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Mary Shelley

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Mary Shelley Steve Wood TCCC 1797 Mary Wollstonecraft marries William Godwin on March 29; Wollstonecraft has one daughter, Fanny, by Gilbert Imlay. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mary Shelley


1
Mary Shelley
  • Steve Wood
  • TCCC

2
1797
  • Mary Wollstonecraft marries William Godwin on
    March 29 Wollstonecraft has one daughter, Fanny,
    by Gilbert Imlay.
  • Wollstonecraft and Godwin are known for their
    social activism and liberal views.

3
Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin
4
1797
  • Mary Wollstonecraft gives birth to Mary
    Wollstonecraft Godwin on August 30.
  • Mary Wollstonecraft dies of an infection ten days
    later.

5
1801
  • William Godwin marries Mary Jane Vial (also known
    as Clairmont), who has two children Charles and
    Jane (later called Claire). 

6
1803
  • Mary Jane Godwin gives birth to William Godwin,
    Jr. 

7
1812
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley begins a correspondence with
    William Godwin in January.

8
1812
  • On November 11, Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin meets
    Percy Shelley when he and and his wife Harriet
    Westbrook dine with the Godwins. She is 15 he
    is 20.

9
1814
  • On July 28, Mary and Percy Shelley elope to
    France, accompanied by Claire Clairmont. Despite
    his own views concerning sexual freedom and
    marriage, William Godwin refuses any
    communication with his daughter for the next two
    and a half years.  They take a six-week tour
    through France, Switzerland, Germany, and Holland.

10
1814
  • While in Paris, they leave behind a box of
    papers.  Mary will later suspect it to contain
    letters "George Byron" uses to blackmail her in
    1845.
  • They return to London in September.  Mary is
    pregnant when they return.  Shelley eventually
    introduces Mary to a friend, Thomas Jefferson
    Hogg.
  • In November, Shelley's wife Harriet gives birth
    to a son (their second child).

11
1815
  • In January, Hogg claims to be in love with Mary,
    while Percy may have been having an affair with
    Claire.
  • On February 22, Mary gives birth to a daughter,
    two months premature.  The daughter dies on March
    26.
  • Almost immediately, Mary gets pregnant again.

12
1816
  • On January 24, Mary gives birth to a son, William.

13
1816
  • Claire begins to carry on an affair with Lord
    Byron.  Eventually, Mary, Percy, and Claire leave
    England to follow Byron (and to avoid Percy's
    creditors).  They settle in Geneva by the end of
    May, and live there for the summer.

14
1816
  • Mary begins Frankenstein in response to a ghost
    story contest and a dream.

15
1816
  • The family, including the now-pregnant Claire,
    returns to England at the end of the summer.
  • In October, Mary's half sister Fanny commits
    suicide.
  • In December, the drowned body of Shelley's wife
    Harriet is found.  Pregnant, she had been missing
    for a month.
  • On December 30, Shelley and Mary are married, and
    William Godwin finally reconciles with his
    daughter.

16
1817
  • Claire gives birth to Lord Byron's daughter
    (Alba, then later named Allegra by her father) in
    January.
  • In March, Shelley is denied custody of his
    children by Harriet.
  • Mary completes Frankenstein while she herself is
    pregnant for the third time.
  • She gives birth to a daughter, Clara, on
    September 2.

17
1818
  • Frankenstein, or the Modern Prometheus is
    published on March 11.  Several reviewers believe
    that Percy had actually written the novel.

18
1818
  • In the summer of 1818, Mary and her family chase
    Byron around Europe, trying to reconcile him with
    his daughter.
  • During a hurried journey in Italy in September,
    Clara gets sick and dies.

19
1818
  • On December 27, an infant Elena Adelaide is born
    in Naples. When the child is registered on
    February 27, 1819, the parents are listed as
    Percy Shelley and Marina Padurin. The identity
    of this child remains a mystery. Some theories
    claim the girl was Percy's illegitimate child
    other suggest that she was an infant he planned
    to adopt in order to replace Clara.

