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Medical Microbiology MDL243

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Title: Medical Microbiology MDL243


1
Medical MicrobiologyMDL243
  • Dr. KHALID M ALJARALLAH

2
Medical Microbiology 1st LectureMDL243
3
  • microorganisms that might live somewhere in or on
    your body. image via pharmaceutical microbiology.
  • http//battymsminton.blogspot.com/2012/06/original
    -human-social-network.html

4
Course organization
  • Lab Reports 10
  • One assignment 10
  • Two mid-term Exams 2 x 15 30
  • Lab final exam 10
  • Final Exam 40

5
This course will provide you with
  • Morphology of bacteria, structure of bacteria,
    difference between microbes, bacterial growth,
    relation between the host and microbial flora.
  • Introduction in Immunology.
  • Examples of pathogenic bacteria to humans
    (characteristics, transmission, diseases,
    prevention, diagnosis, treatment).
  • Virology (general characteristics, structure,
    viral genetics, classification, diagnosis,
    examples of pathogenic diseases.)
  • Mycology (importance of fungi , definitions,
    classification, structure, fungal multiplication,
    transmission, growth, diseases, treatment,
    examples of pathogenic fungi).
  • Basics of parasitology, classification of
    parasites, transmission, examples of pathogenic
    parasites, treatment, lifecycles.

6
Main reference
7
References
  • Microbiology. C. K. Paniker.1996.
  • Medical Microbiology. David Green wood, Richard
    Slack, John Peutherer, Mike Barer. Churchill
    Livingstone 2007.
  • Medical Microbiology. Jawetz, Melnick
    Adelbergs. Lange 2007.
  • Foundations in Microbiology. Kathleen P. Talaro,
    2004.USA.
  • Medical Microbiology A short Course. Baron, et
    al., 1994.Willey-Lis.
  • Microbiology, Basic Principles and Clinical
    Application, Rose and Barron (1983)
  • Biology of Microorganisms, Brock and Madigan
    (1988)
  • Microbiology Essential and Applications,
    International Edition. Larry McKane Judy Kandel
    (1996)

8
History of Microbiology
  • Some highlights
  • 1673 van Leeuwenhoeks microscopes (animalcules
    not spontaneously)
  • 1857 Pasteur Fermentation (term Microorganism,
    development o vaccines against Anthrax, Chicken
    cholera and Rabies)
  • 1876 Koch - germ theory of disease (solid media,
    discovery of causative agents of Tuberculosis,
    Cholera, Anthrax. Kochs postulates. Lab animals)

9
Golden Age of Microbiology 1857 - 1914
  • Pasteur
  • Pasteurization
  • Fermentation
  • Joseph Lister
  • Phenol to treat surgical wounds 1st attempt to
    control infections caused by microoganisms
  • Robert Koch
  • Kochs Postulates
  • Edward Jenner
  • vaccination
  • Paul Erlich
  • 1st synthetic drug used to treat infections
  • Salvarsan - arsenic based chemical to treat
    Syphilis
  • salvation from Syphilis

10
What is Microbiology?
  • The study of the organisms that are invisible to
    the naked eye
  • Includes
  • Bacteria
  • Algae
  • Fungi
  • Protozoa
  • Viruses

11
Microbes.. Harmful or Beneficial?
  • 99 of microorganisms contribute to the quality
    of human life
  • Natural flora
  • Maintain balance of chemical elements in the
    natural environment (recycling carbon, nitrogen,
    sulfur..etc.)
  • Prevent infection by pathogens
  • Food beverage production
  • ..

12
Examples of beneficial Microorganisms
13
  • A minority cause disease!
  • EX.
  • AIDS
  • Influenza
  • Salmonellosis
  • Botulism
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