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ICT 435 Senior Project: The Installation and Configuration of Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 using Microsoft Hyper-V Server

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Title: ICT 435 Senior Project: The Installation and Configuration of Microsoft Exchange Server 2010 using Microsoft Hyper-V Server


1
ICT 435 Senior Project The Installation and
Configuration of Microsoft Exchange Server 2010
using Microsoft Hyper-V Server
  • by
  • Ned P. Adams Jr.

2
Overview
  • Introduction
  • Install MS Hyper-V
  • Install Windows Server 2008 R2
  • Create Domain Server and Configure DNS
  • Install MS Exchange Server 2010
  • Install Workstations and Users
  • Configure and Test Email Functionality

3
Introduction Part 1
  • Ned Adams
  • What is Exchange?
  • Exchange System roles
  • What are the system requirements?
  • MS Hyper-V Role

4
Introduction Part 1What is Microsoft Exchange
2010
  • Email, Calendaring, and Address Book System
  • Runs on Windows Servers
  • 7th release in 14 years
  • Versions 1.0,4.0,5.0,2000,2003,2007, and 2010

5
Introduction Part 1 Exchange 2010 System
requirements
  • x64 architecture-based computer with Intel
    processor that supports Intel 64-bit architecture
  • AMD processor that supports the AMD64 platform
  • Intel Itanium IA64 processors not supported
  • Active Directory and Domains
  • Memory - 4 to 8 GB Varies depending on
    Exchange features that are installed
  • Paging file size - The page file size minimum and
    maximum must be set to physical RAM plus 10  MB
  • Disk space - At least 1.2 GB on the drive on
    which you install Exchange
  • An additional 500 MB of available disk space for
    each Unified Messaging (UM) language pack that
    you plan to install
  • 200 MB of available disk space on the system
    drive
  • A hard disk that stores the message queue
    database on an Edge Transport server or Hub
    Transport server with at least 500 MB of free
    space
  • DVD-ROM drive, local or network accessible
  • Screen resolution - 800 x 600 pixels or higher
  • File format - Disk partitions formatted as NTFS
    file systems, which applies to the following
    partitions
  • System partition
  • Partitions that store Exchange binary files
  • Partitions containing transaction log files
  • Partitions containing database files
  • Partitions containing other Exchange files

6
Introduction Part 1 Exchange 2010 Virtual
System requirements
  • Microsoft supports Exchange 2010 in production on
    hardware virtualization software only when all
    the following conditions are true
  • The hardware virtualization software is running
  • Windows Server 2008 or 2008 R2 with Hyper-V
    technology
  • Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008 or 2008 R2
  • Any third-party hypervisor that has been
    validated under the Windows Server Virtualization
    Validation Program.
  • The Exchange guest virtual machine
  • Is running Microsoft Exchange 2010.
  • Is deployed on the Windows Server 2008 with SP2
    or Windows Server 2008 R2 operating system.
  • Doesn't have the Unified Messaging server role
    installed. All Exchange 2010 server roles, except
    for the Unified Messaging server role, are
    supported in a virtualization environment. This
    is due to the real-time response requirements
    associated with voice communications with the
    Unified Messaging server role.
  • Meets all of the requirements set forth
    previously in this topic.

7
Introduction Part 1 Exchange 2010 System roles
  • Edge Transport Spam and Virus Filtering as 1st
    point of entry
  • Hub Transport (bridgehead) Responsible for
    routing messages. Inbound and Outbound Policies
  • Client Access Server Front-end Client
    Connecting point such as Mobile Phone, Web
    Browser(OWA), or a Remote Laptop using Outlook
    Anywhere. CAS uses Mailbox Replication
  • Mailbox Server Holds users mailbox
    information, Continuous Cluster Replication and
    Database Availability Group
  • Unified Messaging Voice mail server, usually
    set up on a dedicated server

8
Introduction Part 1 Exchange Enterprise
Topology
9
Introduction Part 1 How Messages Get to
Exchange Server from the Internet
  • 1. An incoming message from the Internet first
    goes to the Edge Transport server.
  • 2. The Edge Transport server performs first-level
    recipient validation, as well as spam and virus
    filtering. The message is then passed on to the
    Hub Transport server.
  • 3. The Hub Transport server performs compliance
    content assessment and then looks at the internal
    routing for messages and forwards the message to
    another Hub Transport server or directly to a
    Mailbox server.

