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MENTAL HEALTH

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FOCUS SHOULD BE ON MENTAL WELL BEING INSTEAD OF MENTAL ILLNESS Characteristics of a Mentally ... his daily responsibilities TYPES OF MENTAL ILLNESSES ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MENTAL HEALTH


1
MENTAL HEALTH
  • DR.F.X.LOVELINA LITTLE FLOWER
  • READER
  • DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WORK
  • BHARATHIAR UNIVERSITY
  • COIMBATORE 641 046

2
QUESTIONS
  • 1. Are you always worrying?
  • 2. Are you unable to concentrate because of
    unrecognized reasons?
  • 3. Are you continually unhappy without justified
    cause?
  • 4. Do you lose your temper easily and often?
  • 5. Are you troubled by regular insomnia?
  • 6. Do you have wide fluctuations in your moods
    from depression to elation, back to depression,
    which incapacitate you?

3
QUESTIONS cont
  • 7. Do you continually dislike to be with people?
  • 8. Are you upset if the routine of your life is
    disturbed?
  • 9. Do your children consistently get on your
    nerves?
  • 10. Are you browned off and constantly bitter?
  • 11. Are you afraid without real cause?
  • 12. Are you always right and other person always
    wrong?
  • 13. Do you have numerous aches and pains for
    which no doctor can find a physical cause?

4
ANSWER
  • YES to ANYONE question
  • HELP IS NECESSARY.
  • Acc.to Dr. Menninger, the questions are the major
    warning signals of poor mental health.

5
What is Mental Health?
  • a state of well-being in which the individual
    realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with
    the normal stresses of life, can work
    productively and fruitfully and is able to make a
    contribution to his or her community.
  • the state of our minds, how we think, behave and
    feel

6
PROBLEM STATEMENT
  • WORLD mental disorders are not exclusive to any
    special group, they are truly universal
  • Found in people of all regions, countries and
    societies
  • Acc. to WHO,(Global burden of disease, 2000),
  • about 450 million people were estimated to be
    suffering from neuropsychiatric conditions.

7
INDIA
  • As per IANS As many as 20 million Indians are
    believed to be suffering from mental illnesses.
  • M.S. Bhatia, head of the psychiatric department
    at G.T.B. Hospital, said "A shocking 70 million
    people suffer from mental ailments and yet, 50-90
    percent of them are not able to access corrective
    services. Awareness of mental health is just not
    enough."
  • According to a health ministry, the ministry has
    allocated Rs.1,000 crore for the programme in the
    11th Five Year plan.

8
FOCUS
  • SHOULD BE ON MENTAL WELL BEING INSTEAD OF
    MENTAL ILLNESS

9
Characteristics of a Mentally healthy person.
  • 1.He feels comfortable about himself.
  • -feels reasonably secure and adequate
  • - neither underestimates nor overestimates his
    own ability
  • 2. He feels right towards other
  • -satisfying and lasting friendship
  • -able to like and trust others
  • 3. He is able to meet the demands of life.
  • -able to think for himself and take decisions
  • -shoulders his daily responsibilities

10
TYPES OF MENTAL ILLNESSES
  • Major illnesses
  • -Schizophrenia (split personality) in which the
    patient lives in a dream of his own world
  • -Manic depressive psychosis, the symptoms vary
    from heights of elation to depths of depression
  • -Paranoia, undue and extreme suspicion and a
    progressive tendency to regard the whole world in
    a framework of delusions

11
MINOR MENTAL ILLNESSES
  • Neurosis or Psychoneurosis the patient is unable
    to react normally to life situations
  • Personality and character disorders, this group
    of disorders are the legacy of unfortunate
    childhood experiences and perceptions

12
CAUSES
  • Organic conditions
  • Heredity
  • Social pathological comprise of worries,
    anxieties, stress, tension, frustration, unhappy
    marriages, broken homes, poverty,
    industrialization, urbanization, changing family
    structure, economic insecurity, cruelty,
    rejection, etc,
  • Social environment not only determines the
    individuals attitudes but also provides the
    framework within which mental health is
    formulated

13
PREVENTIVE ASPECTS
  • improving the social environment and promotion
    of the social, emotional and physical well being
  • Early diagnosis of mental illnesses through
    screening programmes
  • Reducing the duration of mental illness and thus
    reduce the stresses they create for the family
    and the community

14
Self-care Techniques
  • 1. Relax
  • 2. Practice acceptance
  • 3. Talk rationally with yourself
  • 4. Get organized
  • 5. Do exercises
  • 6. Reduce Time urgency
  • 7. Disarm yourself
  • 8. Care for your hobbies
  • 9. Watch your habits
  • 10. Spend time with your friends

15
THANK YOU
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