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Exogamy: choosing a mate outside of your race, ethnicity, religion 4. ... marriage, or adoption Defining Family Extended family: parents, children, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Family

  • Today
  • Relationships
  • Family Structure
  • 3 theories
  • Extra Credit

Paper 1 due November 5th (MW students) November
6th (TTH students)
Finding your significant other4 factors
sociologists are interested in
1. Propinquity spatial nearness
3. Heterogamy choosing a mate that is different
than you
2. Homogamy tendency to chose a mate who is
similar to you
hobbies, interests, education, personality,
spending habits, age, political beliefs
5. Exogamy choosing a mate outside of your
race, ethnicity, religion
4. Endogamy choosing a mate of the same racial,
ethnic, or religious background
Extra Credit Reflection Describe how you or
someone you know (parents) found their
significant other (must be a long term
relationship,2 years or more). Describe
propinquity, homogamy/heterogamy,
endogamy/exogamy. Which applied to the situation
and how? 1-2 pages. 1 point. Due Oct 31/Nov 1
Defining Family
  • Social institution found in every human society
  • Two or more people, who consider themselves
    related by blood, marriage, or adoption

Defining Family
  • Extended family parents, children, other kin
  • Nuclear family
  • Parents and their children

  • What changes do you think have occurred in the
    structure of families in the United States since
    the 1950s?

Has divorce increased, decreased, or stayed the
same since the 1980s?
(No Transcript)
Number of divorces per 1,000 married women, age
15 and older
Source The National Marriage Project, State of
Our Unions, 2010.
Source The National Marriage Project, State of
Our Unions, 2010.
(No Transcript)
Pros and Cons of Changes in Family
StructureAnswer questions in groups of 1-3
Changes in structures of U.S. families
  • 1. Delayed childbearing
  • Today 1 in 5 women are having their first baby
    after age 35

What are positive and negative aspects of this
Changes in U.S. family structures
  • 2. Not having children

14 of U.S. married couples never have children.
  • Expenses
  • Career focus
  • Unstable relationships
  • Inability to have children

Changes in U.S. family structures
  • 3. Increased employment of married mothers

59 of married U.S. couples depend on two
incomes About one in five children is cared for
in day care centers. What are positive and
negative aspects of this change? Nannies have
become popular among upper-middle class parents.
What are positive and negative aspects of this
Cosby Show
4. Increase in the number of children being
raised by grandparents
Changes in U.S. family structures
According to the U.S. Census Bureaus 2002
report, there are more than 6.5 million children
who are being raised by grandparents or other
relatives instead of by their parents. What are
positive and negative aspects of this change?
Changes in U.S. family structures
  • 5. Increased divorce and blended families

Modern Family
Changes in U.S. family structures
  • 6. Increased single-parent families

One on One (Single dad and teenage daughter)
Changes in U.S. family structures
  • 7. Older age at 1st marriage

Sex and The City
Changes in structures of U.S. families
  • Older age at 1st marriage
  • U.S. men and women are staying single longer

1970 average age at marriage 2006 average age at marriage
Men 23 Men 28
Women 21 Women 26
Changes in U.S. family structures
  • 8. Increased interracial families

The Willis Family from the TV
Show The Jeffersons
Changes in U.S. family structures
  • 9. Increased cohabitation-couple living together
    that is not married

Greys Anatomy
  • Most unmarried partners live in California,
    which accounts for 1 out of 8 of such households
    in the country. Alaska is number two.
  • Least unmarried partners The states with the
    lowest percentage of opposite-sex unmarried
    partners were Utah at 4 and Alabama 5

10. Less people getting married. Why?
Changes in U.S. family structures
  • 1.Marriage must now compete with alternatives
    such as
  • school
  • career
  • living with a partner
  • having children outside of marriage
  • self-fulfillment.
  • 2. Most Americans still want to marry, but have
    less of a need to do so.
  • 3. Most want children, but also value other uses
    of their time and money.
  • 4. Many are indecisive about marriage, drawn by
    its promise of intimacy and fearful of its
    commitments and constraints.

