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ALCOHOL

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ALCOHOL ALCOPOPS What is Alcohol? Depressant Contains intoxicating substance called ethyl alcohol or ethanol Slows down the functions of the brain and other parts of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ALCOHOL


1
ALCOHOL
ALCOPOPS
2
75 of High School Students report having tried
alcohol at least once.
28 reported having an alcoholic beverage in the
last month
Male students more likely than female students to
report episodic heavy drinking
3
What is Alcohol?
  • Depressant
  • Contains intoxicating substance called ethyl
    alcohol or ethanol
  • Slows down the functions of the brain and other
    parts of the nervous system

4
What is Alcohol?
  • Produced by a fermentation process
  • Proof is the amount of alcohol in the substance
    (ex. 100 proof bottle of vodka is 50 alcohol)
  • 12 oz. Beer 4 oz. Wine 1 oz. liquor

5
Effects of Alcohol
  • Heart/Blood Vessels
  • Short term
  • Perspiration increases and skin becomes flushed
  • Long Term
  • High blood pressure and damage to the heart
    muscle blood vessels harden and become less
    flexible

6
More Effects
  • Brain/Nervous System
  • Short Term
  • Speech is slurred and difficulty walking
  • Long Term
  • Brain cells are destroyed and unable to be
    replaced damage to nerves in body resulting in
    numbness in hands and feet

7
The Rest of Alcohol Effects
  • Liver
  • Short Term
  • Liver changes alcohol into water and carbon
    dioxide
  • Long Term
  • Liver is damaged possibly resulting in cirrhosis
    (scarring and destruction of the liver)

8
Liver
  • Can only oxidize about 1 serving of alcohol an
    hour
  • NO WAY to speed up this process
  • Until liver has had time to oxidize all of the
    alcohol ingested, it keeps circulating through
    the bloodstream

9
Liver Damage
  • FATTY LIVER
  • alcohol interferes with bodys ability to break
    down fats.
  • Excess fat blocks flow in liver resulting in
    reduced oxygen and cell death
  • can be REVERSED when drinking stops

10
Liver Damage
  • CIRRHOSIS
  • scarring of the liver
  • no blood flow in scarred area
  • liver cannot function
  • symptoms high blood pressure, abdominal
    swelling, jaundice
  • IRREVERSIBLE

11
Healthy Liver
Alcoholic Liver
12
The Rest of Alcohol Effects
  • Stomach/Pancreas
  • Short Term
  • Stomach acids increase, which often results in
    nausea and vomiting
  • Long Term
  • Irritation occurs in the stomach lining, causing
    open sores called ulcers pancreas becomes
    inflamed

13
Binge Drinking
  • 5 or more drinks in a sitting for men
  • 4 or more drinks in a sitting for women
  • May lead to Alcohol Poisoning
  • May lead to unplanned unprotected sex
  • May lead to drug use
  • Many high school/college students die from
    alcohol poisoning from binge drinking on the
    weekends.

14
Dangers of Binge Drinking
  • Unintentional injuries (e.g. car crash, falls,
    burns, drowning).
  • Intentional injuries (e.g. firearm injuries,
    sexual assault, domestic violence).
  • Alcohol poisoning.
  • STDs and/or Unintended pregnancy.
  • High blood pressure, stroke, and other
    cardiovascular diseases.
  • Liver Disease

15
Factors affecting the amount of alcohol in a
persons blood
  • Gender
  • Metabolism
  • Amount of Alcohol (not of drinks)
  • How much they weigh
  • How much time elapses after or between drinks

16
Drinking and Driving
  • Drinking alcohol impairs vision, reaction time,
    and coordination.
  • DWI and DUI leading cause of death among teens
  • Signs of intoxication can begin to appear as low
    as 0.02
  • There is no acceptable BAC level for anyone under
    21

17
SAFEST AMOUNT OF DRINKS 0!!!This is at any
age!!!!
18
Consequences of teen DUI
  • Harm to the driver and others
  • Severely restricted driving privileges
  • Alcohol related injuries, property damage, and
    death
  • Living with remorse

19
Blood Alcohol Concentration
  • Amount of alcohol in a persons bloodstream
  • legal limit for CA is .08 for people 21 years
    old and older
  • legal limit for CA is zero for people under 21

20
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21
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22
Alcohol Poisoning
  • Dangerous to just sleep it off
  • Signs
  • Mental confusion, stupor, coma, inability to be
    excited, vomiting, and seizures
  • Slow Respiration Hypothermia Dehydration
    Irregular heartbeat
  • CALL 911 immediately if suspicious of poisoning

23
What are some things that people do to sober up?
24
WHAT SOBERS A PERSON UP THE FASTEST????
  • TIME!!!

25
Alcoholism
  • A disease in which a person has a physical or
    psychological dependence on drinks that contain
    alcohol.
  • Characterized as an impaired ability to study,
    work, or socialize normally.

26
The 3 Stages of Alcoholism
  • Early Stage (Stage 1)
  • to relax, relieve stress
  • leads to necessity to manage stress
  • begins to become intoxicated regularly
  • makes excuses and tries to rationalize drinking
    behavior

27
  • Middle Stage (Stage 2)
  • drinker denies or tries to hide problem
  • body develops tolerance
  • frequently absent from school or work
  • drinking is central event in a persons life
  • drinks when alone
  • drinks first thing in the morning
  • drinks daily

28
  • Final Stage (Stage 3)
  • person becomes aggressive isolated
  • malnutrition occurs because drinker consumes
    alcohol and does not worry about food
  • body is addicted
  • try to quitWITHDRAWAL
  • Delirium Tremens-hot/cold flashes, tremors,
    nightmares, hallucinations, fear of people and
    animals
  • NO CURE---ONLY RECOVERY

29
Effects on Family and Society
  • 40 of violent crimes annually are alcohol
    related
  • ½ of all homicide victims have alcohol in their
    bloodstream

30
Treatment
  • Cannot be cured
  • Can be treated
  • Counseling
  • Medication

31
Where to go for help
  • Alcoholics Anonymous
  • National Association for children of alcoholics
  • National drug and treatment referral routing
    service.
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