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POETRY

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POETRY: Can it be defined? I. TYPES OF POETRY Narrative poetry PowerPoint Presentation LYRICS PowerPoint Presentation II. THE SONNET D. Two traditional patterns 1. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POETRY


1
POETRY
2
POETRY
  1. What is it?
  2. Why write it?
  3. Why study it?

3
POETRY Can it be defined?
  • One of three genres
  • Prose
  • Drama
  • Poetry

4
POETRY Can it be defined?
  • No single characteristic
  • Mostregular rhythmical pattern or meter
  • Some in prose, some in free verse
  • Mostconcise, musical, emotionally charged
    language
  • Mostimagery, figurative language, sound devices
    such as rhyme

5
I. TYPES OF POETRY
  • Narrative poetry tells as story, told by a
    narrator
  • 1. Ballads-Songlike poem, often dealing with
    adventure or romance (Middle Ages)

6
Narrative poetry
  • 2. Epics-long, narrative about the adventures of
    gods or of a hero, such as Beowulf. (Anglo-Saxon
    Period)

7
  • B. Lyrics expresses the observations and
    feelings of a single speaker. Presents an
    experience or single effect but does not tell a
    full story.

8
LYRICS
  • 1. Odes-Long, formal lyric poem with serious
    theme.
  • 2. Elegies-solemn and formal lyric poem about
    death.
  • 3. Sonnets-14 line lyric poem focused on a single
    theme.

9
  • C. Lyric Popularity
  • Lyrical poetry flourished in the Renaissance and
    was revived during the Romantic period
    (1798-1832) and has remained a common poetic form
    since that time.

10
II. THE SONNET
  1. 14 lines lyric poem
  2. Focused on a single theme
  3. Most written in iambic pentameter

11
D. Two traditional patterns
  • 1. Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet
  • 2. Shakespearean or English Sonnet
  • -(English sonnet first used by Sir Thomas Wyatt
    in 1530s)

12
1. Petrarchan or Italian Sonnet
  • a. 2 parts
  • i. 8-line Octave
  • ii. 6-line sestet
  • b. Octave rhymes abba abba and raises a
    question, states a problem, or presents a brief
    narrative
  • c. Sestet rhymes cde cde or some combination of
    cd rhymes and answers the question, solves the
    problem or comments on the problem

13
2. English or Shakespearean Sonnet
  • a. three 4-line quatrains and concluding
    two-line couplet
  • b. Rhyme scheme of each quatrain is usually
    abab cdcd efef and couplet is gg
  • c. Each quatrain explores a variation of the
    main theme
  • d. the couplet offers a summarizing or
    concluding statement.

14
Spenserian Sonnet
  • Used variation of English
  • Uses interlocking rhyme scheme (abab bcbc cdcd
    ee) to link the three quatrains
  • Also wrote pastoral poetry and the epic romance
    The Faerie Queene.

15
E. Sonnet Cycle or Sequence
  • 1. series of sonnets that fit loosely together
    to form a story, written to one person or on one
    theme.
  • 2. Each poem can stand alone.
  • 3. The sequence lets the poet trace the
    development of a relationship or examine
    different aspects of a single subject.

16
POETRY TERMS
  • All of the terms that follow are fair game for
    ALL remaining quizzes and exams.
  • Additionally-they will be crucial to AP12 as
    well. Consider typing them up and saving them for
    quick reference!

17
POETRY TERMS ASSIGNMENT
  • Write out the definitions to all the terms in
    your class notebook. You may add these to our
    ongoing definitions section.
  • Some of the terms have previously been defined.
  • You may use the glossary in your textbook as well
    as the information provided in the time period
    overview section to come up with a complete
    definition. Pay attention to examples when
    offered
  • Avoid writing word for word try to write in such
    a manner as you will remember.

18
POETRY TERMS Define each of the following terms
  • 16. Meter
  • 17. Feet
  • 18. Iamb
  • 19. Pentameter
  • 20. Stanza
  • 21. Free Verse
  • 22. Paradox
  • 23. Octave
  • 24. Sestet
  • 25. Quatrain
  • 26. Rhyme Scheme
  • 27. Rhymed Couplet
  • 28. Internal Rhyme
  • 29. End Rhyme
  • 30. Exact Rhyme
  • 31. Slant Rhyme
  • 1. Alliteration
  • 2. Allusion
  • 3. Apostrophe
  • 4. Assonance
  • 5. Conflict
  • 6. Consonance
  • 7. Imagery
  • 8. Metaphor
  • 9. Mood
  • 10. Personification
  • 11. Repetition
  • 12. Simile
  • 13. Symbol/ism
  • 14. Theme
  • 15. Tone

19
EXTRA CREDIT
  • If not interested, you need not go any further in
    this power point.
  • If you are interested, the assignment is DUE
    Friday February 24

20
QUIZ CREATION
  • 1. QUIZ You must type out an objective quiz over
    the terms.
  • It must contain 20 items. They may be matching,
    fill in the blank, true false, or short answer.
    The purpose is to create higher-level than simple
    memorize-regurgitate. Consider providing examples
    of the techniques and having students identify
    them, or giving lines of poetry and asking the
    student to identify the techniques and explain
    the purpose/effect, etc. The more advanced the
    items, the more points.
  • 2. Create a name line at the top for the test
    taker. Make it look like an actual Quiz
  • 3. Put your name at the bottom of the quiz as the
    creator.
  • 4. ANSWER KEY On a separate sheet write an
    answer key, also with your name on it.
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