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Chapter 3 The 13 Colonies

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Chapter 3 The 13 Colonies New England Economy Small-scale farming; slavery not that important Merchants traded locally with Indians and with England Fishing ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 3 The 13 Colonies


1
Chapter 3 The 13 Colonies
2
F.O.A. (Bellwork)
  • Turn in your homework (one paragraph on
    commercial economy and one on sustinence farming)
  • What states are in the South?
  • Name the 13 colonies
  • Whats a good way to remember the 13 colonies?

3
  • There's a cow named Georgia (georgia) IT's a
    Jersey cow (new jersey) She's sitting on top the
    empire state building ( New York) Singing a
    couple of christmas carols (n s Carolina) Under
    her arm is a Virginia Ham (virginia and New
    Hamshire) The cow is wearing yellow underwear
    (rhymes with delaware) In its hoof is a pencil
    (pennsylvania) The cow is making a
    coonect-the-dots drawing (connecticut) of Marilyn
    Monroe (maryland) Walking down a road (rhode
    island) Going to mass (massachusetts)

4
Section 1
  • The Southern Colonies

5
Jamestown, VA
  • Founded in 1607 by the London Company
  • Joint-stock company
  • The oldest permanent English settlement in North
    America
  • Many of the first settlers died due to
    starvation, disease, and inexperience

6
Jamestown, VA
  • 1st good leader John Smith
  • Brought some stability built a fort
  • 2nd good leader John Rolfe
  • Married Pocahantas, introduced VA tobacco to
    England, and improved relations with the Powhatan
    Indians

7
Jamestown, VA
  • In 1622, fighting broke out between the Powhatan
    and the settlers
  • Settlers couldnt defend their territory, so
    their charter was revoked
  • Jamestown and all of VA were made into a royal
    colony governed by the king of England

8
Daily Life in VA
  • Plantations
  • Large farms where one crop was grown
  • Need for a strong labor force
  • Due to the large number of plantations, owners
    needed a large, steady workforce

9
Think about it. . .Page 74
Indentured Servant
Slave
10
Labor Force
  • Indentured servants were the first major source
    of labor in VA.
  • Agreed to work 4-7 years in exchange for a ride
    to the VA colony
  • Worked based on a contract
  • Once the contract was up, the servant was freed
    many became successful and wealthy
  • Indentured servants were cheaper because the
    master did not own them

11
Labor Force
  • Slaves were also being sold in the VA colony
  • Lifelong service
  • Involuntary service
  • No hope for freedom
  • More expensive because buying a slave meant
    complete ownership of them.

12
Cause and Effect of Increased Slave Labor
  • Cause The demand for indentured servants rose,
    but the supply was too small.
  • Effect As a result, many plantation owners
    began buying slaves to work on their farms.

13
Nathaniel Bacons Rebellion
  • Some Jamestown settlers were upset with British
    taxes and kindness toward Indians
  • Nathaniel Bacon led a rebellion where he first
    attacked the Indians and then burned most of
    Jamestown (Bacons Rebellion)

14
Other Southern Colonies
15
  • Maryland (1632)
  • Founded by Lord Baltimore as a safe colony for
    Catholics to worship freely
  • Proprietary Colony
  • Allowed settlers to govern themselves had to
    obey British laws as well
  • Toleration Act of 1649
  • Made Maryland a center of religious freedom for
    all groups

16
  • Carolina (1663)
  • Originally one colony got too big and became two
    colonies in 1712.
  • Most NC settlers were from Virginia and were
    farmers
  • SC was mainly settled by European farmers
    became a royal colony in 1729.

17
  • Georgia (1732)
  • Founded by James Oglethorpe as a penal colony
  • Created as a place where debtors could start a
    new life
  • At first, slavery and plantations were both
    outlawed in Georgia
  • Settlers were unhappy with the system in 1752 it
    became a royal colony
  • King George gave the settlers what they wanted
    plantations and slavery were soon dominant

18
The Economy of the South
  • Economy
  • Southern colonies depended mostly upon
    AGRICULTURE and FARMING!!!

TOBACCO
RICE
INDIGO
19
Southern Economy and Slavery
  • The Southern need for agriculture demanded a
    large slave labor force
  • By the 1700s, slaves were used more than
    indentured servants
  • The Southern states created slave codes
  • Laws to control slaves
  • Slaves could not hold meetings, learn to read or
    write, have weapons, and in some colonies masters
    could not free slaves

20
(No Transcript)
21
Homework
  • Read pages 72-77.
  • Answer 1-4 all parts on page 77.
  • Due tomorrow at the beginning of class.
  • Counts as a quiz grade.