10
Introduction Part 1 How Messages Get to
Exchange Server from the Internet Cont.
  • 4. The Mailbox server places the incoming message
    into the users mailbox and notifies the user
    that a message has arrived.
  • 5. The user launches Outlook, OWA, their Windows
    Mobile device, or another client system and
    connects to the client access server. The client
    access server confirms the destination point of
    the users mailbox and provides the user access
    to their mailbox data.
  • 6. In parallel, if a voice mail message comes in
    for a user, the Unified Messaging server
    processes the incoming voice message, and then
    takes the message and places the voice message
    into the users mailbox residing on the Mailbox
    server for the recipient.

11
Introduction Part 1 How Messages Route Within
an Internal Exchange Server Environment
  • 1. A message is created by a user in Outlook, on
    their Windows Mobile device, or on OWA where the
    user is connected to the client access server.
  • 2. The message is stored on the users Mailbox
    server as an Outbox message and, likely, a copy
    is stored in the users Sent Items folder on the
    Mailbox server.
  • 3. The Mailbox server then typically sends the
    message to a Hub Transport server that performs
    compliance content assessment and then looks at
    the internal routing for messages and forwards
    the message to another Hub Transport server,
    directly to a Mailbox server, or out to the
    Internet.

12
Introduction Part 1 How Messages Route Within
an Internal Exchange Server Environment Cont.
  • 4. For internal messages, the Mailbox server
    places the incoming message into the users
    mailbox and notifies the user that a message has
    arrived.
  • 5. The message recipient launches Outlook, OWA,
    their Windows Mobile device, or another client
    system and connects to the client access server.
    The client access server confirms the destination

13
Introduction Part 1MS Hyper-V Role
  • Hyper-V is a role in Windows Server 2008 that
    provides you with the tools and services you can
    use to create a virtualized server computing
    environment.
  • create and manage virtual machines
  • Allows you to run multiple operating systems on
    one physical computer and isolate the operating
    systems from each other.

14
Introduction Part 1Creating a Virtual Network
Domain
  • Step 1 Install Windows Server 2008 or 2008 R2
  • Step 2 Install Hyper-V
  • Step 3 Create and set up a virtual machine(s)
  • Step 4 Install the operating system and
    integration services
  • Step 5 Configuring virtual networks
  • Step 6 Configure Windows Domain

15
Installing MS Hyper-V Role Part 2Requirements
for Hyper-V
  • x64-based processor, hardware-assisted
    virtualization, and hardware data execution
    prevention (DEP).
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard, Windows Server 2008
    Enterprise, and Windows Server 2008 Datacenter

16
ICT 435 Senior Project The Installation and
Configuration of Microsoft Exchange Server 2010
using Microsoft Hyper-V Server
  • by
  • Ned P. Adams Jr.
  • PART 2 and 3

17
Installing MS Hyper-V Role Part 2Installing
the Hyper-V Role
  • Start Menu, Open Service Manager, and expand the
    Roles option on the left side
  • Server manager uses wizards, Click add roles link
    on the right
  • Select the Hyper-V role
  • To create a virtual network select 1 of the 2
    Ethernet cards installed on the 2008 Server Host
  • Select the virtual networks to be created,
    reboots
  • Browse to Administrative Tools in the Start menu,
    and launch the Hyper-V Manager

18
Installing Windows Server Part 3
  • Start your system with the Windows Server 2008 R2
    DVD
  • Enter the product key if prompted or skip to use
    the 60 day evaluation
  • Select the version for which you are licensed
  • Installation proceeds and reboots several times,
    after the installation login

19
Create Domain Server and Configure DNS Part 4-1
  • A domain is a subnetwork made up of a group of
    clients and servers under the control of one
    central security database. Within a domain, users
    authenticate once to a centralized server known
    as a domain controller(server)
  • Domain Naming System (DNS) maintains a list of
    network servers and systems and their associated
    IP addresses

20
Create Domain Server and Configure DNS Part 4-2
  • Install a Virtual 2008 R2 Machine
  • Run dcpromo from the run window
  • Create a new domain in a new forest
  • Name the forest Root Domain for example
    adamant.com
  • Enter the Domain NetBIOS name ADAMANT
  • Set the Forest function level

21
Create Domain Server and Configure DNS Part 4-3
  • Set the Domain function level
  • Select the DNS server as an additional controller
    option
  • Assign a static Ip address to your network
    adapters
  • Continue on the DNS delegation screen
  • Use default location for Database, Logfiles and
    SYSVOL

