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Use of Simulation/Exercise in Disaster Preparedness

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Use of Simulation/Exercise in Disaster Preparedness. Dr. Charles W. Beadling. Central Asia Regional Health Security Conference. 17-19 April 2012. Garmisch ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Use of Simulation/Exercise in Disaster Preparedness


1
Use of Simulation/Exercise in Disaster
Preparedness
  • Dr. Charles W. Beadling
  • Central Asia Regional Health Security Conference
  • 17-19 April 2012
  • Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany

2
Overview
  • Phases of Effective Disaster Response
  • Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster Preparedness
  • Disaster Preparedness Cycle
  • Simulation/Exercise as a Tool
  • Purposes
  • Table Top
  • Live
  • What are your main threats?

3
3 Phases of Disaster Response
4
Prepare
  • Actions taken before an incident
  • Analyzing threats, risks
  • Risk reduction
  • Planning
  • Rehearsal (Exercise)
  • Community education

5
Disaster Risk
  • Disaster Risk is frequently calculated as
  • Risk Hazard X Vulnerability
  • Hazard threat the frequency of potential
    adverse event
  • Frequency of a hurricane hitting Florida 1.4
    per year
  • Vulnerability likelihood of adverse outcomes
  • Concentrations of populations in flood plains
  • Socio-economic vulnerability, urbanization

6
Disaster Preparedness Reduces Disaster Risk
  • Methods of risk reduction
  • Prevention
  • Transportation safety
  • Industrial standards
  • Limit adverse effects
  • Mitigation Improve structures in seismic area
  • Improve Disaster Preparedness

7
Respond
  • First Responders
  • Fire, Police, Medical
  • Order on chaos
  • Coordination
  • Command structure
  • Decontamination?
  • Chemical, Biological, Radiological
  • Persisting threats?
  • Secondary device
  • Search and rescue

8
Recovery
  • Short term days to weeks
  • Clean up
  • Essential services
  • Psychological support
  • Long term months to years
  • Rebuild

9
Preparedness Cycle
Capability Building
10
Plan
  • Collect and analyze data
  • What crises have occurred?
  • What was the result?
  • Develop laws, policies, plans and procedures
  • General all hazards
  • Specific threats
  • National, local levels need to be aligned

11
Organize, Train and Equip
  • Organize
  • Leadership and teams
  • Triage, Treatment, Decontamination, Evacuation,
    etc.
  • Train Individuals and teams
  • Performance standards
  • Equip Depend on size, roles

12
Exercises
13
Exercises
  • Test plans identify gaps
  • Improve proficiency
  • Familiarize with plans
  • Familiarize with roles
  • Assess performance
  • Validate certification

14
Exercises
  • Improve coordination
  • Improve communication
  • Identify risks for reduction
  • Low risk environment
  • Table top exercises
  • Live exercises

15
Table Top Exercises
  • Advantages
  • No need for equipment
  • Not effected by weather
  • Test plans for gaps
  • Gain experience with roles and responsibilities
  • Practice coordination and communication
  • Those without experience learn from those with
    experience
  • Disadvantages
  • Lose effect of time space
  • No experience operating equipment
  • Risk unrealistic solutions

16
Live Exercises
  • Advantages
  • More realistic experience
  • Exposure to weather, terrain
  • Disadvantages
  • Expense
  • Time lost from work
  • Impact of weather

17
Community involvement
  • Workplace exercises
  • Fire response
  • Evacuation
  • School drills shelter, active shooter
  • Test emergency warning sirens, radio/television
    announcements
  • City evacuation routes

18
Evaluate and Improve
  • Review actions after exercise
  • Were there situations not adequately covered in
    plan?
  • Was there adequate resources protective
    equipment, food stocks?
  • Correct plans, resources, training as needed
  • There will be another opportunity if it is a
    real disaster, be ready!

19
Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program
  • A standardized methodology and terminology for
    exercise design, development, conduct,
    evaluation, and improvement planning
  • Policy guidance
  • Online training courses
  • Tools technology
  • Technical assistance

https//hseep.dhs.gov/pages/1001_HSEEP7.aspx
20
Summary
  • 3 Phases to a disaster
  • Prepare, Respond, Recover
  • Risk Hazard X Vulnerability
  • Preparedness Cycle

21
Summary Exercises
  • Test plans identify gaps
  • Improve proficiency
  • Familiarize with plans
  • Familiarize with roles
  • Assess performance
  • Validate certification
  • Improve coordination
  • Improve communication
  • Identify risks for reduction
  • Low risk environment
  • Table top exercises
  • Live exercises

22
Questions?
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