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A Brief Overview of the Russian Revolution

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The Russian Revolution is the name for a series of events in 1917 Russia, which destroyed the czarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A Brief Overview of the Russian Revolution


1
A Brief Overview of the Russian Revolution
2
What is the Russian Revolution?
  • The Russian Revolution is the name for a
    series of events in 1917 Russia, which destroyed
    the czarist autocracy and led to the creation of
    the Soviet Union.
  • Czar (AKA tsar) the ruler of the Russian
    Empire
  • Autocracy rule by one (monarch,
    dictator.)

3
Why did it Happen?
  • People were very unhappy with the way that the
    czar and his government were running the country.
  • 1. People did not have a say in their
    government. The czar had the final say on
    everything.
  • 2. The poor were very poor, while the rich
    were very rich.
  • 3. They were mad about their involvement in War
    World I.

4
Czar Nicholas II
He believed he was the unquestionable leader of
Russia appointed by God.
5
Luxury Beyond Belief
This is the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg. It
is the czar and his familys home. Three stories
high, the palace has 1,945 windows, 1,057 rooms
and 1,987 doors.
6
Inside the Winter Palace
This was just one of the 8 palaces he owned,
which were staffed by15,000 servants.
7
The Summer Palace
8
Model of the Summer Palace
9
Inside the Summer Palace
Yes, that is gold on the walls real gold.
10
Inside the Summer Palace
11
Artwork on the Ceiling of the Summer Palace
12
The Life of the Peasants
While the czar and his family were enjoying their
many palaces and life of luxury, the other half
was living a very different life.
13
Peasants at Work
14
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15
Broom Factory, 1910
16
An Early Russian Factory
17
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18
Peasants at Home
19
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20
Weak Economy
  • Even before the Russian Revolution, the peasants
    were unhappy with their lives .
  • The economy was very weak. Mothers and fathers
    did not have enough money to buy food for their
    kids.

21
1905 Protests
22
Bloody Sunday
Czar Nicholas II had unarmed protesters murdered
in the streets in 1905.
23

World War I
  • Soldiers at the front were having a hard time,
    too.
  • 1. not enough food
  • 2. did not have shoes, warm clothes
  • 3. often did not have weapons

24
An Eyewitness Account
  • Here with us the light has gone out of
    everything. We are hungry, dressed in rags, and
    barefooted. The food is very bad, and we have
    very little bread. The only meal we get is
    horse-flesh, and that is not fresh. We have got a
    horse of our own, but have nothing to feed it
    with, so we are thinking of eating it ourselves.
    There is no help for us anywhere. It is our fate
    to be thrown aside and forgotten by the world and
    to die of cold and hunger.
  • A Russian Soldiers Letter to his nurse, 1917

25
The Russian Revolution Begins
  • The Russian Revolution started in 1917 and had
    two parts. The first part is the February
    Revolution.
  • 1. People rioted because of lack of food, poor
    working conditions..
  • 2. The czar abdicated (gave up) his throne.
  • 3. A new, provisional government took over.

26
February Bread Riot
27
February (March) 1917
28
The Revolution Continues
  • The second part of the revolution was called the
    October Revolution. It is often called the
    Bolshevik Revolution. It was led by Vladmir
    Lenin, who believed in the ideology (ideas) of
    Karl Marx.
  • They promised to get the country out of the war,
    which they did, and to give everyone
  • Peace, Land, and Bread! which they did not.
  • Czar Nicholas II and his family were
    executed.

29
Nicholas II The Last Romanov Czar
r. 1894-1917
30
The Czar His Family
Legend has it that his youngest daughter,
Anastasia, escaped execution. She did not.
31
The Fighting Continues
  • The revolution might have been over, but the
    fighting was not. A two year civil war divided
    the country.
  • The Reds and the Whites fought for control of the
    country. A r a red
    army tank

32
Which side are you on Cossack?
33
The Civil War Ends
  • The Reds won, with Lenin at the helm. He changed
    Russias name to the Soviet Union.
  • It was now a communist country.
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