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THE SIMPLE PRESENT

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THE SIMPLE PRESENT Col gio V rtice Profa. Rita Moretti Uses of The Simple Present 1. The Simple Present can be used to refer to actions which occur at regular ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE SIMPLE PRESENT


1
THE SIMPLE PRESENT
  • Colégio Vértice
  • Profa. Rita Moretti

2
Uses of The Simple Present
  • 1. The Simple Present can be used to refer to
    actions which occur at regular intervals.

3
  • Rita teaches English at Colégio Vértice three
    times a week.

4
  • Ann sings in the school choir.

5
  • Daniel always sleeps during his Math class.

6
He usually drinks tea after a meal.
She usually works on her basket after dinner.
They go to a dance every Sunday.
They take a walk with their son every day.
7
More sentences
do/ every day
run/every day
He runs to school every day.
She does her homework every day.
not/do/homework
He doesnt do his homework every day.
8
not/like
get
She doesnt like school.
A
He gets an A on every quiz!
listen/always
He always listens to the teacher!!
9
I always make a snowman in the winter.
I dont.
I throw snowballs.
make
throw
10
I always brush my teeth.
I dont.
eat
I always eat a lot of candy. Mmmm.
brush
11
  • 2. The Simple Present is also used in stating
    general truths.

12
  • The earth goes around the sun.

13
  • Birds fly.

14
Water freezes at 32 degrees.
32º
Triangles have three sides.
15
  • 3. Occasionally, the Simple Present is used to
    express actions occurring in the future.

16
  • Our plane leaves at eight o'clock tomorrow night.

17
  • 4. In addition, the Simple Present is used when
    referring to printed material, and when
    describing events portrayed in a book, film, or
    other work of art.

18
  • NASA starts countdown to Mars mission.
  • (from cnn.com)

19
Formation of the simple present
  • The simple present is formed from the bare
    infinitive of the verb. As shown in the following
    examples, the bare infinitive of a verb consists
    of the infinitive without the word to.

20
(No Transcript)
21
For example, the Simple Present of the verb to
work is conjugated as follows
The form of the verb used with the subjects he,
she and it is generally referred to as the third
person singular
22
Spelling rules for the third person singular
  • Some verbs change their spelling by JUST adding
    S to their bare infinitive.(work show )
  • When a verb ends in Y preceded by a vowel just
    add S. ( play enjoy buy)
  • When a verb ends in Y preceded by a consonant
    cut the Y and add ies. (study worry carry)
  • When a verb ends in SS, SH, CH, X, Z and O just
    add ES. (go teach wash watch fix buzz)

23
The auxiliaries DO and DOES
  • The auxiliaries DO and Does are used to make the
    Interrogative and Negative forms.

24
Negative form
  • I/You/We/They do not (dont) bare infinitive
    (verb without to)
  • We do not (dont) swim.
  • He/She/It does not (doesnt) bare infinitive
  • She does not (doesnt) swim

25
Interrogative form
  • Do I/You/We/They bare infinitive
  • Do they swim?
  • Does He/She/It bare infinitive
  • Does he swim?

26
Note The simple present of the verb To Haveis
conjugated as follows
27
  • Paulo and Daniel like to go to soccer games.
  • Do Paulo and Daniel like to go to soccer games?
  • Paulo and Daniel do not (dont) like to go to
    soccer games.
  • Rita goes to the gym three times a week.
  • Does Rita go to the gym three times a week?
  • Rita does not (doesnt) go to the gym three
    times a week.
  • Eduardo studies engineering at Mackenzie.
  • Does Eduardo study engineering at Mackenzie?
  • Eduardo does not (doesnt) study engineering at
    Mackenzie.

28
Dont forget!
  • The auxiliary DO is used with the pronouns I,
    YOU, WE and THEY
  • The auxiliary DOES is used with the pronouns HE,
    SHE and IT
  • When you use the auxiliary DOES (INTERROGATIVE
    AND NEGATIVE FORMS), put the verb in its bare
    infinitive (without to).

29
Thats all for now folks!
  • Thanks!
  • Teacher Rita
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