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HAZMAT/ HAZWASTE/ ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY

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Title: HAZMAT/ HAZWASTE/ ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY


1
NAVEDTRA 43904-C
SEABEE COMBAT WARFARECOMMON CORE
Unit 105 HAZMAT/ HAZWASTE/ ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY
2
References
  • OPNAVINST 5100.23G Navy Occupational Safety and
    Health (NAVOSH) Program Manual
  • - NAVEDTRA 14233 Navy Construction
    Force/Seabee 1C
  • - NAVEDTRA 14167 Naval Safety Supervisor
  • - OPNAVINST 5100.19D Naval Occupational
    Safety and Health (NAVOSH) Program Manual for
    Forces Afloat
  • COMFIRSTNCDINST 5100.2B, Naval Construction Force
    Occupational Safety and Health Program Manual
  • OPNAVINST 5090.1B, CH-4, Environmental and
    Natural Resource Program Manual
  • 29 CFR Part 1910 General Industry Standards

3
HAZMAT/ HAZWASTE
  • PQS Question 105.1 Describe the difference
    between Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) and Hazardous
    Waste (HW)
  • Reference NAVEDTRA 14167 ch. 5, pp. 5-7 thru
    5-9

4
HAZMAT/ HAZWASTE
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL is a material that is harmful
to the environment such as paint, cleaners,
acids, glues, or other flammables. HAZWASTE is
a product generated from a process that once
completed, the product can no longer be used to
meet its original intended purpose. HAZMAT which
has exceeded its shelf-life is considered
HAZWASTE also.
5
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  • PQS Question 105.2 State the purpose and
    information contained on the Material Safety Data
    Sheet (MSDS)
  • Reference NAVEDTRA 14233 ch. 7NAVEDTRA 14167
    ch. 5

6
Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)
  • A document generated by the manufacturer of the
    material that communicates to the users the
    chemical, physical, and hazardous properties of
    that material.
  • In Compliance with OSHA hazard communication,
    standard key information includes
  • - Name, address, and emergency contact for the
    manufacturer.
  • - Physical and Chemical Characteristics.
  • - Fire and Explosive Hazard Data.
  • - Reactivity Data.
  • - Health Hazard Data.
  • - Precautions for Safe Handling and Use.
  • - Control Measures.

7
HAZMAT Hazard Categories
  • PQS Question 105.3 What are the six categories
    of HAZMAT
  • Reference NAVEDTRA 14167 ch. 5, p. 5-7

8
6 Types of HAZMAT
  • 1 Flammables and Combustibles (fuels/grease)
  • 2 Aerosols
  • 3 Toxins and Poisonous materials
  • 4 Compressed gases ( acetylene/ oxygen)
  • 5 Oxidizers (bleach/ calcium hypochloride)
  • 6 Corrosives (acids or alkali's)

9
Storage Procedures
  • PQS Question 105.4 Explain the storage
    procedures for incompatible materials.
  • Reference OPNAVINST 5100.19Dch. C23-4 thru
    C23-7, appendix. C23-F

10
Storage Procedures
  • According to the type of HAZMAT, certain storage
    procedures must be applied. For example, do not
    mix flammable and toxic materials, or flammables
    and corrosives together.
  • The safest practice concerning hazardous material
    is to draw only the amount of material that can
    be used that day. Storing hazardous materials on
    the job site requires the use of approved
    containers. These containers must be placed a
    minimum of 50 feet away from any ignition device
    or source. Plan for the delivery of proper
    storage equipment before having hazardous
    materials delivered to the job site.

11
Storage Procedures
12
Spills
  • PQS Question 105.5 Explain the general
    procedures to be followed when a Hazardous
    Material/ Hazardous Waste (HM/HW) spill is
    discovered.
  • Reference OPNAVINST 5090.1B CH-4 ch. 10, pp.
    10-10 thru 10-1929 CFR Part 1910 CFR 1910.120

13
Spills
  • HAZMAT / HAZWASTE spills
  • - The unit must respond immediately with an
    approved response team, equipment, and disposal
    plan. Reports must be made and tests conducted
    to ensure no contamination remains. Disposal of
    contaminate soils, etc. must follow strict
    guidelines.

14
HAZMATPPE
  • PQS Question 105.6 State the PPE required when
    handling HM/HM at levels A, B, C, D.
  • Reference 29 CFR Part 1910
  • 29 CFR 1910.120, app. B

15
HAZMATPPE
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Ensure all
    personnel understand the following.
  • - What hazard materials are present.
  • - What dangers they present when exposed to
    personnel and equipment.
  • - What PPE is required for protection from each
    specific danger.
  • - What training is required for proper use of
    PPE.
  • - Ensure proper training is documented.
  • - Ensure training includes the issue, use, and
    maintenance of PPE in routine and non-routine use
    of hazardous materials.
  • - Ensure comprehensive risk assessments are
    conducted at all job sites and work areas.