Other changes U.S. family structure
  • Increased births to unmarried women
  • Fewer children with married parents
  • Increase in families with same-sex parents
  • Increase in families with adopted children

Has teenage pregnancy increased, decreased, or
stayed the same since 1990s?
(No Transcript)
Source Center for Disease Control and Prevention
Structural Functionalist Perspective
  • Family is back bone of society
  • Replenishes population
  • Socializes children
  • Provides emotional and

    physical care
  • Traditional roles keep families

Conflict Perspective
  • Unequal power distribution in marriages
  • Why do women take their husbands last name?
  • Why do children take the fathers last name?
  • Traditional roles require domestic slavery of
    the wife-no income or status
  • Even today working women still do

    more of the housework

Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
  • Social meanings connected to divorce, single
    parenthood, and cohabitation.
  • Visitation rights
  • Single mom
  • Living in sin

Parenting Discipline Techniques
1. Be a positive role model. 2. Set rules and
consequences. 3. Encourage and reward good
behavior. 4. Create charts. 5. Give time-outs. 6.
Which is best? Which is worst?
  1. What did you underline and why
  2. Do you agree with the authors parenting style?
    Why or why not?
  3. What parenting techniques do you think are best?

Chua family From Ms. Chua's album 'Mean me with
Lulu in hotel room... with score taped to TV!'
Extra Credit
  • Take advantage of extra credit if
  • You do not participate in whole class discussions
  • Did not score well on a test
  • Did not turn in every assignment
  • Have been late more than twice
  • Have been absent more than twice
  • Have texted in class

Extra CreditImportant Sociologists
  • 5 minute Power Point Presentation
  • Select a sociologist. Describe the following
    brief background of their life, 2 major
    contributions to sociology, how is their work
    relevant today? 
  • 4 points possible
  • Present next week 
  • Choose the sociologist in class today by signing
  • View sample on website

Extra Credit
Extra Credit DVD Analysis Directions    1. View
any of the movies listed on website 2. Write 1-2
pages including     a. Summary of the movie
     b. Connection to sociology (what from class
or text does it remind you of?)      c. Your
personal reflection 1 point possible each.
(Remember 5 points of extra credit are the
maximum for the course, so you can do 5 movie
reviews if you have no other extra credit)
Papers that earned 15/15
  1. Followed the scoring rubric provided on the
    website and discussed in class
  2. Answered the question with specific detailed
    examples (from personal experience, research
    studies, history, news, world events)
  3. Did not have errors in spelling, grammar, or
  4. Demonstrated a strong understanding of the
  5. Introduction had a strong, clear thesis
    previewing the 3 examples

From the paper rubric
Inclusion of Personal Analysis Sociological Concepts The author has taken the ideas and made them "his/her own" by connecting them to personal experiences and/or knowledge of world events. All examples are specific and detailed. Examples come from personal experience, news, or history. Examples are not general/hypothetical or the same as those presented in class or in the text.  
Weak body paragraph Strong body paragraph. Example with specific details.
Robert Park refers to the minority feeling bonded to the culture they came from. My parents both apply to this because they still follow their cultural ways.   Robert Park describes the assimilation experience for three generations of immigrants. Park states that first generation immigrants often hold on to many aspects of their culture (class notes). This is true for my parents in many ways. For example, it is a tradition in Japan for people to take off their shoes before entering the home. Even though we have lived in the United States since I was four years old, my parents have always taught my sisters and I to take our shoes off as soon as we come home. We have a little bench right in our entry way just for this purpose. Anyone who visits our home must also take off their shoes. We do the same when visiting other Japanese families as well.
Next class
Read Ch 11 p 265, 270-280 Coming up soon A8
Due Read the article Misconceptions About Islam
posted on the course website and type half a page
to one page describing your personal reflection
(What stood out to you most?) 5 points
Silent Dialogue Partner Activity
Purpose of the activity 1. Develop critical
thinking skills (there is no right or wrong
answer, no right or wrong question to pose). The
goal is to ask your partner a question that will
invite them to look at their own thoughts in a
deeper manner 2. Allow shy/quiet students share
their thoughts 3. Allow students to be the ones
asking the questions instead of the teacher 4.
Allow students to get feedback from peers instead
of the teacher 5. Allow the teacher to assess
the background knowledge students have on the
topic (what do you already know about changes in
family structure?)
  • What changes do you think have occurred in the
    structure of families in the United States since
    the 1950s?
  • Partner activity
  • Answer the question above. Write NEATLY
  • Example One way I think families have changed
    since the 1950s is ____
  • 2. When you hear the buzzer, pass your paper to
    your partner
  • 3. Read their statement and write an OPEN-ENDED
    thought provoking question for your partner that
    requires them to think about the topic more
    deeply or look at it in a different way
  • 4. When you hear the buzzer, switch papers and
    respond to you partners question thoughtfully.
  • 5. When you hear the buzzer switch papers and
    read the response
  • Write your names on both papers, turn into red
    folder at the end of class for your participation
    points for today