20
1819
  • The Shelleys continue to live in Italy.
  • Mary gets pregnant again early in the year.
  • On June 7, their son William dies of malaria.
  • We came to Italy thinking to do Shelleys health
    good but the climate is not by any means warm
    enough to be of benefit to him, yet it is that
    that has destroyed my two children (Letter from
    June 29, 1819).

21
1819
  • On November 12, Mary gives birth to the only
    child that would survive her and her husband
    they named this second son Percy Florence.

22
1820
  • Mary resumes writing.
  • The Shelley family is blackmailed over the
    mysterious Elena Adelaide.  That child dies in
    June.

23
1821
  • Mary finishes Valperga. 

24
1822
  • Allegra Byron dies in April.
  • Mary has a miscarriage on June 16.
  • Sometime after July 8, Percy Shelley drowns in a
    sailing accident.  His body is found on July 18.

25
1822
  • Lord Byron vows to support Mary and Percy
    Florence, but he soon becomes involved in the war
    for Greek independence and abandons her.

26
1823
  • Valperga is published in February.
  • Percy Shelley's father initially refuses to
    support his grandson unless Mary gives him up
    she refuses. 
  • A second edition of Frankenstein is published. 
  • In July, Mary and her son Percy return to England.

27
1824
  • Lord Byron dies in Greece.
  • Byron has become one of the people of the grave
    Can I forget his attentions and consolations to
    me during my deepest misery? Never. Beauty sat
    upon his countenance and power beamed from his
    eye his faults being for the most part
    weaknesses induced one readily to pardon them.
    Albe the dear capricious fascinating Albe has
    left this desert world (Letter from May 15,
    1824).

28
1824
  • A volume of Percy's unpublished poems is
    published, a volume edited by Mary with a signed
    preface.  Mary then learns that Shelley's father
    will stop Percy Florence's allowance until she
    both stops publication and promises not to
    publish any more of her husband's writings in Sir
    Timothy's lifetime.  Mary reluctantly agrees.

29
1826
  • Mary's The Last Man is published.
  • It is an apocalyptic story of the end of the
    world, a type of story that would become a staple
    of science fiction.
  • It is also a thinly veiled portrait of both her
    husband and Lord Byron.

30
1826
  • After the publication of The Last Man, Shelleys
    father temporarily cuts off his support.
  • Shelleys son by his first wife dies, and Percy
    Florence becomes Sir Timothy Shelleys only male
    heir.
  • Mary continues to work to support herself and her
    son by her writings.  She writes a number of
    short stories and novels, as well as critical
    works and other non-fiction.  Most of her works
    did not appear under her name, because of
    pressure from Shelley's father.  They often
    appeared as "From the author of Frankenstein."

31
1830
  • The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck, A Romance is
    published.

32
1831
  • Another edition of Frankenstein is published,
    this time with some additions and an introduction
    by Mary Shelley.

33
1835
  • Lodore is published.

34
1836
  • William Godwin dies.

35
1837
  • Falkner, A Novel is published. This is Marys
    sixth and last novel.

36
1838
  • Percy Shelley's father finally relents on
    allowing his son's works to be published,
    although he does not want any mention made of his
    son's life in an introduction or biographical
    sketch.

37
1839
  • Mary's four-volume edition of Poetical Words of
    Percy Bysshe Shelley is published she dedicates
    the edition to Percy Florence.  She gets around
    the prohibition of Shelley's father with her
    preface and notes to the individual poems.
  • She also edits and has published her husband's
    Essays, Letters from Abroad, Translations and
    Fragments.

38
1841
  • Percy Florence graduates from Trinity College.
  • Mary's stepmother dies.

39
1844
  • Percy Shelley's father dies Percy Florence
    inherits his estate and title.

40
1845
  • Someone claiming to be Lord Byron's son tries
    unsuccessfully to blackmail Mary.

41
1851
  • Mary dies on February 1.
  • Among her personal effects is found Percys
    heart, wrapped in a copy of his poem Adonais
    (written for his dead friend John Keats).
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