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End of the Civil War and Its Impact Chapter 11 Section 5

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End of the Civil War and Its Impact Chapter 11 Section 5 Surrender at Appomattox Lee s army was down to half the size of Grant s With less than 30,000 men left in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: End of the Civil War and Its Impact Chapter 11 Section 5


1
End of the Civil War and Its ImpactChapter 11
Section 5
2
Objectives
  • Analyze the final events of the Civil War.
  • Explain why the North won the war.
  • Assess the impact of the Civil War on the North
    and the South.

3
Surrender at Appomattox
  • Lees army was down to half the size of Grants
  • With less than 30,000 men left in his army, Lee
    was forced to seek terms of surrender

4
  • Lee met Grant in a house in the small town of
    Appomattox Courthouse
  • The terms were simple Confederates could keep
    their side arms, animals, and dignity
  • The war was over, and the work of Reconstruction
    begins

5
Assassination
Just five days after Lees surrender, the nation
was shocked when John Wilkes Booth shot President
Lincoln.
6
Booth and four others had planned to kill the
President, Vice President, and Secretary of State.
They wanted to bring chaos to the Union so the
South could regroup and continue the war.
Booth was shot when found hiding in a barn in
Virginia. His four accomplices were captured and
hanged.
7
Thousands in cities and towns paid their respects
as Lincolns body was transferred to Springfield,
Illinois.
Lincolns death
  • United his northern supporters and critics
  • Left the nation without a strong, steady hand
    guiding the Union

8
Why the North Won the Civil War
The North had more resources.
  • Abundant resources
  • Larger population
  • Emergence of new military leaders
  • Leadership of Lincoln

9
Deadly War
  • The war ushered in modern warfare that meant huge
    casualties.
  • The death toll from individual battles in the
    Civil War was greater than the United States had
    previously sustained in entire wars.
  • For the first time, the horror of war was
    recorded for all to see by photojournalists, like
    Mathew Brady.

10
Q. WHO WON THE CIVIL WAR?
11
The economic costs for both sides were
staggering.
12
Impact of the Civil War in the South
  • Cities and the countryside lay in ruins. Soldiers
    returned to find their homes and farms in
    shambles.
  • African Americans, particularly in the South, had
    to adjust to their new freedom.
  • As Reconstruction progressed, blacks learned that
    freedom was not always a reality in southern
    states. Many African Americans migrated West,
    taking advantage of the Homestead Act and the
    chance to own land.

13
Impact of the Civil War in the North
  • The industrial boom fed by the war continued and
    flourished, changing the United States into world
    economic force.
  • Congress passed a tariff law protecting the
    northern industries.

14
Impact of the war on the nation
  • Sectional differences never again led to states
    leaving the Union.
  • The economic, political, and social life of the
    nation became more interwoven.
  • The federal government increasingly played a
    larger role in American lives.

15
Objectives
  • Analyze the final events of the Civil War.
  • Explain why the North won the war.
  • Assess the impact of the Civil War on the North
    and the South.
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