22
Section 2
  • The New England Colonies

23
Religious Freedom
  • Protestant Reformation resulted in the Church of
    England
  • Puritans wanted to reform or purify the COE
  • Separatists wanted to completely leave the COE
    the Pilgrims were one such group

24
Pilgrims
  • The Pilgrims first fled to Holland for religious
    freedom
  • But they didnt want their kids growing up
    speaking Dutch, so. . .
  • They received a charter to a start a new colony
    rode the Mayflower ship to VA
  • Landed far north of VA in Massachusetts
  • Plymouth Rock

25
Mayflower Compact
  • Since they landed so far from their intended
    spot, they ignored their charter
  • Mayflower Compact -They agreed to govern
    themselves

26
Thanksgiving
  • Pilgrims received help from the local Indians in
    the form of food and shelter
  • Squanto
  • Sometime around 1621 they sat down and celebrated
    together

27
New England Life (Pilgrim Life)
  • The daily life of the Pilgrims in Mass. was
    farm/agriculture based
  • The center of daily life focused on the family
  • Source of religion, healthcare, and communication
  • Children were well-educated
  • Women had more legal rights than in England

28
More Migration
  • Heavy taxes, a bad economy, and religious
    persecution forced thousands of other Puritans to
    flee England to America
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Joint-stock company that settled in Boston did
    very well

29
New England Religion and Government
  • Religion PROTESTANT!!!
  • Government Massachusetts had the first
    bicameral legislature

30
  • RELIGION AND GOVERNMENT WERE CLOSELY LINKED IN
    NEW ENGLAND!
  • Govt leaders had to be church members
  • Ministers were viewed as leaders in society
  • Only male church members could vote
  • Govt leaders outlawed certain religious views
  • Govt punished religious dissenters

Puritan officials praying at a government meeting
31
  • Not everyone agreed with this though. . .
  • Thomas Hooker and Connecticut
  • Allowed non-church members to vote
  • Father of American Democracy

32
  • Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson
  • Religious dissenters from Massachusetts who left
    and founded colonies that would develop into
    Rhode Island

33
Witch Trials
  • Mostly in Salem, MA

34
New England Economy
  • Small-scale farming slavery not that important
  • Merchants traded locally with Indians and with
    England
  • Fishing due to large access to water
  • Shipbuilding
  • Craftsmen blacksmiths, weaving, shipbuilding,
    printing

35
New England Education
  • New Englanders saw great importance of education
  • New England colonies had more schools than other
    colonies
  • Harvard University established in 1636

36
Ch. 3 Section 3 The Middle Colonies
37
New York
38
  • First settled by the Dutch called New Netherland
    (trading post for Dutch and Indians)
  • Peter Stuyvesant 1st leader
  • The English take it over without firing a shot in
    1664
  • New Netherland becomes New York
  • New Amsterdam becomes New York City

39
New Jersey
  • Becomes a colony shortly after the British
    conquest of New York in 1664

NY
NJ
40
Penn-sylvania
  • Founded by William Penn
  • Proprietor of New Jersey
  • Wanted a colony where Quakers could worship
    freely
  • Did not hold formal religious meetings
  • Dressed very plainly
  • Believed in equality between men and women
  • Nonviolent and religious tolerance

41
  • Penn limits his own power creates an elected
    assembly to rule PA
  • Great example of representative government
    (democratic republic)
  • Allowed citizens to control the government

42
Delaware (1776)
PA
DE
43
Economy of the Middle Colonies
  • Mixture of Southern and New England economies
  • Farming staple crops like wheat, barley, oats
    also raised livestock
  • Slaves were used on farms and in cities however,
    indentured servants were used more.
  • Trading of fur and other goods
  • Women mostly worked in the home
  • Some ran businesses, like bakeries or drugstores
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