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What is Biotechnology?

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What is Biotechnology? Biotechnology Break it down to the root words and what do you get? The use of living organisms to solve problems or make useful products. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is Biotechnology?


1
What isBiotechnology?
2
Biotechnology
  • Break it down to the root words and what do you
    get?
  • The use of living organisms to solve problems or
    make useful products.

Electron microscope photograph of yeast cells
3
Biotechnology
  • We have been using Biotechnology for thousands of
    years.
  • The ability of microorganisms to produce acids
    and gasses as a result of normal cell metabolism
    has been taken advantage of to make new and
    exciting foods for generations.
  • Can you think of some examples of such products?

4
Biotechnology
  • Bread
  • Cheese
  • Beer and Wine

5
Biotechnology
  • For years humans have been also been manipulating
    the genetic makeup of organisms to make more
    useful products.
  • For example Peas, Corn, Domesticated farm
    animals (Cows, sheep, etc.)

6
The Biotechnology Revolution
  • So why are we talking about a Biotechnology
    revolution? Why are you in this class? Whats
    so New?
  • Our knowledge of cell and molecular biology has
    reached a point where we can manipulate organisms
    at the molecular level.

7
New Biotechnology
  • There are now several thousand companies that
    have been born to take advantage of the new
    techniques and knowledge available to biologists
    to create products that are useful to human
    society.

8
A collection ofTechnologies Skills
  • Biotechnology uses a collection of scientific
    skills mixed with Sales, Marketing, Legal,
    Regulatory, and Human Resource skills

9
Biotechnology research Disciplines
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology
  • Genetics
  • Immunology
  • Engineering
  • Materials science
  • Computer science
  • Mathematics

10
Biotechnology Applications
  • Medical
  • Diagnostic
  • Therapeutics
  • Vaccines
  • Environmental
  • Environmental monitoring
  • Bioremediation
  • Pollution prevention
  • Agriculture
  • Crop yield
  • Animal Health
  • Food Quality

11
Genetic Engineering
The core of this class will focus on the biology
and tools of genetic engineering
  • Isolation of genes with a specific (useful)
    function.
  • Insertion of that gene into an organism that will
    transcribe and translate that product.
  • Expression of the gene at high volume to make a
    product
  • E.g. Insulin

12
Bioinformatics
  • Is the use and organization of information about
    biology.
  • A fusion of Computer science, mathematics, and
    molecular biology.
  • Whole genomes can be sequenced in days.
  • Massive amounts of data available e.g. at
    (http//www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/)
  • Comparisons of sequences
  • Analysis of Protein structures
  • Correlation of marker sequences with disease or
    reaction to drugs.

13
Interesting Links
  • DNA Chip Technology http//www.sumanasinc.com/webc
    ontent/animations/content/dnachips.html
  • Glow-pig http//www.youtube.com/watch?v1Y1d2-Ob
    xPQ
  • Heart of stem-cells http//www1.umn.edu/umnnews/F
    eature_Stories/Researchers_create_a_new_heart_in_t
    he_lab.html
  • (video) http//www.startribune.com/video/13711842
    .html
  • Super-carrot http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/71
    88969.stm
  • Curing deafness http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/healt
    h/7582640.stm
  • Artificial life http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/scienc
    e/nature/7203186.stm
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