning Long-term network improvement Traffic
forecasting and analyse Etc.
  • Data Management
  • Data entry
  • Processing
  • Presentation
  • Security

GIS System
24
Geographic Information System
  • Map production
  • Data integration
  • Data availability
  • Tools availability
  • Common formats

25
Geographic Information System continue
How to use it
  • Background
  • Location
  • Presentations
  • Planning
  • To avoid conflict with environmental and other
    interests
  • Maintenance
  • Where is bad pavement in this area located?

26
Benefits of a Road Information System
  • Information is available for those who need it,
    when they need it
  • Structured data
  • Easy follow-up
  • Data with known quality
  • Saves money

27
Information Management strategy and vision
  • Vision without action is a daydream Action
    without vision is just a waste of time and effort
  • Vision and its need of actions is collected and
    determined in the IT-strategy
  • Information is a common resource and should flow
    freely
  • Standards are needed for cooperation and give
    cost reductions
  • Based on the current situation and the wanted
    situation
  • Must be agreed by top level management in the
    various sectors
  • Need to be done in steps
  • Long-term covering 3 and 5 years
  • Review on a yearly basis

28
Information Management strategy and
vision continue
  • The IT-strategy should include the following
  • Main principles and organisation
  • Tasks and responsibility to the IT-directorate
    aswell as the end-users
  • Technical aspects such as network, soft- and
    hardware, etc
  • Standards and Applications
  • Education at the Computer Department
  • Training of the staff using computers in daily
    activities
  • Time schedule

29
Information Management strategy and
vision continue
Aim
Target
Vision
Strategy
Policy
System
Information
Organization
INFO.-IT
Operational-IT
Architecture
Quality
Management
Business-IT
Development
Security
Client
Rules Plans
Infrastructure
30
Organisation
  • Vision, strategy and plan
  • Set IT standards
  • Management of IT infrastructure
  • Common data and applications
  • Education and training
  • Supporting IT systems
  • Purchase and maintenance
  • Development
  • Data Entry, Processing, Analyse of data

31
Organisation continue
  • Establish IT infrastructure
  • Network and servers
  • Routines and management
  • Establish IT management
  • Vision, strategy and plan
  • IT standards
  • Improve quality and availability of data
  • Identify needs and flows
  • Set up standards

32
IT organization
  • Vision, strategy and plan
  • Set IT standards
  • Management of IT infrastructure
  • Common data and applications
  • Education and training
  • Supporting IT systems
  • Purchase and maintenance
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