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Toward a common definition of Global Health

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Jeffrey P. Koplan, MD, MPH Vice President for Global Health Emory University decision-making based on data and evidence (vital statistics, surveillance and outbreak ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Toward a common definition of Global Health


1
Toward a common definition of Global Health
Jeffrey P. Koplan, MD, MPH Vice President for
Global Health Emory University
2
Elements of Public Health
  • decision-making based on data and evidence (vital
    statistics, surveillance and outbreak
    investigations, laboratory science)
  • a focus on population rather than individuals
  • a quest for social justice and equality
  • a focus on prevention rather than curative care

3
A definition of public health
  • Public health is the science and art of
    preventing disease, prolonging life, and
    promoting physical health and efficacy through
    organized community efforts for the sanitation of
    the environment, the control of communicable
    infections, the education
  • of the individual in personal hygiene, the
  • organization of medical and

4
cont.nursing services for the early diagnosis
and preventive treatment of disease, and the
development of social machinery which will ensure
every individual in the community a standard of
living adequate for the maintenance of health so
organizing these benefits in such a fashion as to
enable every citizen to realize his birthright
and longevity.
C.E.A. Winslow 1920
5
The IOM report defined.the mission of
public health as fulfilling societys interest
in assuring conditions in which people can be
healthy. (1988) Future of
Public Health
6
John Last defines public health as one of the
efforts to protect, promote and restore the
peoples health. It is the combination of
science, skills and beliefs that is directed to
the maintenance and improvement of the health of
all the people through collective or social
actions. Dictionary of
Epidemiology (2001)
7
International Health
8
International Health Health work involving
countries beyond ones own, with a geographic
focus on developing nations and often with a
content focus on infectious and tropical
diseases, water and sanitation, malnutrition, and
maternal and child health.
9
relates more to health practices, policies and
systemsand stresses more the differences between
countries than their commonalities
10
is limited exclusively to the diseases of the
developing world.
11
Global Health
12
What is global? Must a health crisis cross
national borders to be considered a global health
issue?
13
Is global health primarily concerned with
infectious disease and maternal/childhood issues
or does it also address issues such as chronic
disease, injuries, mental health, and the
environment?
14
Must global health operate only within a
context of a quest for social/economic equity?
15
What is the interdisciplinary scope of global
health?
16
Proposed definitionGlobal health is a field of
study, research, and practice that places a
priority on equity in health for all people.
Global health involves all of the health sciences
and multiple additional disciplines and
stakeholders, is a synthesis of population-based
prevention with individual- level clinical care,
promotes interdisciplinary collaboration, and
emphasizes transnational health issues and
determinants.
17
Dictionaries are like watches, the worst is
better than none and the best cannot be expected
to go quite true Samuel Johnson
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