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Focus on Immigrants and Cross Cultural Counseling


Focus on Immigrants and Cross Cultural Counseling ... in theories Who defines irrational ... are more involved in gang activity than other groups, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Focus on Immigrants and Cross Cultural Counseling

Focus on Immigrants and Cross Cultural Counseling
  • Cross Cultural Counseling Defined any
    counseling relationship in which two or more of
    the participants are ethnically different
    (Atkinson, 2004, p. 21)

Cultural Values in Therapy
  • Client vs. Therapist role How should we act in
  • Gender, religion, clothing, tone, volume,
    eye-contact, hygiene, gifts
  • Individual vs. family and indigenous healers?
  • How do we work with, not against?
  • Religion child-rearing beliefs and ethics
  • What do you report or choose to focus on?
    (spanking, self mutilation, sexuality)

Cultural values in theories
  • Who defines irrational beliefs or faulty
  • Psychoanalysis and focus on individual or the
  • Gestalt and Process Experiential and focus on
    expressing emotion

Cultural values in Diagnosing
  • What does it mean to hear voices?
  • What does anxiety, or grief look like in the US
    vs. Uganda vs. Columbia vs. Malaysia?
  • Trance and meditate versus dissociative disorder

Misconceptions about Immigrants A true/false
  • 1st generation immigrants experience more
    unemployment than second or third generation.
  • 2nd generation Latino and Asian immigrants are
    more involved in gang activity than other groups,
    including non-immigrants.
  • 1st through 3rd generation immigrants are more
    likely to engage in petty crimes than

More quiz
  • 1st through 4th generation immigrants are more
    violent than non-immigrant groups
  • 4th generation immigrants are more illiterate
    than 1st generation groups.
  • 1st through 4th generation immigrants have fewer
    one parent families than non-immigrants

  • Living in the US appears to make immigrants in
    all four groups African, Asian, Hispanic, and
    European more criminal, less oriented towards
    families, and more violent with each generation
    they continue to stay.
  • Why?

An immigrant orientation
  • You wake up and learn that Yellowstones super
    volcano is about to erupt and will change the US
    forever. In a few weeks it will be inhabitable
    and all Americans will need to move to different
    countries. After a few weeks of endless chaos you
    find out you have been given a green-card to go
    live in Norway. The government there has even
    given you a job and your kids have been placed in
    the very solid Norwegian school system. Even so,
    when you land in Oslo with your family in tow,
    you feel lost.

More orienting
  • Friendly Norwegians greet you and tell you not to
    worry and that this is your country now. You are
    a Norwegian (your kids will be too). Your
    Norwegian classes begin tomorrow and shortly
    thereafter you have an appointment with a
    Norwegian counselor who will be there for you
    free of charge for the next ten weeks. What would
    be your concerns? What would you want to talk
    about if anything? What would you want from your
    Norwegian counselor?

Salient issues for Immigrants
  • Identity
  • American, immigrant or refugee?
  • Homesickness Feeling of not belonging or fitting
  • Keeping in touch with the culture and family at
    home. Passing on the culture to your children.

Salient issues for Immigrants
  • Language Social language 1-3 years, academic 5-7
  • Areas affected School, work, keeping control of
    children, connecting,..
  • Feelings of dependence and helplessness like
  • Health Mental, physical, and spiritual
  • Immigration and Naturalization Service
  • Housing, finances and transportation

A little bit about refugees
  • According to the UN refugee is a person who is
    unable or unwilling to return to his or her
    country because of a well-founded fear of
    persecution. These claims of persecution must be
    based on race, religion, nationality, or
    membership in a particular social group or
    political party. Refugees are resettled in a
    third country when they are unable to return home
    and cannot stay in the camp or country where they
    were given asylum.

Piphers tips for counseling and volunteering
with refugees
  • Be curious and patient
  • Stay away from formal therapy too much like
  • Dont idealize refugees or Americans
  • Know that misunderstandings WILL occur
  • Know yourself
  • Take steps to avoid burnout
  • Seek to empower (but in their context)

More tips
  • In the face of tragedy use humility
  • Avoid judgment be a connected critic
  • Realize you are about as weird to them as they
    are to you
  • When you get frustrated with language, remember
    its often their 5th or 6th language

Refugees and their resources
  • Individual attributes
  • Their histories
  • Their families
  • Their cultures
  • Human capital their skills and professional
  • Newcomers drive

Refugee attributes of resilience
  • Future orientation
  • Energy and good health
  • Ability to pay attention
  • Ambition and initiative
  • Verbal expressiveness
  • Positive mental health
  • Ability to calm down
  • Flexibility
  • Intentionality
  • Lovability
  • Ability to love new people
  • Good moral character