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Safer Needle Devices: Protecting Health Care Workers

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Most personal protective equipment is easily penetrated by needles UNSAFE NEEDLE DEVICES Do Safer Needle Devices Prevent Injury? Can t eliminate all, but ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Safer Needle Devices: Protecting Health Care Workers


1
Safer Needle Devices Protecting Health Care
Workers
2
Purpose of this Presentation
  • Update statistics
  • Define and discuss safer needle devices
  • Examine OSHAs position on the use of safer
    needle devices

3
The Pattern of Needlestick Injuries
  • Who?
  • What?
  • Where?
  • When?

4
800,000 Needlestick Injuries Occur Each Year in
the United States
5
Needlestick Injuries Are Costly
  • Time and money to investigated the source
  • Post-exposure care
  • Lost work time and productivity
  • Treatment of resulting illnesses
  • Workers lives

6
Who Is Injured Most Frequently?
7
Needlestick Injuries Among Health Care Workers
8
Underreporting Reasons
  • Lack of time
  • Employer response
  • Concern about HIV status

9
What Types of Devices Are Most Commonly Involved
in Needlestick Injuries?
10
  • Hollow-bore needles are the cause of injury in
    68.5 of cases

11
Items Most Frequently Causing Sharp-Object
Injuries, 1995
12
Where Do Most Needlestick Injuries Occur?
13
Location Where Puncture Injuries and Other Blood
Exposures Occurred, 1995
14
Which Tasks Involve the Most Injuries?
15
  • The majority of needlesticks occur when health
    care workers
  • Dispose of needles
  • Administer injections
  • Draw blood
  • Recap needles
  • Handle trash and dirty linens

16
When Do Needlesticks Happen?
17
How Serious a Threat Are Needlestick Injuries to
Health Care Workers?
18
800,000 Needlestick Injuries Occur Each Year in
the United States
19
16,000 of These Are Likely to Be Contaminated by
HIV
20
Up to 80 of All Accident Exposures to Blood Are
Caused by Needlestick Injuries
21
(No Transcript)
22
HBV and HCV Pose an Even Greater Risk Then HIV
23
Prevalence in the Patient Population
24
Occupational Risk of Hepatitis B
  • Much more transmissible than HIV
  • Risk after needlestick 2 - 40
  • 1994 - 1000 health care workers developed HBV
    infection
  • Approximately 200 HCWs die each year

25
Estimated Incidence of Acute Hepatitis B,
1978-1995
26
Occupational Risk of Hepatitis C
  • HCV - major cause of chronic liver disease
  • No vaccine
  • No effective post-exposure prophylaxis
  • 85 of HCV infected people develop chronic
    infection

27
Occupational Risk of HIV
  • Risk after needlestick - 1 in 300
  • Exposures from needlesticks or cuts cause most
    infections

28
HCWs with Occupationally Acquired HIV/AIDS
Infection
29
Health Care Workers with Occupationally Acquired
AIDS/HIV
30
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Alone Usually
Does Not Adequately Protect the Health Care
Worker from Needlesticks
  • PPE, such as gloves provide a barrier, but
  • Most personal protective equipment is easily
    penetrated by needles

31
UNSAFE NEEDLE DEVICES
NEEDLESTICK INJURIES
32
(No Transcript)
33
Do Safer Needle Devices Prevent Injury?
  • Cant eliminate all, but
  • 83 can be prevented

34
Reduction in Needlestick Injuries
35
(No Transcript)
36
(No Transcript)
37
Evaluating and Selecting Safer Needle Devices
38
(No Transcript)
39
Types of Safety Features
40
(No Transcript)
41
OSHAs Position on Safer Needle Devices
  • Bloodborne Pathogens Standard requires use of
    engineering and work practice controls
  • Failure to use engineering/work practice controls
    could result in a citation
  • Devices which offer alternatives to needles are
    preferable

42
Safer Needle Devices
43
Safer Needle Devices protect workers from
exposure to life-threatening diseases by
preventing needlestick injuries
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