22
Create Domain Server and Configure DNS Part 4-4
  • Set the Directory Services Restore Mode Password
  • Next on Summary Screen, Wizard Continues
  • Restart Now

23
Install Workstations and Users Part 4-5
  • Create 2 users Alex and Mary
  • Create 2 virtual XP workstations
  • Install MS Office 2007 on both

24
ICT 435 Senior Project The Installation and
Configuration of Microsoft Exchange Server 2010
using Microsoft Hyper-V Server
  • by
  • Ned P. Adams Jr.
  • PART 5

25
Installing MS Exchange Server 2010 Exchange 2010
System roles
  • Edge Transport Spam and Virus Filtering as 1st
    point of entry
  • Hub Transport (bridgehead) Responsible for
    routing messages. Inbound and Outbound Policies
  • Client Access Server Front-end Client
    Connecting point such as Mobile Phone, Web
    Browser(OWA), or a Remote Laptop using Outlook
    Anywhere. CAS uses Mailbox Replication
  • Mailbox Server Holds users mailbox
    information, Continuous Cluster Replication and
    Database Availability Group
  • Unified Messaging Voice mail server, usually
    set up on a dedicated server

26
Installing MS Exchange Server 2010 Exchange
Enterprise Topology
27
Installing MS Exchange Server 2010 Part 5-1
Pre-requisites
  • 1. Install .NET Framework 3.5 from the features
    selection
  • 2. Install all of the IIS features also
  • 3. Set the Net.TCP Sharing Service automatic
    startup type from the services list
  • 4. Using Power Shell enter ServerManagerCMD i
    RSAT-ADDS
  • 5. Download and install the 2007 Office System
    Converter Filter Pack from http//www.microsoft.c
    om/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId60C92A37-719C-4
    077-B5C6-CAC34F4227CCdisplaylangen

28
Installing MS Exchange Server 2010 Part 5-1
  • 1. Log on with your domain administrator account.
    From your Exchange Server 2010 installation
    media, run the Exchange Installation Wizard
    (d\setup.exe, for example)
  • 2. Select Step 4 Choose Exchange Language
    Option. Select either Install Only Languages
    from the DVD
  • 3. Select Step 5 Install Microsoft Exchange
  • 4. From the Introduction screen, click Next to
    continue.
  • 5. From the License Agreement screen, select I
    Accept the Terms in the License Agreement and
    click Next to continue
  • 6. On the Error Reporting screen, select whether
    you want to report installation errors to
    Microsoft. The default is No. Click Next to
    continue

29
Installing MS Exchange Server 2010 Part 5-2
  • 7. On the Installation Type screen, In our test
    environment, we are installing the HubTransport,
    Client Access, and Mailbox server roles (as well
    as the ExchangeManagement Tools), so we select
    Typical Exchange Server Installation. click Next
    to continue
  • 8. On the Client Settings screen, if you have
    clients running either Outlook 2003 (orearlier)
    or Entourage, select Yes Otherwise, select No.
    Selecting Yes creates a publicfolder database
    during the installation to support these clients.
    When ready, click Next to continue
  • 9. The Configure Client Access Server External
    Domain screen is a new addition to the Exchange
    Installation Wizard. If your client access
    server will be Internet facing, you can place a
    check in the box and enter the domain name that
    you will use (for example, mailservices.domain.com
    ). If your client access server is NOT going to
    be Internet facing, leave this box unchecked.
    Click Next to continue.

30
Installing MS Exchange Server 2010 Part 5-3
  • 10. On the Customer Experience Improvement
    Program screen, elect whether you want to join
    the Exchange Customer Experience Improvement
    Program. Make your selection and click Next to
    continue
  • 11. On the Readiness Checks screen, wait while
    the Install Wizard goes through the
    prerequisites for each of the selected roles.
    There maybe hotfixes required for the roles
    being installedif so, they will be identified
    as errors in the Readiness Check. Take the
    recommended actions to resolve them. When all
    readiness checks show as Completed, click
    Install to continue
  • 12. On the Completion screen, review the results
    of the installation. Ideally, you should see
    Successfully Installed

31
Troubleshooting and Testing Part 7Test Email
Functionality
  • Send Mail from Alex to Mary
  • Have Mary reply to Alex
  • Have Mary invite Alex to a meeting and Alex Reply

32
Conclusion
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