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Introduction to Physical Anthropology

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... study of human evolution. Anthropometry - measurement of human body parts. Primatology - study of nonhuman primates. Osteology - study of skeletons. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Physical Anthropology


1
Introduction to Physical Anthropology
  • Ninth Edition
  • Robert Jurmain
  • Harry Nelson
  • Lynn Kilgore
  • Wenda Trevathan

2
Chapter 1, Introduction
  • What is Anthropology?
  • Cultural Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Linguistic Anthropology
  • Physical Anthropology
  • Physical Anthropology and Scientific Method
  • The Anthropological Perspective

3
What is Anthropology?
  • The study of humankind.
  • The study of all aspects of the human species
    including our biology (from an evolutionary
    perspective).

4
Subfields of Anthropology
  • Cultural Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Physical Anthropology

5
Cultural Anthropology
  • Study of all aspects of human behavior.
  • Subfields
  • Urban - deals with issues of inner cities.
  • Medical - explores relationship between culture
    and health.
  • Economic - concerned with the distribution of
    goods and resources.

6
Archaeology
  • Study of early cultures and lifeways to answer
    questions of human behavior.
  • Artifacts and material culture left behind by
    civilizations provide information about the
    nature of the society.

7
Linguistic Anthropology
  • Study of the origin of language and human speech.
  • Acquisition and use of language is a unique human
    characteristic.
  • Relationship between culture and language
  • How do members of a society perceive phenomena?
  • How does the use of language shape perceptions?

8
Physical Anthropology
  • Study of human biology within framework of
    evolution.
  • Two principal areas of interest
  • How modern species came to exist
  • Physical variation

9
Subfields of Physical Anthropology
  • Paleoanthropology - study of human evolution.
  • Anthropometry - measurement of human body parts.
  • Primatology - study of nonhuman primates.
  • Osteology - study of skeletons.

10
Scientific Method
  • State the research problem.
  • Develop a hypothesis.
  • Test the hypothesis through data collection and
    analysis of the data.
  • If the hypothesis is verified it becomes a theory.
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