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Painting Pictures With Your Words

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Lance Armstrong raced his bike across the bridge, his hands gripping the handlebars tightly. (Big picture, Armstrong racing his bike; Zoom, his hands) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Painting Pictures With Your Words


1
Painting Pictures With Your Words
2
The Describer's Tools
  • Figurative Language
  • Similes
  • Metaphors
  • Personification
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Visual Verbs
  • Absolute Phrases

3
Figurative Language
  • Personification-Giving human qualities to
    something non-human
  • The wind stood up and gave a shout. He whistled
    on his fingers and Kicked the withered leaves
    about And thumped the branches with his hand And
    said he'd kill and kill and kill, And so he will
    and so he will. (James Stephens, "The Wind")

4
Figurative Language
  • Simile-comparison between two unlike things,
    using a word of similiarity (like as)
  • "She dealt with moral problems as a cleaver deals
    with meat." (James Joyce, "The Boarding House")
  • "Matt Leinart slid into the draft like a bald
    tire on black ice." (Rob Oller, Columbus
    Dispatch, Feb. 25, 2007)

5
  • Metaphor-comparisons of two unlike things that
    don't use "like" or "as
  • a sea of troubles
  •  All the world's a stage (Shakespeare)

6
Adjectives
  • Modify nouns and pronouns
  • Sometimes the ice is black and glossy, blasted
    smooth by the endless wind with only a few swaths
    of snow lying on itSometimes it is rigid and
    buckled from the enormous strains of the wind,
    the currents, and the line of advancing bergs.
  • (Richard Brown, Voyage of the Ice Berg)

7
Adverbs
  • Modify verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs
  • "You're not the sharpest knife in the drawer,"
    she said cuttingly. 
  • "I love pillows," he said softly. 
  • "I invented the light bulb!" Edison said
    brightly.
  • She had to hurry, but she had to hurry slowly,
    in order not to make a sound."  -- The Higher
    Power of Lucky by Susan Patron

8
Visual Verbs
  • Example The man ran quickly.
  • Corrected Example The man sprinted.
  • Example
  • "Doris walked silently through the pitch black of
    the deserted, empty house, fingers pushing
    lightly on each closed door. 
  • Corrected "Doris crept through the blackness of
    the deserted house, fingertips pressing on each
    closed door.
  • Example Matt, one of the biggest men you could
    imagine, walked heavily through the antique
    store, while Jessie's eyes looked quickly at each
    item left quivering in his wake.
  • Corrected Matt's behemoth form lumbered through
    the antique store, while Jessie's eyes darted to
    each item left quivering in his wake.

9
Absolutes!
  • Phrases that Zoom!

10
Absolutes The Phrases that Zoom!
  • Absolute (Defined)
  • a group of words consisting of a noun or pronoun a
    nd a participle as well as any related modifiers.
  • modify the entire sentence
  • adding information
  • Set off from rest of sentence by a comma
  • No conjunction

11
Absolutes The Phrases that Zoom!
  • Lance Armstrong raced his bike across the bridge,
    his hands gripping the handlebars tightly. (Big
    picture, Armstrong racing his bike Zoom, his
    hands)
  • His fists snapping gracefully, Ali danced around
    Sonny Liston. (Big picture, Ali dancing around
    Liston Zoom, his arms snapping punches)
  • The mountain lion hid crouched its in the grass,
    its tail twitching from side to side. (Big
    picture, lion crouching in grass Zoom, tail
    twitching)

12
Absolutes The Phrases that Zoom!
  • Big Picture
  • Fran Tarkenton celebrated the win.

Zoom his arms raised in victory
New Sentence Fran Tarkenton celebrated the win,
his arms raised in victory.
13
Absolutes The Phrases that Zoom!
Big Picture The skyscraper reached into the
heavens.
Zoom Its windows reflecting the blue sky and
white clouds.
New Sentence The skyscraper reached into the
heavens, its windows reflecting the blue sky and
white clouds.
14
Absolutes The Phrases that Zoom!
Big Picture Lance Armstrong raced through the
streets of Italy.
Zoom
New Sentence Face grimacing, hands gripping,
feet pedaling, Lance Armstrong raced through the
streets of Italy.
15
Absolutes The Phrases that Zoom!
  • Notice
  • Absolutes are set off from the rest of a sentence
    by a comma
  • Fran Tarkenton celebrated the win, his arms
    raised in victory.
  • The skyscraper reached into the heavens, its
    windows reflecting the blue sky and white clouds.
  • Absolutes can be moved within the sentence
  • Fran Tarkenton celebrated the win, his arms
    raised in victory.
  • His arms raised in victory, Fran Tarkenton
    celebrated the win,

16
Absolutes The Phrases that Zoom!
Big Picture Zoom New Sentence
17
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18
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