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Chapter 1 - An Introduction to Financial Management

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Financial Management Axioms 1) Risk - return trade-off. 2) Time value of money. 3) Cash - not profits - is king. 4) Incremental cash flows count. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 1 - An Introduction to Financial Management


1
Chapter 1 - An Introduction to Financial
Management
? 2005, Pearson Prentice Hall
2
Goal of the Firm
  • 1) Profit Maximization?
  • this goal ignores
  • a) TIMING of Returns
  • (Time Value of Money - Ch. 5)
  • b) UNCERTAINTY of Returns
  • (Risk - Ch. 6)

3
Goal of the Firm
  • 2) Shareholder Wealth Maximization?
  • this is the same as
  • a) Maximizing Firm Value
  • b) Maximizing Stock Price

4
Legal Forms of Business
  • 1) Sole Proprietorship
  • A business owned by a single individual.
  • Owner maintains title to the firms assets.
  • Owner has unlimited liability.
  • 2) Partnership
  • Similar to a sole proprietorship, except that
    there are two or more owners.

5
Legal Forms of Business
  • 2a) General Partnership
  • All partners have unlimited liability.
  • 2b) Limited Partnership
  • Consists of one or more general partners, who
    have unlimited liability.
  • One or more limited partners (investors) whose
    liability is limited to the amount of their
    investment in the business.

6
Legal Forms of Business
  • 2c) Limited Liability Company (LLC)
  • Cross between a partnership and a corporation.
  • Owners have limited liability, but the firm runs
    and is taxed like a partnership.

7
Legal Forms of Business
  • 3) Corporation
  • A business entity that legally functions separate
    and apart from its owners.
  • Owners liability is limited to the amount of
    their investment in the firm.
  • Owners hold common stock certificates, and
    ownership can be transferred by selling the
    certificates.

8
The Corporation and Financial Markets
9
The Corporation and Financial Markets
10
The Corporation and Financial Markets
11
The Corporation and Financial Markets
12
The Corporation and Financial Markets
13
The Corporation and Financial Markets
14
The Corporation and Financial Markets
15
The Corporation and Financial Markets
16
The Corporation and Financial Markets
17
The Corporation and Financial Markets
18
The Corporation and Financial Markets
19
The Corporation and Financial Markets
20
The Corporation and Financial Markets
21
The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • Primary Market

22
The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • Primary Market
  • Market in which new issues of a security are sold
    to initial buyers.

23
The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • Primary Market
  • Market in which new issues of a security are sold
    to initial buyers.
  • Secondary Market

24
The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • Primary Market
  • Market in which new issues of a security are sold
    to initial buyers.
  • Secondary Market
  • Market in which previously issued securities are
    traded.

25
The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)

26
The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)
  • The first time the firms stock is sold to the
    general public.

27
The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)
  • The first time the firms stock is sold to the
    general public.
  • Seasoned New Issue

28
The Corporation and Financial Markets
  • Initial Public Offering (IPO)
  • The first time the firms stock is sold to the
    general public.
  • Seasoned New Issue
  • A new stock offering by a firm that already has
    stock that is traded in the secondary market.

29
Financial Management Axioms
  • 1) Risk - return trade-off.
  • 2) Time value of money.
  • 3) Cash - not profits - is king.
  • 4) Incremental cash flows count.
  • 5) The curse of competitive markets.
  • 6) Efficient capital markets.
  • 7) The agency problem.
  • 8) Taxes bias business decisions.
  • 9) All risk is not equal.
  • 10) Ethical dilemmas are everywhere in
    finance.
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