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Mental Health

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Mental Health Having a positive outlook, being comfortable with yourself and others, and being able to meet life s challenges and demands Signs of Good Mental ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mental Health


1
Mental Health
  • Having a positive outlook, being comfortable with
    yourself and others, and being able to meet
    lifes challenges and demands

2
Signs of Good Mental Health
  • Realistic about strengths and weakneses
  • Responsible for personal behavior
  • Avoid high risk behaviors, tobacco, drugs
  • Open-minded and flexable
  • Fun loving, able to relax alone or with others
  • Respect both your needs and others needs
  • Respect everyones value as a human
    being-including their own
  • Express emotion in such a way as not to hurt
    themselves or others
  • View change as a challenge and an opportunity

3
Roadblocks to Mental Health
  • All- or-nothing thinking
  • Expecting the worst in others or yourself
  • Being a perfectionist
  • Letting your actions or words betray your values

4
Self-Esteem
  • The confidence and worth that you feel about
    yourself

5
Feedback
  • Messages from others that indicate who they think
    are or what they think you are like
  • Sources parents, siblings, extended family,
    teachers, coaches, friends, and your peers

6
Maslows Hierarchy of needs (pyramid)
  • At the bottom are your physical needs (hunger,
    thirst, sleep)
  • The next level are emotional needs (to belong,
    love, be loved, achieve, to be recognized)
  • The next level are Aesthetic or artistic needs
    (to know, understand, explore)
  • Self-actualization (trying to be the best you can
    be)

7
Emotions
  • Love
  • Empathy
  • Fear
  • Anger
  • Guilt

8
Fears
  • 1. Speaking before a group (1 fear)
  • 2. Heights
  • 3. Insects and spiders
  • 4. Money problems
  • 5. Deep water
  • 6. Sickness
  • 7. Death
  • 8. Flying
  • 9. Loneliness
  • 10. Dogs

9
Phobias
  • Irrational fears that can get in the way of
    leading a normal life.
  • Having a phobia may produce the following signs
    and symptoms
  • A persistent, irrational fear of a specific
    object, activity or situation.
  • An immediate response of uncontrollable anxiety
    when exposed to the object of fear.
  • A compelling desire to avoid and unusual measures
    taken to stay away from what you fear.
  • An impaired ability to function at normal tasks
    because of the fear.
  • Often, the knowledge that these fears are out of
    proportion with the stimulus.
  • When facing the object of your phobia, an
    experience of panicky feelings, such as sweating,
    rapid heartbeat, avoidance behavior, difficulty
    breathing and intense anxiety.
  • In some cases, anxious feelings when merely
    anticipating an encounter with what you fear.

10
Defense Mechanisms
  • Repression
  • Suppression
  • Rationalization
  • Regression
  • Denial
  • Compensation
  • Projection
  • Idealizaton

11
Positive ways of Dealing with
  • Emotions
  • Fear
  • Anger
  • Guilt

12
Qualities that can help Emotional Health
  • Your outlook on life
  • a. pessimist
  • b. optimist
  • 2. Resiliency ( the ability to bounce back or
    recover from disappointment, difficulty, or
    set-backs

13
Stress
  • Distress
  • Eustress

14
Kinds of stressors
  • Biological (chemical imbalance, mental or
    physical illness, disabilities, injuries
  • Environmental (poverty, pollution, crowding,
    noise, natural disasters)
  • Cognitive or thinking (Perceive or expect from a
    situation)
  • Personal behavior (tobacco, alcohol, drugs, not
    exercising
  • Life situations (death of friend or pet, divorce,
    peer relationships

15
Your bodys stress response
  • First stage Alarm hypothalamus, adrenaline
  • Second stage Resistance body repairs itself
    and goes back to its normal state
  • Third stage Fatigue
  • 1. Physical
  • 2. Pathological
  • 3. Psychological

16
Personality Types
  • Type A (high achieving
  • Type B (laid back)

17
Stress (Mind-Body Connection)
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Headache
  • Asthma
  • Immune Response
  • Ulcers
  • Psychosomatic Response (mind causes something
    physically wrong in the body) examples skin
    disorders, stomachaches, digestive problems and
    headaches.

18
Managing Stress
  • Planning
  • Rechanneling Energy
  • Laughing and relaxing
  • Support group
  • Time management

19
Kind of Losses
  • Stages of Loss
  • Stage 1 Denial
  • Stage 2 Anger
  • Stage 3 Bargaining
  • Stage 4 Depression
  • Stage 5 Acceptance
  • Closure and grief response

20
Mental Disorders
  • Illness of the mind that prevents us from leading
    a normal and productive life.
  • Two General Types
  • 1. Organic
  • 2. Functional

21
Organic Disorders
  • Brain tumors
  • Alcoholism
  • Stroke
  • Inherited chemical imbalances

22
Functional Disorders
  • Anxiety
  • Somatoform
  • Affective
  • Personality

23
Anxiety Disorders
  • Definition An illness in which real, imagined,
    or persistent fears prevent a person from
    enjoying life.
  • Phobia
  • Obsessive-Compulsive disorder OCD
  • Panic Disorders
  • Post-traumatic stress Disorder

24
Somatoform Disorders
  • Definition Illness in which a person complains
    of disease symptoms, but no physical cause can be
    found.
  • Hypochondria

25
Affective Disorder
  • Defintion Mood swings that last a long time
  • Clinical Depression
  • Bipolar Disorder

26
Personality Disorders
  • Definition Psychological condition that affect a
    persons ability to get along with others
  • Antisocial personality Disorder
  • Passive-aggressive Disorder
  • Schizophrenia
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