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Taking Action - Emergency Action Steps


Take out your First Aid Portfolio Do NOT ... Any victim of submersion or near drowning. Any victim of cardiac arrest Any victim of drug overdose. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Taking Action - Emergency Action Steps

Taking Action - Emergency Action Steps
  • Dont put yourself in danger!!! Dead or injured
    heroes are no help to anyone.

Three basic steps in any emergency
  1. CHECK the scene and the victim.
  2. CALL 9-1-1 or the local emergency number
  3. CARE for the victim

  • Before you can help a victim, you must make sure
    the scene is safe for you and any bystanders.
  • Look the scene over and ask yourself some

Questions when checking the scene
  1. Is the scene safe?
  2. What happened?
  3. How many victims are there?
  4. Can bystanders help?

Is the scene safe?
  • Check for spilled chemicals, traffic, fire,
    escaping steam, downed electrical lines, smoke,
    extreme weather or poisons.
  • If these or other dangers threaten, do not go
    near the victim.
  • Stay a safe distance and call 9-1-1

  • Leave dangerous situations to the professionals
    like fire fighters and police who have the
    training and the tools to deal with them.
  • You can assist in other ways.
  • Try to find out what happened so you can describe
    clearly what you know.

Look Carefully
  • Look for more than one victim. You might not see
    everyone at first.
  • If someone is bleeding or screaming it is hard to
    notice an unconscious victim.
  • It is also easy to overlook a child or an infant.

  • Turn in Health article 4 in the basket in the
    back of the room
  • Make sure your name is on your journal entries
    and place that in the basket in the front of the
  • Take out your First Aid Portfolio

  • Do not move a seriously injured victim unless
    there is an immediate danger.
  • If you must move a victim, do it quickly and as
    carefully as possible.
  • If there is no danger, tell the victim not to
    move. Tell any bystanders not to move the victim.

Provide Comfort
  • You may have to find information from bystanders.
    A victim may be too upset to answer your
  • A child may be especially frightened.
  • Anyone who awakens after being unconscious for a
    few minutes may be frightened.
  • Bystanders or parents can also comfort.

Look for signals
  • Check if the victim is conscious. You may be the
    reassuring person.
  • Unconsciousness is a life-threatening emergency.
    If there is no response make sure 9-1-1 is
  • Look for bleeding and breathing. These are
    life-threatening events.
  • Look, listen, smell for problems.

  • 9-1-1 (free on a cell phone)
  • If you are on a cell phone, you must know your
    location or nearby landmarks.
  • Calling 9-1-1 is often the most important action
    that is taken in emergency situations.
  • This starts the EMS as fast as possible.
  • DO NOT hang up until the dispatcher does.
  • Whenever possible, ask a bystander to make the

Call first if
  • Shout for help first. If you are alone, call
    first if before providing care
  • An unconscious adult or child 8 years or older.
  • An unconscious infant or child known to be at
    high risk of heart problems.

Call first if
  • Time is a critical factor. Cardiac emergencies
    are time critical events.
  • The shorter time from collapse to use of AED, the
    greater chance of survival.

Call fast for
  • An unconscious victim less than 8 years old.
  • Any victim of submersion or near drowning.
  • Any victim of cardiac arrest
  • Any victim of drug overdose.

  • Sometimes a conscious victim will tell you not to
    call an ambulance and you may not be sure what to

WHEN TO CALL - call 911 if
  • Victim is or becomes unconscious.
  • Has trouble breathing or breathes strangely.
  • Has chest discomfort, pain or pressure that
    persists for 3 - 5 minutes.
  • Is bleeding severely.
  • Has pressure or pain in the abdomen that does not
    go away.

WHEN TO CALL - call 911 if
  • Is vomiting or passing blood.
  • Has a seizure that last more than 5 minutes or
    multiple seizures.
  • Has a seizure and is pregnant or diabetic.
  • Has a severe headache or slurred speech.
  • Appears to have been poisoned.
  • Has injuries of the head, neck or back.
  • Has possible broken bones.

Also call when
  • Fire or explosion.
  • Downed electrical wires.
  • Swiftly moving or rapidly rising water.
  • Presence of poisonous gas.
  • Vehicle collisions
  • Victims who cannot be moved easily.

Calling 9-1-1 (EMS)
  1. Call 9-1-1
  2. Give the dispatcher the necessary information
  3. Exact location
  4. Callers name
  5. What happened
  6. How many people are involved
  7. Condition of the victim
  8. What help is being given

Calling 9-1-1 (EMS)
  1. Do not hang up until the dispatcher hangs up.
    The EMS dispatcher may be able to tell you how to
    best care for the victim.
  2. Return and continue care for the victim. It is
    often best to have a bystander make the 9-1-1
    call while you provide care.

  • Always care for life threatening emergencies
  • Watch for changes in breathing and consciousness.
  • Help the victim rest comfortably.
  • Keep the victim from getting chilled or
  • Reassure the victim.

Transporting a victim
  • BE VERY CAREFUL about making a decision to take
    the victim to the hospital yourself. Many things
    can happen and change.
  • DO NOT transport a victim with a life threatening
  • Do not let a victim drive, either alone or with

Do no further harm
  • One of the most dangerous threats to a seriously
    injured victim is unnecessary movement.

Clothes Drag, Two Person Seat Carry, Walking
Assist, Pack Strap Carry, Blanket Drag
Permission to care
  • You must get the victims permission to care.
  • Tell them who you are.
  • Tell them about your training.
  • Tell them how you plan to help.
  • Do not give care to a conscious person who
    refuses it. Call 9-1-1

Permission to care
  • Permission is implied if you come upon a victim
    who is unconscious or unable to respond.
  • This means you can assume that, if the person
    could respond, he or she would agree to care.
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