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Renaissance and Baroque Architecture

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Renaissance and Baroque Architecture Architectural History ACT 322 Doris Kemp Topics The Renaissance in France The Renaissance in England The Early Baroque The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Renaissance and Baroque Architecture


1
Renaissance and Baroque Architecture
  • Architectural History
  • ACT 322
  • Doris Kemp

2
Topics
  • The Renaissance in France
  • The Renaissance in England
  • The Early Baroque

3
The Renaissance in France
  • The Italian Renaissance made its way to France
    partly through French military interventions in
    Italy
  • The artistic influence of the Italian Renaissance
    made its way back to France
  • The French transported Italian art back to France
    and hired Italian architects for commissions
  • French also sent students to study the arts in
    Italy

4
The Renaissance in France
  • The cultural center of France during the
    sixteenth century was in the valley of the Loire
  • Not Paris
  • A popular leisure and vacation spot by the rulers
    and nobility of France
  • Key structures
  • Chateau of Blois
  • Chateau of Chambord

5
The Renaissance in France
  • Chateau of Blois
  • Illustrates the transition from Medieval to
    Renaissance style through a series of expansions
    over the centuries
  • Begun in the thirteenth century
  • Between 1498 and 1504, Louis XII added an east
    wing that would ultimately include a courtyard
  • Between 1515 and 1524, Frances I added a north
    wing and an extravagant spiraling staircase

6
The Renaissance in France
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The Renaissance in France
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The Renaissance in France
  • Chateau of Chambord
  • Built in the countryside in the style of a
    fortified castle
  • The keep of the structure has a suite of rooms
    in each corner
  • Features a double staircase
  • Persons ascending one side are unable to see
    people ascending the otherside

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The Renaissance in France
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The Renaissance in France
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The Renaissance in France
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The Renaissance in France
  • After 1526, the French capitol became fixed in
    Paris
  • Many building improvements were undertaken on
    existing structures
  • Key structures
  • Louvre Palace
  • Place Royale

13
The Renaissance in France
  • Louvre Palace
  • Underwent many structural expansions in the
    Renaissance style
  • A series of courtyards were added
  • The façade was redesigned
  • Corinthian and Composite half columns and
    pilasters
  • Elongated windows and pavilions at the
    extremities and the center
  • Sculpture was added by Jean Goujon
  • A famous French sculptor of the time

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The Renaissance in France
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The Renaissance in France
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The Renaissance in France
  • The Place Royale
  • Now known as the Place des Vosges
  • Laid out from 1605 to 1612
  • Used for residential purposes
  • Each house was four bays wide and three stories
    high
  • The royal pavilions featured more elaborate décor
    and higher rooflines
  • Although the shared the same arcades with the
    other commoner pavilions

17
The Renaissance in France
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The Renaissance in France
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The Renaissance in England
  • The earliest expression of the Renaissance in
    England appeared in sculpture and the decorative
    arts
  • The Gothic style continued to survive in England
    throughout the Renaissance although there were a
    few structures of the Renaissance style
  • Wollaton Hall, Nottingham
  • Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire

20
The Renaissance in England
  • Wollaton Hall, Nottingham
  • An example of some of the great houses built
    during the Elizabethan period in England
  • Designed by Robert Smythson for the Sheriff of
    Nottingham
  • Symmetrical square plan
  • Corner pavilions
  • Long gallery for lodging

21
The Renaissance in England
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The Renaissance in England
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The Renaissance in England
  • Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire
  • Shares many of Wollatons characteristics in plan
    and elevation
  • Features contiguous exterior colonnades that
    reflect contemporary Italian design

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The Renaissance in England
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The Renaissance in England
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Early Baroque Architecture
  • Unlike the Renaissance, which was brought on by
    rich merchants and traders, the Baroque was
    brought on by the Catholic Church in Rome
  • Commissioned many works that would become the
    Baroque style during the seventeenth and
    eighteenth centuries

27
Early Baroque Architecture
  • Basilica of St. Peter
  • the most important Christian monument in Rome
  • 25 years after the death of Michelangelo
    reconstruction on the dome began
  • Was at last brought to completion during the
    Baroque period
  • Finished in 1612 and consecrated by the Pope in
    1626

28
Early Baroque Architecture
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Early Baroque Architecture
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Early Baroque Architecture
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Early Baroque Architecture
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References
  • Sullivan, Mary http//www.bluffton.edu/sullivanm
    /
  • http//www.brynmawr.edu/Acads/Cities/wld/wdpt1.htm
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  • Trachtenburg/Hyman Architecture From Prehistory
    to Postmodernity
  • Wodehouse/Moffett A History of Western
    Architecture

33
Renaissance and Baroque Architecture
  • Architectural History
  • ACT 322
  • Doris Kemp
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