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NOAA Priorities for an Ecosystem Approach to Management A Presentation to the NOAA Science Advisory Board


NOAA Priorities for an Ecosystem Approach to Management A Presentation to the NOAA Science Advisory Board John H. Dunnigan NOAA Ecosystem Goal Team Lead – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NOAA Priorities for an Ecosystem Approach to Management A Presentation to the NOAA Science Advisory Board

NOAA Priorities for an Ecosystem Approach to
Management A Presentation to the NOAA Science
Advisory Board
  • John H. Dunnigan
  • NOAA Ecosystem Goal Team Lead
  • Director, Office of Sustainable Fisheries
  • August 8 2005

  • Purpose Review Progress and Prospects
  • Recap
  • November, 2004 briefing to SAB
  • New developments
  • Elements of an Ecosystem Approach, and
  • Current EAM Activities
  • Challenges
  • Desired Outcomes

  • Review Progress towards Ecosystem Approaches
  • Review and Comment on Planned Activities
  • Regional Workshops
  • EAM Inventory and Table Top Exercise
  • Ecosystem Indicators
  • Review and Comment on Ecosystem Goals Priorities

Recap Where Have We Been?
  • November 3 briefing to SAB
  • Focused on
  • Overview of Goal structure
  • The shifting EAM paradigm
  • Delineation of ecosystems
  • Plan to Move Forward Ecosystem coordinators,
    regional teams, workshops

NOAAs Definitions
  • An ecosystem is a geographically specified system
    of organisms (including humans), the environment
    and the processes that control its dynamics
  • An ecosystem approach to management
  • Adaptive
  • Regionally directed
  • Takes account of ecosystem knowledge and
  • Considers multiple external influences
  • Strives to balance diverse societal objectives

Federal EAM Activities
  • Presidents Ocean Action Plan
  • Calls for ecosystem approach to management
  • Established a new governance structure
  • Committed to Gulf of Mexico partnership
  • Subcommittee on Integrated Management of Ocean
    Resources (SIMOR)
  • Developed work priority areas
  • Highlighted next steps toward ecosystem approach
    to management
  • Advance interagency/regional collaboration
  • NOAA Development of Ecosystem Goal Team (EGT)

Elements of an Ecosystem Approach to Management
MISSION Protect, restore, and manage the use of
coastal and ocean resources through
ecosystem-based management
EAM Elements
  • Integration and Outreach Improve internal and
    external coordination on a regional scale.
    Integration builds on NOAAs leadership,
    expertise and assets with federal, regional,
    state and local partners to sustain healthy
  • Observe and Characterize Evaluate changes in
    environmental conditions of regional coastal and
    marine resources and gain an understanding of the
    conditions, their causes and consequences to
    inform management.
  • Research and Modeling Apply a
    multi-disciplinary and geographically focused
    research approach to improve the scientific basis
    for regional ecosystem decisions.
  • Management and Stewardship Identify, negotiate
    and implement strategies to protect, restore and
    sustain healthy and productive use of regional
    ecosystems. Increase public awareness and
    involvement to benefit and improve the health of
    the ecosystems.

Integration and Outreach
  • Form regional teams and conduct regional
    stakeholders workshops
  • Develop regional ecosystem health indicators
  • Identify sub-ecoregions, discuss inland boundary
  • Evolve regional EAM collaborative mechanisms
  • Well informed public to act as stewards

Observe and Characterize
  • Integrate observational capabilities into the
    IOOS structure
  • Economic survey and assessments across regions
  • Characterize habitats that provide critical
    ecosystem functions
  • Expand monitoring/observing systems beyond
    boundaries of NERRS and National Marine
    Sanctuaries to focus on ecosystems
  • Expand knowledge of fish and protected species
    status and forecasts based on ecosystem approach

Research and Modeling
  • Complete regional ecosystem science plans through
    collaborative processes
  • Identify causes and impacts of changes to
    ecosystem conditions.
  • Develop forecasts to predict ecological and
    socioeconomic impacts.
  • Develop, improve, and deliver tools and
    technologies supporting ecosystem based

Management and Stewardship
  • Incorporate advanced knowledge of ecosystem
    connectivity into NOAA resource management
    activities, and encourage this with partners
    (e.g., states)
  • Management decisions based on agreed upon
    ecosystem health indicators
  • Balance ecosystem sustainability both
    biologically and socio-economically

EAM A Template
  • Ten preliminary operational steps for ecosystem
    approach to management
  • Identify stakeholders/partner interests,
    concerns, and values and engage them in all steps
  • Determine major factors/ stressors that affect
    ecosystem health.
  • Establish ecosystem boundaries, sub-ecoregions
    and agreed upon suite of ecosystem indicators of
    health and productivity.
  • Determine research and information needs.
  • Design ecosystem level systems for information
    and monitoring.
  • Identify/develop necessary maps and tools of
    ecoregions and habitats.
  • Establish strategies for achieving targets and
    performance measures.
  • Identify available resources (including
    partnerships) to accomplish strategies.
  • Formalize agreements on how the Regional
    Ecosystem Team will operate.
  • Implement Plans/ Monitor/ Engage/Adapt.

Current EAM Activities
  • Potential for integration and outreach workshops
    and meetings 2005-2006
  • Southeast Shelf
  • The Nature Conservancy, August 2005, NOAA,
    November 2005
  • Gulf of Mexico
  • June 2005 November 2005
  • Northeast Shelf
  • Support August 2005 Governors meeting, workshop
  • California Current
  • COMPASS 2006

Current EAM Activities
  • Regional integration and assessment activities in
    the Gulf of Mexico and Great Lakes
  • Gulf of Mexico Alliance
  • Great Lakes Regional Collaboration
  • NOAA EAM National Inventory
  • Best practices/lessons learned
  • Five year time frame
  • EGT Table Top Exercise
  • Internal integration exercise for Gulf of Mexico

Current EAM Activities
  • NOAA is developing a standard set of high-level
    indicators of health for regional ecosystems.
  • Five categories for a common suite of national
    indicators have been developed biological,
    chemical, physical, habitat, and socio-economic
  • Additional specific indicators will be developed
    based on regional management issues

NOAAs EAM Opportunities
  • Accelerate implementation of EAM
  • Link Climate Change to Ecosystem Forecasting
  • Improve Usefulness of Data for Managers
  • Determine Links between Oceans and Human Health
  • Develop Environmentally Sound Aquaculture
  • Control Invasive Species
  • Engage International Partners in EAM

NOAAs EAM Challenges
  • Advancing regional approaches with a national
  • Coordination and integration of observing
    activities with IOOS
  • Promote collaborative regional science planning
  • Indicators coalesce around a uniform set of
    national indicators and supplement with
    ecosystem-specific indicators
  • Need to build collaboration with partners and

Desired Outcomes
  • SAB suggestions for Additional Planned
  • SAB comments on Ecosystem Goals Science
  • Identify a process on how the Ecosystem Goal
    might engage the SAB for advice on Ecosystem
  • SAB advice on how the Ecosystem Goal can meet its
    several identified challenges