16
Classification Codes
  • PQS Question 105.7 What are the 9 different
    Hazard Classification codes?

17
Classification Codes
  • Class 1 Explosives

18
Classification Codes
  • Class 2 Gases

19
Classification Codes
  • Class 3 Flammable Liquids

20
Classification Codes
  • Class 4 Flammable Solids

21
Classification Codes
  • Class 5 Oxidizing Agents and Organic Peroxides

22
Classification Codes
  • Class 6 Toxic and Infections Substances

23
Classification Codes
  • Class 7 Radioactive Substances

24
Classification Codes
  • Class 8 Corrosive Substances

25
Classification Codes
  • Class 9 Miscellaneous

26
SecondaryLabeling
  • PQS Question 105.8 Describe the purpose of
    secondary labeling of HAZMAT when removed from
    the original container.
  • Reference NAVEDTRA 14233 Ch. 7

27
SecondaryLabeling
  • Labeling and marking of containers The name of
    the manufacturer and the organization receiving,
    sending, using, or transferring the material to
    other containers.
  • Example. A two quart can filled with oil from the
    lube rack must have a label on it specifying what
    type of HM is in the can, the name of the
    manufacturer, and nature of the hazard.
  • Identify reference sources for use in verifying
    label and marking requirements and provide
    recommendations, training guidelines, and
    procedures for labeling and marking all
    containers including tanks, pipes, and secondary
    containers.
  • Provide consultation on the identification of HM,
    the labeling and marking of HM containers for
    special applications or conditions of use, and
    for HM produced or manufactured locally by the
    activity.

28
SecondaryLabeling
29
Terminology
  • PQS Question 105.9 Define the following terms
  • Hazardous Material Minimization Center OPNAVINST
    5100.19D, Ch. C2303
  • Consolidated Hazardous Material Reutilization and
    Inventory Management Program (CHRIMP) OPNAVINST
    5090.1B, ch. 3
  • Hazardous Materials Inventory Control System
    (HICS) OPNAVINST 5090.1B, ch. 3

30
Terminology
  • HAZMINCEN ( Hazardous Minimization Center)
  • - Issues receives, prepares for disposal, and
    stores excess stock of HM.
  • CHRIMP ( Consolidated Hazardous Material
    Reutilization Inventory Management Program )
  • - Tracks, bar codes, and creates requisitions
    for HM.
  • HICS ( Hazardous Inventory Control System )
  • - Prepares reports for administration purposes of
    the HM inventory. A combined program with
    CHRIMP.
  • - Both CHRIMP and HICS are being replaced with
    Hazardous Substance Management System (HSMS).
    This program provides the same functions.

31
SpillContainment
  • PQS Question 105.10 Discuss the aspects of
    portable containment of oil spills on water.
  • Reference NAVEDTRA 14233 ch. 7

32
SpillContainment
  • Portable containment of oil spills on water Boom
    of spills has proven to be an effective method of
    containing spills of liquids on relatively calm
    and current free waters. Because of ecological
    considerations, booming has become an important
    means of containing oil spills, even though more
    effective equipment is now available.
  • Following confinement of oil spills on water,
    various methods of removing the confined liquids
    have been used.
  • - Absorbents, such as straw, plastics, sawdust,
    and peat moss are spread on the surface of the
    spill and then collected and burned on shore.
  • - Skimming devices operate on a different
    principle and must include pumps and separators.
    Skimmers scoop up the oil and water and send them
    through an oil separator and rollers to which
    only the oil adheres. The oil is then removed by
    scraping and compression.

33
ImportantHAZMAT Items
  • PQS Question 105.11 Discuss the following
  • Oil spills
  • Grubbing operations
  • Asbestos
  • Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB)
  • Reference NAVEDTRA 14233 ch. 7

34
Oil Spills
  • Small spills in areas with shallow groundwater
    table or where contained by natural barriers can
    be immediately remedied.
  • Interceptor Trench.
  • Stripping and replacing of contaminated soil.

35
GrubbingOperations
  • Large scale clearing in initial stages of a
    project can produce damaging side effects
  • - Increased soil erosion.
  • - Reduction of atmospheric oxygen.
  • - Destruction of wildlife habitat.
  • Preventative Measures
  • - Save as much vegetation as possible.
  • - Construct a shallow trench around the project.
  • - Burn only when necessary.

36
Asbestos
  • Fibrous material used extensively from the 1930s
    to the 1960s. It is a known carcinogen.
    Hazardous when airborne and inhaled. Symptoms
    dont occur until years later.
  • Covered by OPNAVINST 5100.23.
  • As a rule, NCF does NOT do asbestos work.

37
PolychlorinatedBiphenyl's (PCBs)
  • Group of toxic chemicals used extensively as
    insulators and coolers in electrical equipment,
    especially transformers.
  • Causes irritation to eyes, skin, and lungs, also
    suspected of causing cancer.
  • Regulated beginning with the Toxic Substances
    Control Act in 1977.
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